Posts Tagged ‘madrassa’

Here’s a recent round-up of the “Overseas Contingency” on Islamofascism

April 5, 2009
Here’s a recent round-up of the “Overseas Contingency” on  Islamofascism
 
Obama Scraps ‘Global War on Terror’ for ‘Overseas Contingency …Mar 25, 2009 … Obama has reportedly ordered an end to use of the phrase.
http://www.foxnews.com/politics/elections/2009/03/25/report-obama-administration-backing-away-global-war-terror/
 
 
Pakistan: Fear imposed by Taliban in Swat Valley restricts freedom …
Human Rights Education Associates (press release) – ‎Apr 2, 2009‎
Reporters Without Borders is alarmed about the impact that the imposition of the Sharia (Islamic law) in Pakistan’s northern Swat valley is having on press …
http://www.hrea.org/index.php?base_id=2&language_id=1&headline_id=8957
 
Suicide attacks in Pakistan kill 25 United Press International
http://www.upi.com/Top_News/2009/04/04/Suicide-attacks-in-Pakistan-kill-25/UPI-63251238883834/
 
Suicide attack on Pakistan security checkpoint kills 12 CNN
http://www.cnn.com/2009/WORLD/asiapcf/04/04/pakistan.drone.attack/
 
Attacks in Pakistan kill nearly 30 people Australia Network News
http://australianetworknews.com/stories/200904/2535262.htm?desktop
 
 
Fatah, Hamas play the blame game
By KHALED ABU TOAMEH Hamas and Fatah officials traded accusations over the weekend, holding each other responsible for the collapse of the reconciliation …
http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1238562906831&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull
 
 
 Israeli 13-year-old killed in West Bank ax attack – Apr 2, 2009
A 13-year-old boy was killed and a 7-year-old boy was badly wounded, Israeli emergency services said. A murky militant group calling itself the Martyrs of …
http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5ioi_0jtO9RjMwPNRoXNCndRPRq3gD97AANS80
 
Palestinian kills Israeli teenager with pickax Apr 2, 2009 … A Palestinian killed an Israeli teenager with a pickax and seriously … Play Video AP – Israeli 13-year-old killed by ax in West Bank …
http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20090402/ap_on_re_mi_ea/ml_israel_palestinians
 
Washington Times – Israeli 13-year-old killed in West Bank ax attack, Apr 2, 2009 … An ax-wielding Palestinian militant went on a rampage Thursday…, killing an Israeli 13-year-old and …
http://washingtontimes.com/news/2009/apr/02/israeli-13-year-old-killed-in-west-bank-ax-atta-1/
 
Hamas: Bat Ayin attack (on Israeli innocent teens) a natural response to the (so called) “occupation”
Jerusalem Post – ‎Apr 2, 2009‎
… killed a 13-year-old and injured a 7-year-old boy, was simply a natural response to the Israeli “occupation,” a Hamas spokesperson said on Thursday. …
http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1238562892997&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull
 
 
Hamas threats to kidnap more Israeli soldiers
Xinhua – ‎Mar 28, 2009‎
GAZA, March 28 (Xinhua) — Al-Qassam Brigades, the armed wing of Islamic Hamas movement, threatened on Saturday to kidnap more Israeli soldiers to exchange …
http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2009-03/28/content_11091623.htm
 
Most Gaza fatalities were militants Monsters and Critics.com
http://www.monstersandcritics.com/news/middleeast/news/article_1467182.php/Israeli_army_says_most_Gaza_fatalities_were_militants_
 
 
World Briefing | Asia Afghanistan: 20 Die in Hostilities
New York Times – ‎Apr 3, 2009‎
By AP Coalition and Afghan forces killed 12 militants and one civilian in Logar Province, south of the capital, late Thursday, a police official said Friday …
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/04/04/world/asia/04briefs-Afghan.html
 
Coalition Troops Kill 35 Insurgents in Afghanistan Voice of America
http://www.voanews.com/english/2009-04-04-voa10.cfm
 
 
Afghan president orders review of marital law
The Associated Press – ‎04,04,09
http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5hvWEqwq3CrRvaQCmt21MfoYhjZJQD97BOVRG0
 
President Obama Calls New Women-Oppressing Afghan Law “Abhorrent … ABC News
http://blogs.abcnews.com/politicalpunch/2009/04/president-oba-4.html
 
Women choose exile as Taliban laws return Times Online
http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/asia/article6036521.ece
 
 
Seven killed by truck bomb in northern Iraq
Reuters – ‎Apr 1, 2009‎
MOSUL, Iraq (Reuters) – Seven people were killed, including four police officers, when a suicide bomber drove an explosives-laden truck into the compound of
http://uk.reuters.com/article/gc05/idUKLN30565920090331
 
Gays killed in Baghdad as clerics urge clampdown
Reuters – April 4, 2009
… lesbians in Iraq since the rise of religious militias after US-led forces toppled Saddam Hussein six years ago. “Two young men were killed on Thursday. …
http://uk.reuters.com/article/gc05/idUKTRE53312Q20090404
 
Iraqi police: 2 gay men killed in Baghdad slum The Associated Press
http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5hwK_CSpBxsNuVUEaDuOwmSSCiqGwD97BP3FG1
 
Some Iraqis fear return of sectarian violence Kansas City Star
http://www.kansascity.com/105/story/1124745.html
 
US military deaths in Iraq war at 4265
Forbes – ‎Apr 3, 2009‎
The figure includes eight military civilians killed in action. At least 3425 military personnel died as a result of hostile action, according to the …
http://www.forbes.com/feeds/ap/2009/04/03/ap6255164.html
 
 
Somalia: Islamists Claim Victory
AllAfrica.com – ‎Mar 16, 2009‎
Mogadishu — Al-Shabab Islamists claimed Monday victory over fighting in central Somalia which killed many people on Saturday and Sunday in Wabho and Dac …
http://allafrica.com/stories/200903161805.html
 
Somali Islamists ban khat and cigarettes
Daily Nation – ‎Mar 29, 2009‎
The Islamists authority in Dhobley town at the border between Somalia and Kenya Sunday announced a total prohibition of miraa (khat) chewing and cigarette …The Citizen Daily
http://www.nation.co.ke/News/africa/-/1066/554332/-/13q0u4sz/-/
 
Somali Islamists confirm “detention” of five Kenyan nationals
Xinhua – ‎Mar 26, 2009‎
MOGADISHU, March 26 (Xinhua) — The Islamist Al-Shabab movement Thursday said they detained five Kenyan nationals after they crossed into Somalia
http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2009-03/27/content_11079440.htm
 
Islamists seize Kenya officials BBC News
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/7965511.stm
 
Somali Islamists behead two sheikhs – group
Reuters – ‎Mar 20, 2009‎
By Abdi Sheikh and Abdi Guled MOGADISHU, March 20 (Reuters) – Somalia’s hardline al Shabaab insurgents have beheaded two sheikhs from a rival Islamist …
http://www.reuters.com/article/africaCrisis/idUSLK425430
 
ANALYSIS-Qaeda’s Somalia allies on the defensive, for now Reuters
http://www.reuters.com/article/africaCrisis/idUSLJ970165
 
 
Hezbollah Entering US Through Mexico?
FOXNews – ‎Mar 30, 2009‎
Now, according to her reporting, the terrorist organization Hezbollah has been using Mexican drug smuggling routes to enter the US Sarah A. Carter is the…
http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,511520,00.html
 
Terrorism and Drug Routes
ThreatsWatch.Org – ‎Mar 27, 2009‎
Once again we are reminded of the seriousness of border security and the terrorist implications by the revelation that Hezbollah uses Mexican drug (cartel) …
http://threatswatch.org/rapidrecon/2009/03/terrorism-and-drug-routes/
 
Hezbollah using drug smuggling routes MarketWatch (press release)
http://www.marketwatch.com/news/story/hezbollah-using-drug-smuggling-routes/story.aspx?guid=%7BA14CB7E3-86EE-4ECE-A417-E31BF77E65FD%7D&dist=msr_2
 
The Mullah, the Caudillo, and the Terrorist
AMERICAN.COM: A Magazine of Ideas, Online – ‎Apr 1, 2009‎
The administration has skirted the US-Colombia Free Trade Agreement and appears to have restarted trade skirmishes with Mexico, blocking Mexican trucks from …
http://www.american.com/archive/2009/march-2009/the-mullah-the-caudillo-and-the-terrorist
 
Family Security Matters Exclusive: Kaboom – The Last Sound Heard after North Korea or Iran …
Family Security Matters – ‎Apr 2, 2009‎
Can we think of a greater or clearer present danger than what is going on with our Mexican border? When entire portions of US states, and the citizens …
http://www.familysecuritymatters.org/publications/id.2901/pub_detail.asp
 
Hezbollah Working With Drug Cartels and Sharing Routes into US
DigitalJournal.com – ‎Mar 27, 2009‎
The former DEA chief says that Hezbollah is using Mexican drug routes to smuggle people and contraband into the United States.
http://www.digitaljournal.com/article/269984
 
 
Report: Iranian defector tipped Syrian nuke plans The Associated Press
http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5ge4oHlrAOPr_X_cLSzTuqwUX5fBAD971BHEG3
 
Obama & Khamenei
Persian Journal – ‎Mar 31, 2009‎
He considers any democratic system as the enemy of Islamofascism, and rightfully so. * He works ceaselessly, expands Iran’s stolen funds, and does all he …
http://www.iranian.ws/iran_news/publish/article_29035.shtml
 
An Olive Branch For A Terrorist State
Investor’s Business Daily (subscription) – ‎Mar 20, 2009‎
War On Terror: Is there some grand strategy behind President Obama’s “Happy Persian New Year” video message to Iran? Or is America embracing the naive …
http://www.investors.com/editorial/editorialcontent.asp?secid=1501&status=article&id=322441764984684
 
Life And Death Lessons The Us Still Needs to Learn for Survival
Evening Bulletin – ‎Mar 30, 2009‎
Every minute, Islamofascist murderous maniacs are plotting to blow us up, behead us, nuke us and destroy us. The threat practically smashes us in the face. …
http://thebulletin.us/articles/2009/03/30/herb_denenberg/doc49d0960879a28312477498.txt

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Arab Shame: A League of Theirs Blown About – News & Issues – ‎Apr 2, 2009‎
Finally, in a crowning shame, there was the Arab League’s rallying around Sudan’s Hassan al-Bashir, the genocidal leader behind Sudan’s various …
http://middleeast.about.com/b/2009/04/02/arab-shame-a-league-of-theirs-blown.htm

African Union Authority – A Shame, a Joke New Era – ‎Mar 13, 2009‎
AU could not even solve the challenges of genocide committed by Sudan’s Al-Bashir’s regime against innocent African children and women in Darfur, …Human Rights Council discusses human rights situations that …
http://www.newera.com.na/article.php?articleid=3019

ReliefWeb (press release) – ‎Mar 17, 2009‎
The Federation welcomed the issuance of an arrest warrant by the International Criminal Court for the Sudanese President Omar Al-Bashir. …
http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/rwb.nsf/db900SID/MYAI-7Q984U?OpenDocument

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Madrassa: Breeding ground of Jihadists

March 31, 2009

Madrassa: Breeding ground of Jihadists

Modern Ghana – ‎Mar 30, 2009‎ By Salah Uddin Shoaib Choudhury

When I for the first time forecasted that Madrassa was becoming breeding ground of Jihadists, many of my fellow journalists instantly raised their fingers at me saying, I was serving the purpose of ‘foreign interest’. Policymakers in the government were even much aggressive in bringing sedition, treason and blasphemy charges against me. They tried to give justification to such actions saying, my criticizing the Madrassa and forecasting the rise of Islamist militancy within such institutions; I was hurting the sentiment of Muslims and was doing harm to Islam!

Ridiculous indeed!

In this article, I will discuss many of the unknown and untold facts on Madrassas in the world, along with some very exclusive investigative information on such religious schools.

Muslims consider Madrassas as the basic place of generating clergies as well as those who can be the custodians of Islam in the respective countries. But, many are still unaware that in the name of religious education, major segment of such Madrassas are active as breeding ground of Jihadists. Instead of real Islamic education, the students are taught of religious hatred. Their brains are filled with the poison of hate towards everyone who is not a Muslim. Moreover, the very old notion of ‘killing Jews and Christians’ and remaining a good Muslim is very strong planted in the minds of thousands of students of such institutions.

For past several years, I have done extensive investigation into the Madrassa education system and the Qaomi [Koranic] Madrassa in Bangladesh as well as studied extensively on such religious schools around the world and each of my inquisitive investigations finally ended in identifying growth of radical and militant Islam right within the 64,000 Qaomi Madrassas in Bangladesh, as well others within the Islamic and non Islamic world.

Although people are always putting focus on Madrassas involvement in breeding Jihadists, they are yet to investigate the inside stories in Madrassas, where male and female students are sexually abused by the clergies on a regular basis. Sodomy is a growing phenomenon in the Madrassas, and according to various reports, silent spread of HIV and Aids is gradually putting a huge blanket on the large number of students and teachers coming of such institutions.

Terrorism and rise of radical Islam is a global problem. Islamic terrorism [also known as Islamist terrorism or Jihadist terrorism] is religious terrorism by those whose motivations are rooted in their interpretations of Islam. Statistics gathered for 2006 by the National Counterterrorism Center of the United States indicated that “Islamic extremism” was responsible for approximately 25% of all terrorism fatalities worldwide, and a majority of the fatalities for which responsibility could be conclusively determined. Terrorist acts have included airline hijacking, beheading, kidnapping, assassination, roadside bombing, suicide bombing, and occasionally rape.

According to some experts, Perhaps the most resonant incident of Islamic terrorism was the 9/11 attack on the United States. Other prominent attacks have occurred in Iraq, Afghanistan, India, Israel, Britain, Spain, France, Russia and China. These terrorist groups often describe their actions as Islamic jihad [struggle]. Self-proclaimed sentences of punishment or death, issued publicly as threats, often come in the form of fatwas [Islamic legal judgments]. Both Muslims and non-Muslims have been among the targets and victims, but threats against Muslims are often issued as takfir [a declaration that a person, group or institution that describes itself as Muslim has in fact left Islam and thus is a traitor]. This is an implicit death threat as the punishment for apostasy in Islam is death under Sharia law.

The controversies surrounding the subject include whether the terrorist act is self-defense or aggression, national self-determination or Islamic supremacy; the targeting of noncombatants; whether Islam ever could condone terrorism; whether some attacks described as Islamic terrorism are merely terrorist acts committed by Muslims or nationalists; how much support there is in the Muslim world for Islamic terrorism; whether the Arab-Israeli Conflict is the root of Islamic terrorism, or simply one cause.

Osama bin Laden is the millionaire son of a construction magnate. Ayman al-Zawahiri, Bin Laden’s deputy, is a medical doctor. Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, the leader of Al Qaida in Iraq was an uneducated street thug who converted to a radical form of Islam in prison. Recently we saw a female Belgian convert to Islam become a suicide bomber in Iraq. It is difficult to identify what such people have in common other than a willingness to kill — and sometimes to die — for a cause they are convinced is right. No study has so far been able to explain why some people become terrorists and others don’t. Socio-psychological factors and questions of identity seem to be important and the dynamics of various cults have some striking parallels to terrorist cells. One thing we frequently see in the trajectory of terrorists is a conversion experience that occurs within a small, tight-knit group. The dynamics of such groups tend to reinforce personal conviction, especially among individuals whose other social networks have frayed or can’t match the intensity of bonds forged in what is for them an existential struggle.

Often the group is led by a ‘charismatic figure’ such as a ‘jihad veteran’, or jihad entrepreneur who raises funds and recruits for jihad. Such groups are found in many contexts, from prisons to social clubs. Often they are associated with a mosque, but generally they do not hold meetings in the mosque itself. Also the internet is playing a role in this conversion by exposing people to extremist views and the possibilities presented by jihad.

Many of the members of such cells have little history of extremism — or of piety. The most pious are not necessarily those most likely to become terrorists. Indeed, one could argue that for some people it is their poor understanding of Islam — and for the young suicide bomber, perhaps even their naivety — that has made them susceptible to extreme views.

Some analysts have argued that the root causes of terrorism lie not with the psychology or life experience of the individual but with deeper underlying political and economic currents. These root causes are variously listed as poverty, underdevelopment, un-employment, the demography of youth bulges, Palestinian dispossession and so forth.

These so-called ‘root causes’ are relevant but they do not go to the heart of the issue. First, there is the obvious fact that many terrorists are middle class or even from elites. Social studies of terrorists show that they are generally better educated than the broader population.

Secondly, terrorism is not limited to developing countries: look at the history of terrorism in developed democracies such as the United Kingdom. Finally, behind talk of root causes there is an assumption that they are somehow more real than the terrorists’ self-proclaimed motivations, that economic factors are more solid than ideology or identity. But as the protests over the Danish cartoons showed: issues of belief, identity and culture are just as real as material ones for many Muslims, and may well drive the emotions of many even more strongly.

That said, dysfunctional economies and authoritarian political systems magnify feelings of frustration and anger which, in turn, provide fertile soil for those who manipulate questions of identity and victim hood in the cause of violent jihad.

Since 9/11 the nature of the terrorist threat has changed. It has become more decentralized and amorphous. Al Qaida is still an active threat even if it has not been directly responsible for any major attack for the past two years. Al Qaida is fighting a war that it believes will last for generations. It has not given up its goal of conducting catastrophic attacks in the United States. We should not forget that eight and a half years passed between the first and second World Trade Centre attacks, and that the relative failure of the first attack seems to have acted more as an incentive than a dampener.

One of Al Qaida’s ‘achievements’ has been to draw many groups and Jihadists out of their local struggles and focus them on the ‘far enemy’. Zawahiri, now Al Qaida’s chief ideologist, himself moved from a local, Egyptian preoccupation to a global, anti-US ideology. And the story of Jamaah Islamiyah in Indonesia is about the transformation of a group which grew out of a national Islamist movement — Darul Islam — and has gone on to adopt the global Jihadist view of Al Qaida and others.

The terrorist threat today is best understood as a network of networks.

Sometimes the groups and cells that make up this extended network are held together by formal alliances — the best example is the alliance between core Al Qaida and Abu Musab al-Zarqawi’s Al Qaida franchise in Iraq. But most often the links are informal, based on personal contacts. Surprising to some as it may seem, Al Qaida does not exercise command and control over this extensive network. Continued

Madrassa: Breeding ground of Jihadists

Modern Ghana – ‎Mar 30, 2009‎ By Salah Uddin Shoaib Choudhury

When I for the first time forecasted that Madrassa was becoming breeding ground of Jihadists, many of my fellow journalists instantly raised their fingers at me saying, I was serving the purpose of ‘foreign interest’. Policymakers in the government were even much aggressive in bringing sedition, treason and blasphemy charges against me. They tried to give justification to such actions saying, my criticizing the Madrassa and forecasting the rise of Islamist militancy within such institutions; I was hurting the sentiment of Muslims and was doing harm to Islam!

Ridiculous indeed!

In this article, I will discuss many of the unknown and untold facts on Madrassas in the world, along with some very exclusive investigative information on such religious schools.

Muslims consider Madrassas as the basic place of generating clergies as well as those who can be the custodians of Islam in the respective countries. But, many are still unaware that in the name of religious education, major segment of such Madrassas are active as breeding ground of Jihadists. Instead of real Islamic education, the students are taught of religious hatred. Their brains are filled with the poison of hate towards everyone who is not a Muslim. Moreover, the very old notion of ‘killing Jews and Christians’ and remaining a good Muslim is very strong planted in the minds of thousands of students of such institutions.

For past several years, I have done extensive investigation into the Madrassa education system and the Qaomi [Koranic] Madrassa in Bangladesh as well as studied extensively on such religious schools around the world and each of my inquisitive investigations finally ended in identifying growth of radical and militant Islam right within the 64,000 Qaomi Madrassas in Bangladesh, as well others within the Islamic and non Islamic world.

Although people are always putting focus on Madrassas involvement in breeding Jihadists, they are yet to investigate the inside stories in Madrassas, where male and female students are sexually abused by the clergies on a regular basis. Sodomy is a growing phenomenon in the Madrassas, and according to various reports, silent spread of HIV and Aids is gradually putting a huge blanket on the large number of students and teachers coming of such institutions.

Terrorism and rise of radical Islam is a global problem. Islamic terrorism [also known as Islamist terrorism or Jihadist terrorism] is religious terrorism by those whose motivations are rooted in their interpretations of Islam. Statistics gathered for 2006 by the National Counterterrorism Center of the United States indicated that “Islamic extremism” was responsible for approximately 25% of all terrorism fatalities worldwide, and a majority of the fatalities for which responsibility could be conclusively determined. Terrorist acts have included airline hijacking, beheading, kidnapping, assassination, roadside bombing, suicide bombing, and occasionally rape.

According to some experts, Perhaps the most resonant incident of Islamic terrorism was the 9/11 attack on the United States. Other prominent attacks have occurred in Iraq, Afghanistan, India, Israel, Britain, Spain, France, Russia and China. These terrorist groups often describe their actions as Islamic jihad [struggle]. Self-proclaimed sentences of punishment or death, issued publicly as threats, often come in the form of fatwas [Islamic legal judgments]. Both Muslims and non-Muslims have been among the targets and victims, but threats against Muslims are often issued as takfir [a declaration that a person, group or institution that describes itself as Muslim has in fact left Islam and thus is a traitor]. This is an implicit death threat as the punishment for apostasy in Islam is death under Sharia law.

The controversies surrounding the subject include whether the terrorist act is self-defense or aggression, national self-determination or Islamic supremacy; the targeting of noncombatants; whether Islam ever could condone terrorism; whether some attacks described as Islamic terrorism are merely terrorist acts committed by Muslims or nationalists; how much support there is in the Muslim world for Islamic terrorism; whether the Arab-Israeli Conflict is the root of Islamic terrorism, or simply one cause.

Osama bin Laden is the millionaire son of a construction magnate. Ayman al-Zawahiri, Bin Laden’s deputy, is a medical doctor. Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, the leader of Al Qaida in Iraq was an uneducated street thug who converted to a radical form of Islam in prison. Recently we saw a female Belgian convert to Islam become a suicide bomber in Iraq. It is difficult to identify what such people have in common other than a willingness to kill — and sometimes to die — for a cause they are convinced is right. No study has so far been able to explain why some people become terrorists and others don’t. Socio-psychological factors and questions of identity seem to be important and the dynamics of various cults have some striking parallels to terrorist cells. One thing we frequently see in the trajectory of terrorists is a conversion experience that occurs within a small, tight-knit group. The dynamics of such groups tend to reinforce personal conviction, especially among individuals whose other social networks have frayed or can’t match the intensity of bonds forged in what is for them an existential struggle.

Often the group is led by a ‘charismatic figure’ such as a ‘jihad veteran’, or jihad entrepreneur who raises funds and recruits for jihad. Such groups are found in many contexts, from prisons to social clubs. Often they are associated with a mosque, but generally they do not hold meetings in the mosque itself. Also the internet is playing a role in this conversion by exposing people to extremist views and the possibilities presented by jihad.

Many of the members of such cells have little history of extremism — or of piety. The most pious are not necessarily those most likely to become terrorists. Indeed, one could argue that for some people it is their poor understanding of Islam — and for the young suicide bomber, perhaps even their naivety — that has made them susceptible to extreme views.

Some analysts have argued that the root causes of terrorism lie not with the psychology or life experience of the individual but with deeper underlying political and economic currents. These root causes are variously listed as poverty, underdevelopment, un-employment, the demography of youth bulges, Palestinian dispossession and so forth.

These so-called ‘root causes’ are relevant but they do not go to the heart of the issue. First, there is the obvious fact that many terrorists are middle class or even from elites. Social studies of terrorists show that they are generally better educated than the broader population.

Secondly, terrorism is not limited to developing countries: look at the history of terrorism in developed democracies such as the United Kingdom. Finally, behind talk of root causes there is an assumption that they are somehow more real than the terrorists’ self-proclaimed motivations, that economic factors are more solid than ideology or identity. But as the protests over the Danish cartoons showed: issues of belief, identity and culture are just as real as material ones for many Muslims, and may well drive the emotions of many even more strongly.

That said, dysfunctional economies and authoritarian political systems magnify feelings of frustration and anger which, in turn, provide fertile soil for those who manipulate questions of identity and victim hood in the cause of violent jihad.

Since 9/11 the nature of the terrorist threat has changed. It has become more decentralized and amorphous. Al Qaida is still an active threat even if it has not been directly responsible for any major attack for the past two years. Al Qaida is fighting a war that it believes will last for generations. It has not given up its goal of conducting catastrophic attacks in the United States. We should not forget that eight and a half years passed between the first and second World Trade Centre attacks, and that the relative failure of the first attack seems to have acted more as an incentive than a dampener.

One of Al Qaida’s ‘achievements’ has been to draw many groups and Jihadists out of their local struggles and focus them on the ‘far enemy’. Zawahiri, now Al Qaida’s chief ideologist, himself moved from a local, Egyptian preoccupation to a global, anti-US ideology. And the story of Jamaah Islamiyah in Indonesia is about the transformation of a group which grew out of a national Islamist movement — Darul Islam — and has gone on to adopt the global Jihadist view of Al Qaida and others.

The terrorist threat today is best understood as a network of networks.

Sometimes the groups and cells that make up this extended network are held together by formal alliances — the best example is the alliance between core Al Qaida and Abu Musab al-Zarqawi’s Al Qaida franchise in Iraq. But most often the links are informal, based on personal contacts. Surprising to some as it may seem, Al Qaida does not exercise command and control over this extensive network….

http://www.modernghana.com/news/208749/1/madrassa-breeding-ground-of-jihadists.html