Posts Tagged ‘Baathism’

Fascist Baathist butcher Assad ties Arabism with Islamism

April 16, 2012

The ideology behind the Butcher

Assad’s Baathist fascist, racist regime is backed by the supremacist for ‘Greater Syria,’ the infamous SSNP. The latest crackdown has claimed over 10,000 people, scores were tortured to death, especially children.

Straight from the horse’s mouth about Arabism and Islamism:

President al-Assad meets Levant Scholars\’ Union delegation …
Last Update: 11-04-2012 11:59PM
Syrian Radio & TV Online
As for extremism, the President said that there is nothing called extremism in Islam, adding “Islam is extremist in good and amity and in regards to organizing societies, promoting and developing them.”

On Islam and Arabism, President al-Assad went on to say that a lot of Arab Muslims have separated Arabism form Islam while the non-Arab Muslim is still linking the two notions.. wondering how we separate the Arabism of the Prophet Mohammad from Islam, and how we separate the holy Quran from Arabism and its Arab and Islamic context while the Prophet had boasted of his Arabism and belonging to Quraish.

Source, official Syrian government’s monitored site: syriaonline.sy/?f=det&catid=12&pageid=2006

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Recent on Iran / Syria / hezbollah Crimes against Humanity

June 15, 2011

This Syrian tinderbox could set fire to the region‎
The Guardian – Jun 7, 2011
Assad’s regime threatens dire consequences for the bloodshed in Jisr al-Shughour. … security men – Syria’s equivalent of Iran’s notorious basij militia. …
http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2011/jun/07/syria-jisr-al-shughour-assad-regime


Syria remains dangerous regime
Posted on Friday, 06.10.11
BY FRIDA GHITIS
The Syrian people have good reason to feel let down by those around the world who claim to believe passionately in human rights and democracy. The international community has shown misguided restraint in condemning Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s slaughter of his own people. In trying to prove he should be allowed to stay in power, Assad has shown exactly the opposite.
[…]
This is not just about Assad. Syrian demonstrators have been chanting “No to Assad,” but also “No to Iran, No to Hezbollah!” The protests threaten the Iran-Syria-Hezbollah-Hamas bloc. There is much at stake here not just for the regime in Damascus but for the entire region. Syria and Iran have kept Hamas and Hezbollah stockpiled with weapons. Without Damascus, the structure would wobble; perhaps fall.


The lesson from the border protests is that Assad leads an exceedingly dangerous regime. If his brutality against the Syrian people was not enough, his willingness to trigger another regional war — with the support of his allies in Tehran, Beirut and Gaza — should convince the international community to impose stern sanctions, and work for his removal.
http://www.miamiherald.com/2011/06/09/2260477/syria-remains-dangerous-regime.html


The West’s helplessness in Syria‎
The Week Magazine – Daniel Larison – 4 days ago


The world’s response to the bloodshed in Syria, or rather, … will be empowered, and a reliable ally of Iran and patron of Hezbollah will be overthrown.
http://theweek.com/article/index/216200/the-wests-helplessness-in-syria


Syria Update: “The regime is prepared to massacre everyone …Jun 12, 2011 … Syria Update: “The regime is prepared to massacre everyone” … reports are emerging that Iranians and Hezbollah members are assisting them. …
http://www.judithlevy.com/?p=519


Syria: Where Massacre Is a Family Tradition
[June 13, 2011]
The mask of the Assad regime finally falls, and the world is forced to confront its illusions about Iran’s ally and Hezbollah’s patron.
By FOUAD AJAMI
Pity the Syrians as they face the Assad regime’s tanks and artillery and snipers. Unlike in Libya, there is no Arab or international “mandate” to protect them. Grant Syria’s rulers their due: Their country rides with the Iranian theocracy and provides it access to the Mediterranean. It is a patron of Hamas and Hezbollah. And still they managed to sell the outside world on the legend of their moderation.
http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052702304259304576375943962621206.html?mod=googlenews_ws


A new Hama on the Turkish border Asia Times Online
By Victor Kotsev
June 15, 2011
TEL AVIV – In 1982, on orders by current Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s father, Hafez, the Syrian army destroyed much of the city of Hama and killed somewhere between 10,000 and 40,000 people. The memory of that Muslim Brotherhood uprising and the government massacre is so strong in Syria that arguably it was a crucial factor in rekindling the current unrest after some 70 demonstrators were killed in Hama 10 days ago.


Now, the town of Jisr al-Shoughour seems set on becoming the new Hama – “a” new Hama, if we believe much of what is being written and said about the situation in Syria, with other cities to follow. It does not mean that the comparison is realistic – all other discrepancies aside, the town with its approximately 50,000 inhabitants is no comparison to Hama, the fourth-largest city in Syria – but then again, leading Western ethicists of the past few decades have taught us not to compare numbers of victims.
http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Middle_East/MF15Ak03.html


Sky News: Clinton accuses Iran of backing Syria
Updated: 03:32, Wednesday June 15, 2011
US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton on Tuesday accused Iran of backing Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s ‘vicious assaults’ on pro-democracy protesters after crushing its own 2009 uprising.
‘Iran is supporting the Assad regime’s vicious assaults on peaceful protesters and military actions against its own cities,’ Clinton said, comparing its response to Iran’s crackdown on pro-reform demonstrations.
‘Two years ago this week, Iranian citizens went to the polls in the hopes of expressing their democratic rights,’ she said.
‘When the people reached for their aspirations, the government responded with brutal repression. Two years later, that repression continues.’
Syria’s uprising was triggered in mid-March by the arrest and torture of 15 children and adolescents accused of spraying anti-regime graffiti in the southern town of Daraa, which then became the epicentre of the revolt.
The UN children’s agency UNICEF has since said that at least 30 children have been shot dead in the revolt against the Assad family’s 40-year rule…
http://www.skynews.com.au/topstories/article.aspx?id=625543&vId=


Clinton: Iran Helps Syrian Brutality; Tehran Warns US
[Published: 06/14/11]
by Tzvi Ben Gedalyahu
U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton on Tuesday accused Iran of physically aiding Syrian forces using brutal violence to put down the country’s protest movement. Hours earlier, Iran warned the United States, “Americans are not allowed to launch a military intervention in any country of the region, including Syria.”
http://www.israelnationalnews.com/News/News.aspx/144930

ARAB MUSLIM NAZISM – DOCUMENTATION: Your Reference Guide

November 28, 2010

ARAB MUSLIM NAZISM – DOCUMENTATION


In GeneralSome of the groupsPan-Arabism & NazismIrony of non-Aryan “inferior” Arabs’, Bosnians’ racesArab Nazi PartiesGrand MuftiRashid AliUmmarAl-Banna / Muslim BrotherhoodReza Pahlevi – IranIbn Saud / S. ArabiaKing Farouk / EgyptShakib ArslanYoung EgyptBaathKhairallah Tuflahal-MiqdadiAl-Sabawial-Muthanna Club & al-FutuwwaSSNPNajjadaHandscharAdmiration & worshipping


IN GENERAL



  
An Urgent Wakeup Call 
Jihad and Jew-Hatred: Islamism, Nazism, and the Roots of 9/11, by Matthias Küntzel, trans. Colin Meade, Telos Press, 2007, 180 pp.
Reviewed by Amnon Lord [2008]

“We were the first to think of translating Mein Kampf,” wrote Sami al-Jundi, a leader of the Syrian Ba’ath Party in the 1930s. “Whoever lived during this period in Damascus would appreciate the inclination of the Arab people to Nazism, for Nazism was the power which could serve as its champion” (26). Al-Jundi also confessed that “we were racist, admiring Nazism, reading its books and the sources of its thought, particularly Nietzsche, Fichte, and H. S. Chamberlain” (25).


How many people know that Arab delegations and senior political figures were invited to the annual Nazi rallies in Nuremberg during the 1930s? Such details are not simply random anecdotes from the remote past. Indeed, in his new book Jihad and Jew-Hatred, German scholar Matthias Küntzel argues that the origins of the Islamist terror of recent years, which culminated in the attacks on the United States on 11 September 2001, and of the radical anti-Semitic ideologies of Hamas, Hizballah, Iran, the Palestine Covenant, and al-Qaeda, lie in the lethal link between Islamism and Nazism.
http://www.jcpa.org/JCPA/Templates/ShowPage.asp?DRIT=3&DBID=1&LNGID=1&TMID=111&FID=253&PID=0&IID=2330&TTL=Amnon_Lord_on_Jihad_and_Jew-Hatred:__Islamism,_Nazism,_and_the_Roots_of_9/11,_by_Matthias_K%C3%BCntzel


The Nazi-Islamist Connection – Herbert Eiteneier, JCPA


Palestinian maps, including in textbooks, do not show Israel at all; Palestinian sources omit the Mufti’s role in Nazism and deny the Holocaust, …

http://www.jcpa.org/phas/phas-eiteneier-s06.htm


Der Spiegel, 05/23/2007

World War II
New Research Taints Image of Desert Fox Rommel

By Jan Friedmann

Arabs Shouted “Heil Rommel”



Hitler was celebrated in large parts of the Arab world, and some newspapers even likened him to the Prophet. The Desert Fox was almost as popular as Hitler. “Heil Rommel” was a common greeting in Arab countries.



Many Arabs thought the Germans would free them from the rule of the old colonial powers France and Britain. Hitler had shown how to burst the shackles of the Treaty of Versailles. After Germany defeated France in 1940, chants against the French and British echoed around the streets of Damascus: “No more Monsieur, no more Mister, Allah’s in Heaven and Hitler’s on earth.”



Adolf Hitler assured the exiled Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Muhammad Amin al-Husseini, at a meeting in Berlin in November 1941 that his goal was the “destruction of Jewry living in Arabia.” The Führer had racist objections to Arabs as well, though. He declined to shake the Mufti’s hand and refused to drink coffee with him.



Hitler nevertheless provided the Mufti, who later sponsored Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat, with a budget of 750,000 Reichsmark per month to foment Jihad in Palestine. In an example of ideological flexibility, the SS even recruited Muslim volunteers and declared that the Muslims living in the Balkans belonged to the “racially valuable” peoples of Europe.

http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/0,1518,484510,00.html

Indigenous Indians: Agastya to Ambedkar, by Koenraad Elst, [Voice of India] 1993, 483 pages, Page 353 [8185990042, 9788185990040]



Young Fidel Castro would imitate Mussolini in front of the mirror. The secularist Baath Party in Syria and Iraq was modelled on Mussolini’s Fascist Party. The Iranian Shah Reza Pahlevi was an open admirer of Hitler (for which he was forced by the British to abdicate in favour of his son).

nbsp;The Muslims in particular were enthusiastic. …Muslim nations rallied to ally with Hitler: the Bosnian Muslims, the Kalmuks, the Chechen and Ingosh, the Balkans, the Meshkets, and the Krim Tatars. In West Asia, prominant leaders like the Druze leader Shakib Arslan (Walid Jumblatt’s father) and the Mufti of Jerusalem allied themselves with Hitler.

http://books.google.com/books?id=exVuAAAAMAAJ&q=Muslims


The war aims and strategies of Adolf Hitler – Page 161 – Oscar Pinkus – 2005 – 537 pages



The sympathies for Hitler extended all the way from the Islamic Bosnians and Albanians in Europe to the Arab countries in Africa and…

http://books.google.com/books?id=gPnjXC1lEJ8C&pg=PA161


Jihad and Jew-hatred: Islamism, Nazism and the roots of 9/11 – Pages 10-11 – Matthias Küntzel – 2007 – 180 pages


Male supremacy, sexual repression, the celebration of jihad and the glorification of a martyr’s death in war with unbelievers (al-Banna celebrated “the art of death”) and hatred of the Jews all created points of commonality with fascism and Nazism…

http://books.google.com/books?id=q9Y8E-AYVeoC&pg=PR10





Pan-Arabism & Nazism

Arab-Jewish relations: from conflict to resolution? : essays in honour of Moshe Ma’oz, Elie Podeh, Asher Kaufman – [Sussex Academic Press] 2005 [ISBN 1903900689, 9781903900680] – Page 136



King Faysal I was far as can be imagined from anti-Semitism…. Faysal was highly popular with Jews, who saw in him their protector. But soon after King Ghazi (1933-39) took over things deteriorated. The young king, while not explicitly ant-Semitic, moved very close to radical pan-Arab and pro-Nazi circles. At least two of the royal family’s members outdid even the Nazi senior representative in Baghdad, …

http://books.google.com/books?id=MOzJeyjF2_UC&pg=PA136


Independent Iraq, 1932-1958: a study in Iraqi politics – Majid Khadduri – 1960 – 388 pages – Page 240


They held a conference late in October in which it was decided that their struggle to achieve the pan-Arab mission should be continued in collaboration with the Axis Powers

http://books.google.com/books?&id=uh4xAAAAIAAJ&dq=common+enemy


The Nazi Connection to Islamic Terrorism: Adolf Hitler and Haj Amin Al-Husseini By Chuck Morse – Page 28 – 2003 – 186 pages


The pan-Arabist seeks a world empire based on the Islamic faith with the Arab language and culture serving as the centerpiece. Likewise, the Nazi pan-Aryan sought a world empire with a mystical concept of the Germanic race serving as

http://books.google.com/books?id=HGkthBwbNg8C&pg=PA16





Among the many various Arab pro-Nazi, fascist groups

  • The Iron Shirts (led by Fakhri al-Barudi of the National Bloc).
  • The League for National Action (headed by Abdu al-Huda al-Yab, Dr. Zaki al-Jabi and others).
  • The An-Nadi al-Arabi Club of Damascus (headed by Dr. Said Abd Al-Fattah al-Imam).
  • The Councils for the Defense of Arab Palestine (head by well known pro-Nazi leaders, such as Nabi al-Azmah, Adil Arslan and others)
  • The Syrian People’s Party.
  • The Istiqlal.
  • The Muthana Club.
  • Moslem Guidance Society.
  • The Palestine Defense Society.
  • The Tajaddad Club.
  • The Arab Rover Society.
  • Arab High Committee (Haj Amin el Husseini’s).
  • Najjada [Najjadah] in Lebanon (pan-Islamic, pan-Arab).
  • The Futuwwah in Iraq (Hitler-youth type).
  • The Blue Shirts and Green Shirts in Egypt.
  • League of National Action.
  • The Lion Cubs of Arabism.
  • The Syrian Social Nationalist Party (led by Antun Sa’ada with Nazi imitated symbols and hymm of ‘Syria, Syria Uber alles).
  • The Arab Club.
  • The Steel Shirts.
  • The early Ba’ath movement.
  • The Kalmuks.
  • The Chechens.
  • The Ingosh.
  • Balkans.
  • The Meshkets.
  • The Krim Tatars
  • The White Shirts (in Lebanon).

The Arab war effort: a documented account By American Christian Palestine Committee, 1946, p. 7

IN SYRIA AND THE LEBANON connections between certain groups of Syrian leaders and the Axis States were of long standing…. the Iron Shirts (led by Fakhri al-Barudi of the National Bloc, still a member of the Syrian parliament in 1946); the League for National Action (headed by Abdu al-Huda al-Yab, Dr. Zaki al-Jabi and others); the An-Nadi al-Arabi Club of Damascus (headed by Dr. Said Abd Al-Fattah al-Imam); the Councils for the Defense of Arab Palestine (head by well known pro-Nazi leaders, such as Nabi al-Azmah, Adil Arslan and others); the Syrian People’s Party…

http://books.google.com/books?&id=fxzPAAAAMAAJ&dq=well+known+pro-Nazi

page 33

With the stimulus that the ex-Mufti exerted and with the German armies sweeping victoriously over the Continent of Europe, the Muthana Club, Moslem Guidance Society, the Palestine Defense Society, the Tajaddad Club, and the Arab Rover Society, to quote the names of but a few bodies and societies, intensified their pro-Nazi subversive activities in the hopes that by so doing they would eventually, through enemy assistance, realize their Pan-Arab aspirations.
http://books.google.com/books?id=KGMZAAAAIAAJ&dq=defense+of+palestine

Die Welt des Islams, 1985, [Wild, Stefan. “National Socialism in the Arab near East between 1933 and 1939.”] p. 127

In the following section I shall describe five parties and movements in the Arab word which to a greater or lesser degree had taken over certain elements of National Socialism or Fascism, namely the Baath (Ba’th)- Party, the Syrian Socialist Nationalist Party, the Kataeb (katd’ib), Young Egypt (Misr al-Fatdh) and the Futuwwa. I shall then concentrate briefly on ideological factors like the influence of Friedrich Nietzsche, the concept of the “strong nation”, racialism and European antisemitism.
http://books.google.com/books?&id=bQcsAAAAIAAJ&dq=five+parties
[PDF] http://www.tcd.ie/history//undergraduate/pdf/bwwii/jstorarticles/Stefan%20Wild%20National%20Socialims%20in%20the%20Arab%20Middle%20East%201933%201939.pdf


Letter to an Arab friend By André Chouraqui, Univ of Massachusetts Press, 1972

In 1936… That year an Arab High Committee was formed in the month of April and was presidedover by the mufti, Hadz Amin el Husseini. It included the most reactionary elements of the Arab world and enleashed a revolt which transformed Palestine into a stronghold occupied by more than twenty thousand British soldiers. These Arab elements had been inspired by Fascists and Nazis, a fact since established by the publication of the secret Wilhemstrasse Archives. The Arab High Committee had receieved the financial support of the Nazis and Fascists who financed the revolt, with the Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin el Husseini, acting as intermediary. Hitler and his police achieved in Palestine what they had attempted throughout the Arab world (against the Jews)

http://books.google.com/books?id=l6FoAeIPcuEC&pg=PA108


Confronting fascism in Egypt: dictatorship versus democracy in the 1930s – Page 273 – I. Gershoni, James P. Jankowski – 2009 – 344 pages



The activities of the radical youth organization al-Futuwwa are considered a a manifestation of Nazi youth indoctrination practices, and speeches supporting Nazism delivered in Baghdad’s Pan-Arab al- Muthanna Club perceived as reflecting popular support for Nazi Germany among the Iraqi effendiyya.

In Syria, studies analyzing the process of radicalization in the 1930s often highlight pro-fascist tendencies among various newly created nationalist [p. 274] organizations. These tendencies are seen as having manifested themselves particularly in the mushrooming of new radical youth organizations such as the League of National Action, the Lion Cubs of Arabism, the Syrian Social Nationalist Party led ny Antun Sa’ada, the Arab Club, the Steel Shirts, the early Ba’ath movement, and various radical Islamic organizations. In Lebanon, the White Shirts, the najjada…

http://books.google.com/books?id=Aukt0sWDJcsC&pg=PA273

Del fuego: Sephardim and the Holocaust – Solomon Gaon, M. Mitchell Serels – 1995 – 258 pages [Page 114] Publisher Sepher-Hermon Press, 1995 [ISBN 0872031438, 9780872031432

…in Syria and Lebanon, we found for example the Iron Shirts, the League of National Action, the Ah-Nadi al-Arabi Club of Damascus, the Councils for the Defense of Arab Palestine, headed at the time by the well known pro-Nazi leaders such as NabichAl-Azma and Adil Arslan. There was the Syrian Popular Party which was led at the time by a well known Fascist, Anton Saade. He escaped during the war to Germany, and from there with the help of …the principal party is Syria and more particularly the Istiqlal group headed by Shukri al…

http://books.google.com/books?id=3rMWAQAAIAAJ&q=arslan

Cuadernos de historia mundial: : Volume 5, Issue 1 – International Commission for a History of the Scientific and Cultural Development of Mankind, 1959, p. 240

The years of the Second World War saw the struggle of democracy against Nazi-Fascist totalitarianism, with Arab sympathies tipped in favour of the latter, not because of any …The National Syrian Party in Syria and Lebanon, the Kata’ib al-Lubnaniyyah (The Lebanese Phalanges), and the Najjadah in Lebanon, the Futuwwah in Iraq, and the Blue Shirts and Green Shirts in Egypt, were among the most conspicuous of these organizations–all appeared in the fourth decade of the century. The peninsula continued to be isolated and immune to such currents, though enjoying its own theocratic totalitarianism, Islam.

http://books.google.com/books?&id=BrcfAQAAIAAJ&dq=najjadah

(Cahiers d’histoire mondiale: Journal of world history. Cuadernos de historia mundial. v.1-14; juil. 1953-1972, Volume 5, Author: Unesco
Publisher: Éditions de la Baconnière, 1959, p. 240


http://books.google.com/books?&id=VvwIAQAAIAAJ&q=futuwwah

Studies in Asian history: proceedings
Author: Indian Council for Cultural Relations
Publisher: Asia Pub. House [for] Indian Council for Cultural Relations, 1969,
p. 412


http://books.google.com/books?id=2lrRAAAAMAAJ&q=nazi)

A History of Fascism, 1914-1945 – by Stanley G. Payne – 1996, p.
352


The Fascist regime had him proclaimed a “hero of Islam” and “defender of Islam” in Italian Libya, where a parallel Libyan Arab Fascist Party was created.
If Mussolini supported Zionists to some extent as a lever against the British Empire, both he and Hitler subsidized Haj Amin el Husseini, the violently anti-Jewish grand mufti of Jerusalem. Anti-Jewish feeling mounted in parts of
the Middle East during the 1930s, as the Fascist and Nazi regimes and doctrines made increasing sense to many Arab nationalists. King Abdul Aziz of Saudi Arabia sought German arms and contacts and was favorably received. Various delegations
of Syrians and Iraqis attended the Niirnberg party congresses, and there were several different Arabic translations of Mein Kampf. Both the German and Italian regimes were active in propaganda in the Arab world, and there was much pro-German sentiment in Egypt. At least seven different Arab nationalist groups had developed shirt movements by 1939 (white, gray, and iron in Syria; blue and
green in Egypt; … Syrian… Iraqi Futuwa… Young Egypt Movement … all three were territorially expansionist, with Sami Shawkat, the Futuwa ideologue, envisioning the “Arab nation” as eventually covering half the globe (though by
vonversion…
http://books.google.com/books?id=NLiFIEdI1V4C&pg=PA352





Ironically, Arabs, or even Slavic-Muslims were considered “inferior” to Nazi Aryans


The Mufti of Jerusalem: Haj Amin al-Husseini and the Palestinian National Movement, by Philip Mattar, [Columbia University Press] 1992



…Nazis viewed the Arabs with contempt. Arabs in Germany received the discriminatory treatment consistent with Nazi racial theories…

http://books.google.com/books?id=XH8qTS5xNUIC&pg=PA100

War aims in the second world war: the war aims of the major belligerents, 1939-45, by Victor Rothwell, Edinburgh University Press, 2005
[ISBN 0748615032, 9780748615032, 244 pages] p. 41


… However, the Nazis were clear in their minds that the Arabs were racially inferior, and there would, therefore, be no pleasure to be had from helping them in anything except for the extermination of Jews in their region.
http://books.google.com/books?id=XfgLbSc94MEC&pg=PA41

SS: Hell on the Western Front – Page 70 – Chris Bishop, Michael Williams – 2003 – 192 pages



On the face of it, Slavic Muslims from southern Europe did not fit too well into the Nazi racial ideology of the Master Race. However, as so often happened, Himmler came up with his own crackpot theories to make them acceptable. Bosnian …

http://books.google.com/books?id=iqWZov065T4C&pg=PA70


Arafat: in the eyes of the beholder – Janet Wallach, John Wallach – [Carol Pub. Group] 1997 – 534 pages – Page 66



The Nazis showed great contempt for the dark-skinned Arabs, even calling them a lower form of life; Adolph Hitler had gone so far as to describe the Arabs as “half apes.”
http://books.google.com/books?&id=_ZrtAAAAMAAJ&q=APES





Arab Nazi Parties

Jamal Husseini



Highlights:



* Arab Nazi movements all over the Middle East.



* Istiqlal movement pushing for Nazi style youth organizations.



* Arab activists of Iraq (like: Abdul Ghaffur el-Bedri, publisher of the newspaper Istiqlal), Palestine (represented by Joseph Francis of the al-Ahram) attempt to found ‘Arab Nazi Parties’ – first rejected by the German Nazis.



* Establishing of the Palestine ‘Arab Nazi Party.’ Jamal Husseini.

The Nazi ‘Hitler youth’ modelled “Futuwwa” in Palestine ‘Nazi Scouts.’




Middle Eastern Myths – “The Myth of Yasser Arafat” by Dr. Richard Booker


During the war, Arab Nazi parties were founded throughout the Middle East.
http://www.rbooker.com/articles/TheMythofYasserArafat.PDF


First things: Issues 154-158, Institute on Religion and Public Life – 2005 – [Page 14]



Several of the Arab political parties founded during the 1930s were modeled after the Nazi party, including the Syrian Popular Party and the Young Egypt Society, which were explicitly anti-Semitic in their ideology and programs. …

http://books.google.com/books?id=4-gnAAAAYAAJ&q=modeled

The third Reich & the Palestine question,” Francis R. Nicosia, Transaction Publishers, 2000, pages 90-91


[page 90]

After 1933, there were attempts in the Arab world to establish political parties based on Fascist or Nationa Socialist principles and organization. Both [German representatives: Fritz] Grobba and [Heinrich] Wolf were approached in 1933 by individuals with plans to create National Socialist parties in Iraq and Palestine, respectively. The Palestine correspondent of the news-paper Al-Ahram, Joseph Francis, represented a group of Palestinian Arabs who were interested in establishing such a party. Francis wrote to Wolf in April, 1933, requesting the help of the Consulate-General in this endeavor. In Baghdad, a similar overture was made to Fritz Grobba by Abdul Ghaffur el-Bedri, publisher of the newspaper Istiqlal, and a group of his supporters, Wolf’s strong opposition to any sort of German encouragement or support for an Arab Nazi party in Palestine was conveyed in a note to the Foreign Office in Berlin in June, 1933,… In Berlin, the Foreign Office concurred with Wolf’s opposition to Arab efforts to involve Germany in the creation of an Arab National party in Palestine… provided the rationale behind the instructions issued to Wolf on the matter…

The objections that Herr Wolf has raised against the promotion of an Arab National Socialist movement by official German representatives are fully supported here. Given the notorious political unreliablity of the Arabs”

[page 91]

Wolf was instructed to discourage contact between pro-Nazi Arabs and the various Ortsgruppen [local branches] of the NSDAP in Palestine, to which many Palastinadeutche were beginning to flock…

http://books.google.com/books?id=8X2G1G_jD-4C&pg=PA90&lpg=PA90

The PLO: the rise and fall of the Palestine Liberation Organization, Volume 1984, Part 2
Jillian Becker, [Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1984] Page 19




In March 1935 the Husseinis also formed a party, called the Palestinian Arab Party.
It was, as its president Jamal Husseini freely boasted, inspired by German Nazism. It included a ‘youth troop’, modelled on the Hitler Youth, for a while actually called the ‘Nazi Scouts‘.

http://books.google.com/books?cd=1&id=H7BtAAAAMAAJ&dq=jamal+husseini

http://books.google.com/books?cd=1&id=H7BtAAAAMAAJ&dq=Nazi+Scouts

The case for Israel – Alan M. Dershowitz – [John Wiley and Sons] 2003 – Biography & Autobiography – 264 pages – Page 54


… Husseini organized the “Nazi Scouts,” based on the “Hitler Youth …

http://books.google.com/books?id=Dunx_i1P6fMC&pg=PA54


Righteous victims: a history of the Zionist-Arab conflict, 1881-1999 – Page 124 – Benny Morris – [Random House, Inc] 1999 – 751 pages


… the Husseinis in March 1935 formed the Palestinian Arab Party, whose platform for resistance to the establishment of a Jewish National Home. It set up its own youth corps. al-Futuwwa (the name of an association of Arab knights during the Middle Ages). which resembled Germany’s Hitler Youth and was officially designated the “Nazi Scouts.” At Ihe founding meeting 011 February 11, 1936, Jamal al- Husseini, a principal aide of Hajj Amin, declared that Hitler had stalled out with only six followers and now had sixty million. The fisrt seventy al-Futuwwa recruits took the following oath: “Life — my right: independence — my aspiration: Arabism — my principle: Palestine — my country, and there is no room in it for any but Arabs. In this I believe and Allah is my witness.”
The Husseini-Nazi connection… through the 1930s and early 1940s.

http://books.google.com/books?id=jGtVsBne7PgC&pg=PA124


Armies of the young: child soldiers in war and terrorism By David M. Rosen, page 106

…The shrill calls to take up extremist politics invoked a symbolism that glorified youth, violence, and death. By 1936 Al Difaa, the paper of the Istiqlal movement and the most widely read paper in the Arab community, proclaimed, in clearly fascist tones, that “youth must go out to the field of battle as soldiers of the Fatherland.” Others argued that the “Land is in need of a youth, healthy in body and soul like Nazi youth in Germany and the fascist youth in Italy which stands ready for the orders of its leaders and ready to sacrifice its life for the honor of its people and freedom of its fatherland.”


…Nationalist rhetoric accompanied major efforts to build fascist-style youth organizations by recruiting young men to serve as the strike force of the nationalist movement. Throughout the 1930s the children of wealthy Palestinians returned home from European universities having witnessed the emergence of fascist paramilitary forces. Palestinian students educated in Germany returned to Palestine determined to found the Arab Nazi Party. The Husseinis used the Palestinian Arab Party to establish the al-Futuwwa youth corps, which was named after an association of Arab Nazi Scouts. By 1936 the Palestinian Arab Party was sponsoring the developments of storm troops patterned on the German model. These storm troops, all children and youth, were to be outfitted in black trousers and red shirts… The young recruits took the following oath: “Life — my right; independence — my aspiration; Arabism — my country, and there is no room in it for any but Arabs. In this I believe and Allah is my witness.”
[…]
The al-Futuwwa youth groups connected Palestinian youth to fascist youth movements elsewhere in the Middle East. While the Mufti was establishing youth groups in Palestine, al-Futuwwa groups were established in Iraq.
http://books.google.com/books?id=zQYQ0tho6mAC&pg=PA106


The PLO: the rise and fall of the Palestine Liberation Organization, Volume 1984, Part 2
Jillian Becker, [Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1984] Pages 29, 293




[p. 29]

…movement in Palestine, the ‘Army of Salvation’ and a paramilitary youth organization, ostensibly a scout movement, called Futuwwah.
[p. 293]

Futuwwah (Mufti movement)

http://books.google.com/books?cd=1&id=H7BtAAAAMAAJ&dq=futuwwah

The birth of the Palestinian refugee problem revisited, Benny Morris, Cambridge University Press, 2004, p. 28



More important in ‘militarization’ of Arab Palestine was the establishment by the Hussenis of the Futuwa (youth companies), in which youngsters were trained in military drill and the use of weapons. The movement, modelled after the Nazi youth organizations…

http://books.google.com/books?id=uM_kFX6edX8C&pg=PA28


A durable peace: Israel and its place among the nations, Binyamin Netanyahu, 2000, p. 209


during this period in Damascus would appreciate the inclination of the Arab people to Nazism, for Nazism was the power …In Palestine the Mufti’s clan founded the Palestinian Arab Party, which party leader Jamal Husseini asserted was based on the Nazi model..

http://books.google.com/books?id=sj5DqVLshOUC&pg=PA209

History Upside Down: The Roots of Palestinian Fascism and the Myth of Israeli Aggression, by David Meir-Levi, 2010 [ISBN 1458766667, 9781458766663], p. 8


In the early 1930s, as many Arabs in British Mandatory Palestine looked toward an alliance with Hitler as leverage against Britain, al-Husseini … The youth organization established by the mufti used Nazi emblems, names, and uniforms. Germany reciprocated by setting up scholarships for Arab students, hiring Arab apprentices at German firms, and inviting Arab political leaders to the Nuremberg party rallies and Arab military leaders to Wehrmacht maneuvers.
http://books.google.com/books?id=nJSd7fZ-GhYC&pg=PA8

The Nazi Connection to Islamic Terrorism: Adolf Hitler and Haj Amin Al-Husseini By Chuck Morse – Page 28 – 2003 – 186 pages


Al- Husseini’s own Palestine Arab Party stood for the expulsion of all Jewish settlers and an independent Arab … efforts to assist in the development of what would become distinctly Nazi-Arab style organizations and political parties…

http://books.google.com/books?id=HGkthBwbNg8C&pg=PA28




Grand Mufti – Hajj Muhammad Amin al-Husseini

(Hajj Amin al-Husayni)




Highlights:



* Meeting with Hitler (November 1941).



* Main link between Nazis and the Arab world.



* Attempted the fusion of ‘Islamism & Nazism.’



* The ‘Fuhrer of the Arab world.’



* Pushing for Genocide, even intervened to reroute children heading to Palestine, which were sent to the gas chambers instead.



* Instigating anti-British violence in Palestine and anti-Jewish violence in: Palestine, Iraq.



* His mixed Anti-Semitic Quran speeches made his: most popular radio station in the Arab world.



* Set up the ‘Arab Legion.’



* Recruited SS Muslim-Nazi units.



* Nazi aid to his activities in Palestine – close Palestinian-Arab Nazi ties.



* His holy war, Jihad against: Great Britain, the United States, the Jews, and the West.



* Proclaimed Iraq’s declaration of war in May 1941, a jihad.



* An already de-facto pan-Arab, pan-Islamic leader & appointed by the Nazis the titular of Nazi pan-Arab leader. He aimes for an all out ‘pan-Arab empire’ under his leadership, leading to a future Caliphate.



* Urged the Nazis to bomb Tel Aviv & Jerusalem (but was turned down).



* Tighten ties with his Nazi allies even at the last months of the war, when these were already failing.



* Among his Arab “partners in crime”: Emil Ghouri, Wasef Kamal, Rasem Khalidi, Jamal Husseini and Rashid Ali al-Gailani.



* His immense influence even after the war, the ‘Arab Higher Committee.’ The ‘Arab League.’



* His radical Islamic hatred legacy till today & the foundation of the Middle East conflict.




Icon of Evil: Hitler’s Mufti and the Rise of Radical Islam, David Dalin, John Rothmann, Alan Dershowitz

A chilling, fascinating, and nearly forgotten historical figure is resurrected in this riveting work that links the fascism of the last century with the terrorism of our own. Written with vigor and extraordinary access to primary sources in several languages, Icon of Evil is the definitive account of the man who, during World War II, was called “the fuhrer of the Arab world” and whose ugly legacy lives on today. With new and disturbing details, David G. Dalin and John F. Rothmann show how al -Husseini ingratiated himself with his hero, Adolf Hitler, becoming, with his blond hair and blue eyes, an “honorary Aryan” while dreaming of being installed as Nazi leader of the Middle East. Al-Husseini would later recruit more than 100,000 Muslims in Europe to fight in divisions of the Waffen-SS, and obstruct negotiations with the Allies that might have allowed four thousand Jewish children to escape to Palestine. Some believe that al-Husseini even inspired Hitler to implement the Final Solution. At wars end, al-Husseini escaped indictment at Nuremberg and was harbored in France. Icon of Evil chronicles al-Husseinis postwar relationships with such influential Islamic figures as the radical theoretician Sayyid Qutb and Saddam Husseins powerful uncle General Khairallah Talfah and his crucial mentoring of the young Yasser Ararat. Finally, it provides compelling evidence that al-Husseinis actions and writings serve as inspirations today to the leaders of Hamas, Hezbollah, and other terrorist organizations pledged to destroy Israel and the United States.
http://books.google.com/books?id=QMts5Z36kjAC


p. 131

During the 1920 and 1930s. Haj Amin al-Husseini was one of the first radical Islamic leaders to issue fatwas, or religious rulings, calling for jihad, or holy war, against Great Britain, the United States, the Jews, and the West. Since Workd War I, during which al-Husseini served as an officer in the Ottoman Turkish army, the fatwa was served as a major instrument by which Islamic religious leaders have impelled their followers to engage in acts of jihad, which invariably involved acts of violence and terrorism.
http://books.google.com/books?id=QMts5Z36kjAC&pg=PA131


Wolfgang G. Schwanitz on Nazism in Syria and Lebanon. The Ambivalence of the German Option, 1933-194 by Dr. Wolfgang G. Schwanitz [JCPA, December 2009]



Amin al-Husaini tried to synthesize Nazism and Islamism. …

http://www.jcpa.org/JCPA/Templates/ShowPage.asp?DBID=1&TMID=111&LNGID=1&FID=388&PID=0&IID=3235


“The Mufti of Berlin
Arab-Nazi collaboration is a taboo topic in the West”, Daniel Schwammenthal, Wall Street Jounal, September 24, 2009




…the Palestinian wartime leader “was one of the worst and fanatical fascists and anti-Semites,” …. He intervened with the Nazis to prevent the escape to Palestine of thousands of European Jews, who were sent instead to the death camps. He also conspired with the Nazis to bring the Holocaust to Palestine. The mufti “invented a new form of Jew-hatred by recasting it in an Islamic mold,” according to German scholar Matthias Küntzel. The mufti’s fusion of European anti-Semtism—particularly the genocidal variety—with Koranic views of Jewish wickedness has become the hallmark of Islamists world-wide, from al Qaeda to Hamas and Hezbollah. During his time in Berlin, the mufti ran the Nazis’ Arab-language propaganda radio program, which incited Muslims in the Mideast to “kill the Jews wherever you find them. This pleases God, history and religion.” Among the many listeners was also the man later known as Ayatollah Khomeini, who used to tune in to Radio Berlin every evening, according to Amir Taheri’s biography of the Iranian leader. Khomeini’s disciple Mahmoud Ahmadinejad still spews the same venom pioneered by the mufti as do Islamic hate preachers around the world.

Muslim Judeophobia is not—as is commonly claimed—a reaction to the Mideast conflict but one of its main “root causes.” It has been fueling Arab rejection of a Jewish state long before Israel’s creation.

http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970203440104574400532495168894.html


Global Issues: Selections From CQ Researcher – Page 158 – CQ Researcher – [Pine Forge Press] 2009
[ISBN 1412980372, 9781412980371] – 368 pages



The Mufti fled Palestine in 1938 to avoid arrest by the British for his part in the Arab revolt. He spent most of the war in Berlin, recruiting Bosnian Muslims for the SS, the semi-military Nazi organization that oversaw Hitler’s extermination of the Jews. From 1939 to 1945, the Mufti’s Arabic radio broadcasts, which mixed anti-Semitic propaganda with quotes from the Koran, made his station the most popular in the Arab world.
[…]
In 1943, as a propaganda stunt, SS leader Heinrich Himmler wanted to permit 5,000 Jewish children to emigrate to Palestine, in exchange for 20,000 German prisoners. The mufti fought against the plan, and the children were sent to the gas chambers. The Nazis funded the burgeoning growth of Muslim fundamentalism, helping the radical Muslim Brotherhood distribute Arabic translations of Mein Kampf, …

http://books.google.com/books?id=6HPB3DlB-m8C&pg=PA158


A history of the Middle East, Saul S. Friedman [McFarland] 2006 [ISBN 0786423560, 9780786423569] pp. 241-3



[p. 241]

In January 1941, the mufti assured the “great Fuhrer” of the “friendship and admiration” of the Arab people. As he put it, Arab people everywhere were prepared to act as is proper against the common enemy… Haj Amin was receptive to Hitler’s offer in March 1941 of a German volunteer legion that would be parachuted into Iraq. He proclaimed Iraq’s declaration of war in May 1941, a jihad. And when that revolt was snuffed, the mufti incited a pogrom in Baghdad that left 110 Jews dead.


[p. 242]

After the failure of the Gailani coup, the Mufti fled to Iran, where he encouraged Reza Khan to oppose the British and Russians. When the allies jointly occupied Persia in August 1941, he fled to Italy, claiming that he had no place else to go. On November 20, the mufti was granted a 90-minute audience with Adolf Hitler at the latter’s Wilhelmstrasse residence. He sought a blessing from the Nazi leader for the creation of a proposed Arab state. Hitler replied it was premature…


  For the duration of the war, the mufti was housed in two elegant villas and subsidized to the sum of 75000 marks per month for heading a special Buro des Grosmufti. Its threefold function: (a) espionage (training of saboteurs), (b) propaganda (public broadcasts on Muslim holy days), and (c) recruitment of 500000 troops for the Waffen SS. Although the numbers never reached such size, dozens of his recruits were charged as war criminals in Bosnia, Croatia, Serbia and Lithuania.
[..]

Haj Amin told one Nazi official: “The Jewish national home must disappear and the Jews get out. They are free to go to Hell.”
[…]

Whenever one of Hitler’s puppets contemplated negotiation with the Allies to rescue Jews, the Mufti presented a stumpling block…
Thus, when King Boris indicated a willingness release 4000 Jewish children for Palestine in May 1943, the mufti protested that the children “present a degree of danger…” Later that month, the mufti reacted against a proposal… that would have permitted 80,000 Jews to flee Romania..



[p. 243]


At a time when the Nazis were transporting Jews to killing centers in Poland, Haj Amin declared, “The Arab nation awaits the solution of the world Jewish problem by its friends, the Axis powers.” He knew what the Nazis mean by Endlosung.
As Dieter von Wisliceny, one of Adolf Eichmann’s aides, reported: “The grand mufti has repeatedly suggested to the Nazi authorities, including Hitler, Ribbentrop, and Himmler the extermination of European Jewry… Even as the military situation deteriorated for Germany in the last 18 months of the war, the mufti found himself drawn closer to his Nazi associates… photographs with Himmler… pledged cooperation And he made it very clear that when the time was appropriate, he would call upon the “best saviour of the Arabs”—Adolph Eichmann—to apply his expertise in shuttling Jews to death camps. Eichmann had met the mufti in the Middle East in 1937 and later testified that he had instructed to open all field on Jewish Question to the affable Arabs….

http://books.google.com/books?id=LCNpmgDOYTwC&pg=PA241

A safe haven: Harry S. Truman and the founding of Israel – Page 213 – Allis Radosh, Ronald Radosh – [HarperCollins] 2009 [ISBN 0060594632, 9780060594633] – 428 pages


[p. 212]

When Kirchway learned that the U.S. delegation to the United Nations backed the British on giving a platform to the Arab Higher Committee, she immediately went into action. First, Kirchwey and the Nation Associates gave out a lengthy report on the pro- Axis activities of the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem to all fifty-five delegations to the United Nations. Most striking was the fact that it was based on classified U.S. government files… The Arab Higher Committee, the report charged, was the “creature of the Arab League” and was run from Egypt by the Mufti, Haj Amin al-Husseini. The committee’s members were not elected representatives but “nothing more . . . than a deal among leaders of the various Arab factions in Palestine—and the will of the grand Mufti.” Three members of the Palestine Arab Higher Committee who were delegates to the U.N. General Assemply, were called, in the Nation Associates report, men who ranked with the “worst of the Axis war criminals.”

… The accounts of the Mufti, Kirchway explained, was documented from captured files belonging to the mufti and the German High Command, all found by American military authorities in Germany.

Along with the report were documents and photos that substantiated the charge that the Mufti controlled and directed the Arab Higher Committee. Photos used showed the Mufti and the other Arab leaders with Adolf Hitler, Heinrich Himmler, and Dino Alfieri…

[p. 213]
Emil Ghouri, the head of the Arab delegation to UNSCOP, and delegates Wasef Kamal and Rasem Khalidi as “notorious for … association with the Mufti and his Axis activities.”

Mufti’s Jamal Husseini… had joined the Mufti in Iraq in 1939… organized a pro-Axis fifth column that led to the anti-British rebellion.

[…] In the Hague, Arab students were trained in explosives and parachuted into Turkey, Syria, and Iraq. Captured records also revealed that the Mufti had accompanied Adolf Eichmann to visit the gas chambers at Auschwitz. Moreover, the Mufti had put an end to negotiations being carried out to ransom Jews in Bratislava, insisting that they all be liquidated. A letter the Mufti had written to Heinrich Heinrich Himmler revealed the Mufti complaining that Joachim Ribbentrop and Himmler had been too lenient, since the had let some Jews leave Germany. “If such practices continue,” the Mufti was quoted as saying, “it would be incomprehensible to Arabs and Moslems

http://books.google.com/books?id=B3SmdKOSPQEC&pg=PA213


The record of collaboration of King Farouk of Egypt with the Nazis and their ally, the Mufti: the official Nazi records of the King’s alliance and of the Mufti’s plans for bombing Jerusalem and Tel Aviv ; memorandum submitted to the United Nations, June 1948 [Nation Associates (New York, N.Y.), United Nations, The Nation Associates, 1948]


PLANS FOR BOMBING JERUSALEM AND TEL AVIV MEMORANDUM SUBMITTED TO THE UNITED NATIONS JUNE 1948

Mufti Urged Nazis to Bomb Jerusalem and Tel Aviv While the …
revealed in a number of secret documents found by the Allies Armies in Germany…
Thus, according to one of these documents, a secret report of the German Air Force Command, dated October 29, 1943, revealed that the Mufti for the past six months had been proposing an attack… “…any attack must be carried out with a very large force in order to have a lasting effect.” But Fieldmarshal Goering was obliged to turn down…
Apparently the Mufti did not rest…

http://books.google.com/books?&id=tdhmAAAAMAAJ&dq=TEL+AVIV

http://books.google.com/books?&id=tdhmAAAAMAAJ&dq=Goering

Icon of evil: Hitler’s mufti and the rise of radical Islam – David G. Dalin, John F. Rothmann, 2008, p. 170

http://books.google.com/books?id=_-IbsuxSQxcC&pg=PA170

A Diary of Four Years of Terrorism and Anti-Semitism [iUniverse
ISBN 0595793002, 9780595793006] – Page 209



One of Mr. Arafat’s personal heroes, the Grand Mufti Haj Amin al-Husseini, visited Auschwitz and reproached the Germans for not being more determined in exterminating the Jews. In 1985, Mr. Arafat paid the mufti homage, saying he was ‘proud to no end’ to be walking in his footsteps.
http://books.google.com/books?id=HSpmk7x0rbMC&pg=PA209


A history of the Holocaust – Saul S. Friedman – [Vallentine Mitchell] 2004 – 494 pages – Page 339


He considered this a comfortable solution to the Palestine problem. The Mufti was especially fond of Himmler, calling him ‘an understanding, great and energetic man’.50 In July 1944, when 400000 Hungarian Jews were being transported to Auschwitz, Haj Amin complained to Himmler that the Nazis were too lenient with the Jews. He asked that the German government make no more

http://books.google.com/books?id=4fwhAQAAIAAJ&q=mufti+himmler

Free Europe: Volume 6 – Free Europe, 1942 [Original from Indiana University] – Page 41



The Grand Mufti… He has met Hitler. Berlin nurses and spends lavishly on every kind of minority movement which can spread confusion and …the days of the Grand Mufti are not yet ended. he is cast for a leading role in the Nazi plans for the Middle East…. This is where the co-operation of Rashid Ali, ex-King Amanullah and the Mufti of Jerusalem is of vital importance …

http://books.google.com/books?id=pEHTAAAAMAAJ&q=met+hitler


Grand Mufti Haj Amin al-Husseini [Palestine Facts]

I heard him say, accompanied by Eichmann, he had visited incognito the gas chamber of Auschwitz…

http://www.palestinefacts.org/pf_mandate_grand_mufti.php

Antisemitism, a history portrayed, by Janrense Boonstra, Hans Jansen, Joke Kriesmeyer, Anne Frank Stichting [Anne Frank Foundation] 1989
[ISBN 9012062020, 9789012062022] p. 101



The Grand Mufti of Jerusalem In 1914, the periodical Falastin – with its extremist Arab nationalist slant – was abolished by the Ottoman authorities because of its racist hate propaganda.
http://books.google.com/books?id=mMEsAQAAIAAJ&q=1914


LIFE – Nov 8, 1937 – Page 104 – Vol. 3, No. 19 – 136 pages – Magazine – Full view


Chief Arab troublemaker (above, left) was the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin el Husseini, who played a two faced game with the British.

http://books.google.com/books?id=kD8EAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA104


Jihad and Jew-hatred: Islamism, Nazism and the roots of 9/11 – Page 11 – Matthias Küntzel – 2007 – 180 pages


and weapons to assist the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Amin el- Husseini and the “Arab revolt” of 1936-1939 in Palestine …

http://books.google.com/books?id=q9Y8E-AYVeoC&pg=PR11


Nazis ‘shipped arms to Palestinians’ – Israel News, Ynetnews May 7, 2006

Nazis ‘shipped arms to Palestinian
British National Archives unveil presence of Nazi S.S. agents in Mandatory Palestine, working closely with Palestinian leaders… The records also show that the news of increased Nazi-Arab cooperation panicked the British government, and caused it to cancel a plan in 1938 to bring to Palestine 20,000 German Jewish refugees, half of them children, facing danger from the Nazis.
http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3248081,00.html

The Nazi Connection to Islamic Terrorism: Adolf Hitler and Haj Amin Al-Husseini, Chuck Morse
iUniverse, 2003 – History – 186 pages



This is the remarkable story of Haj Amin al-Husseini, who was in many ways as big a Nazi villain as Hitler himself, and to understand his influence on the Middle East is to understand the ongoing genocidal program against the Jews of Israel. Al-Husseini was a bridge figure in terms of transporting the Nazi genocide in Europe into the post-war Middle East.

As the leader of Arab Palestine during the British Mandate period, al-Husseini introduced violence against moderate Arabs as well as against Jews. Al-Husseini met with Adolf Eichmann in Palestine in 1937 and subsequently went on the Nazi payroll as a Nazi agent.


Al-Husseini played a pivotal behind-the-scenes role in instigating a pro-Nazi coup in Iraq in 1941, in urging Nazi’s and pro-Nazi governments in Europe to transport Jews to death camps, in training pro-Nazi Bosnian brigades, and in funneling Nazi loot into post-war Arab countries.

http://books.google.com/books?id=HGkthBwbNg8C



The case for Israel – Alan M. Dershowitz – [John Wiley and Sons] 2003 – Biography & Autobiography – 264 pages


In August 1929, leaflets prepared by the mufti Haj Amin al-Husseini instructed Muslims to attack the Jews
http://books.google.com/books?id=Dunx_i1P6fMC&pg=PA42


Al-Husseini also helped incite the series of pogroms which lasted from 1936 to 1939, in which hundreds more Jews were killed 
http://tech.mit.edu/V123/N12/kraus12.12c.html



The Mufti of Jerusalem: Al-Hajj Amin al-Husayni and the Palestinian National Movement, Philip Mattar, Columbia University Press, 1992, p. 95


They were to go to Iraq, disguise themselves as Arabs, kidnap or kill the Mufti, and destroy oil installations. … Amir ‘Abdullah’s Arab Legion, and the Transjordanian Frontier Force (Arab troops recruited by the Palestine government ). In a desperate attempt, the Mufti issued a fatwa urging Arabs and Muslims to help Iraq free herself from British imperialism. The fatwa was the most anti- British statement he had ever made,

http://books.google.com/books?id=XH8qTS5xNUIC&pg=PA95


The Mufti’s Conversation with Hitler [JVL]

The Arab Legion would he quite easy to raise. An appeal by the Mufti to the Arab countries and the prisoners of Arab, Algerian, Tunisian, and Moroccan …

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/mufti2.html


A durable peace: Israel and its place among the nations – Page 20 – Binyamin Netanyahu – 2000 – 482 pages




Mufti… Husseini expressed his willingness to cooperate with Germany in every way, including the recruitment of an Arab Legion to fight for the Nazis. Hitler told the Mufti that the two of them shared the common goal of the destruction of Palestinian Jewry…

http://books.google.com/books?id=sj5DqVLshOUC&pg=PA209



Once the mufti relocated permanently to Berlin, where he established his own Reich-supported “bureau,” he was given airtime on Radio Berlin. From [[Berlin]] and other fascist capitals in Europe, the mufti continued to agitate for the destruction of international Jewry, as well as a pan-Arab and pan-Islamic alliance with the Nazi regime, he explained to the German ambassador, Ettel, his plan to bring all Arabs under the banner of Pan-Arabism over to the side of the Axis. (25 June 1942). Here he came out unconditionally for the “final solution” of the Jewish question,” calling on the Germans to wipe out all Jews, “not even sparing the children.” http://books.google.com/books?id=nvD2rZSVau4C&pg=PA497


Al-Husseini was welcomed into Baghdad with cheering crowds and he was hailed as a pan-Arab hero and as a defender of the faith with the same zeal that Hitler was being hailed at Nazi rallies. Upon his arrival, he immediately launched into political intrigue by organizing and effectively gaining control of the secretive pan-Arab and pro-Nazi Iraqi Arab National Party. The agenda of this party was to link up with likeminded groups in Syria, Transjordan, and cis-Jordan (Palestine) for the purpose of throwing out the colonial powers and forming an independent and United Ummah.
http://books.google.com/books?id=HGkthBwbNg8C&pg=PA49


After instigating a pogrom against Jews in Palestine in 1920, the first such pogrom against Jews in the Arab world in hundreds of years, he went on to inspire the development of pro-Nazi parties throughout the Arab world including Young Egypt, led by [[Gamal Abdul Nasser]], and the Social Nationalist Party of Syria led by Anton Sa’ada.
http://archive.newsmax.com/archives/articles/2003/2/20/145726.shtml


Jihad and Jew-hatred: Islamism, Nazism and the roots of 9/11 – Page 31 – Matthias Küntzel – [Telos Press Publishing] 2007 – 180 pages [ISBN 0914386360, 9780914386360] – Preview

“The Mufti himself,” wrote Klaus Gensicke in his seminal study, “acknowledged that at that time it was only due to the German funds he received that it had been possible to carry through the uprising in Palestine…” In addition, German weapons were sent through secret channels… In 1920, soon after his return to the mandate territory, he incited anti-Jewish riots in Jerusalem…
http://books.google.com/books?id=q9Y8E-AYVeoC&pg=PA31




Arab contemporaries: the role of personalities in politics
Majid Khadduri – [Johns Hopkins University Press] 1973 – 255 pages – Page 78




Even before he set foot in Axis lands, the Mufti was determined to play the leading role as spokesman for the Arab people. Both as a religious and Pan-Arab leader, he was very widely known in Arab and Islamic lands and had carried on …

http://books.google.com/books?&id=xIkLAAAAIAAJ&dq=set+foot


The Gramsci Factor: 59 Socialists in Congress – Page 113 – Chuck Morse – 2002 – 172 pages


The British backed a successful countercoup and the Mufti proceeded on to Berlin where he was appointed by the Nazi’s as titular head of a Nazi-pan Arab government in exile.
http://books.google.com/books?id=OvV69F3yLukC&pg=PA113


Yad Vashem studies, Issue 35, Part 1 By Yad ṿa-shem, rashut ha-zikaron la-Shoʼah ṿela-gevurah, p. 136


..the Mufti stressed that, “Arab interests are completely identical in thrust with those of the Germans.” […] the Grand Mufti in exile in Germany was not satisfied with mere rhetoric and antisemitic tirades. Rather, he continued to pursue the vision of the destruction of the Jews and the simultaneous creation of a pan-Arab empire under his leadership. This was to culminate in a new Caliphate, yet to be established.

http://books.google.com/books?id=JcDXaeukt4sC&pg=PA136


Hajj Amin al-Husayni: The Mufti of Jerusalem [United States Holocaust Memorial Museum]

Hajj Amin al-Husayni: The Mufti of Jerusalem Apr 1, 2010 … 1974) was the Mufti (chief Muslim Islamic legal religious authority) of … in Palestine; 3) promotion of himself as a pan-Arab and Muslim religious leader. … Hajj Amin al-Husayni: Arab Nationalist and Muslim Leader …
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007665


Future Jihad: Terrorist Strategies Against the West – Page 80 – Walid Phares – 2006 – 310 pages [isbn=1403975116]


“Jihadists and World War II”… While Nazi infidels were ultimately anathema to jihadists, the alliance answered all their practical needs at the moment.
http://books.google.com/books?id=VlUJdPp76dMC&pg=PA80
[p. 81]
“the Third Reich’s leading Muslim ally”
http://books.google.com/books?id=VlUJdPp76dMC&pg=PA81


Jihad and international security – Page 31 – Jalīl Rawshandil, Sharon Chadha – [Publisher Macmillan] 2006 – 235 pages – [ISBN 1403971927]


Jihad against Israel
Perhaps the longest-running jihad in today’s world is the struggle to reclaim Israel for the Muslims. During World War II, the highest ranking Islamic cleric of Jerusalem, the Grand Mufti… Hajj Amin el-Husseini.. …He also helped recruit Bosnian Muslims for the German SS116 and worked to prevent further immigration to Palestine thus ensuring that many Jews would end up in death camps instead. In 1948, a month before the Arab states declared …
http://books.google.com/books?id=J3jbvGFl39MC&pg=PA31


1948: a history of the first Arab-Israeli war – Benny Morris – 2008 – pAGE 21 – 524 pages


The exiled al-Husseini himself helped raise a brief anti-British revolt in Baghdad in spring 1941 and then fled to Berlin, where he served the Nazi regime for four years by broadcasting anti-British, jihadist propaganda to the Middle East and recruiting Bosnian Muslims for the Wehrmacht.
http://books.google.com/books?id=CC7381HrLqcC&pg=RA21


Icon of Evil: Hitler’s Mufti and the Rise of Radical Islam – Page 51 – David Dalin, John Rothmann, Alan Dershowitz – 2009 – 227 pages

On this visit to Auschwitz, al-Husseini reportedly urged the guards in charge of the chambers to be more diligent and efficient in their efforts…
http://books.google.com/books?id=QMts5Z36kjAC&pg=PA51


The legacy of Islamic antisemitism: from sacred texts to solemn history – Andrew G. Bostom – [Prometheus Books] 2008 – 766 pages – Page 94]


From this sanctuary, he provided active support for the Germans by recruiting Bosnian Muslims, in addition to Muslim minorities from the Caucasus, for dedicated Nazi SS units. The mufti’s objectives for these recruits — and Muslims …
http://books.google.com/books?&id=yIkQAQAAIAAJ&dq=sanctuary


The Gramsci Factor: 59 Socialists in Congress – Page 72 – Chuck Morse – 2002 – 172 pages

Adolf Eichmann actually visited Palestine and met Husseini at that time and subsequently maintained regular … Husseini recruited Bosnian Muslims in Nazi occupied Yugoslavia in his efforts to ethnically cleanse their country of Jews. …
http://books.google.com/books?id=OvV69F3yLukC&pg=PA72


Palestine, 1948: war, escape and the emergence of the Palestinian refugee problem
– Page 43 – Yoav Gelber – [Sussex Academic Press] 2006 – 436 pages



… who had refused to return to communist Poland; Bosnians who had served in the Nazi Muslim legion; Croat Ustasha and Serb Chetniks who had fled from Yugoslavia to Italy; and British defectors from the army and the Palestine police. …
http://books.google.com/books?id=UcSUgrDsD_sC&pg=PA43


Institute for Global Jewish Affairs – Global Antisemitism, Anti-Israelism, Jewish Studies  


The Mufti of Jerusalem


Haj-Amin el-Husseini and National-Socialism, by Jennie Lebel, translated by Paul Münch from Serbian, Belgrade: Čigoja štampa, 2007, 374 pp.
Reviewed by Wolfgang G. Schwanitz


Amin al-Husaini mixed the old traditional and the new racial hatred of Jews into a new ideology which served the totalitarian cause quite willingly.
For his part, the mufti said in 1961 that the Nazis needed no persuasion in their racism against Jews. But Hitler and the mufti influenced each other for the worse.
http://www.jcpa.org/JCPA/Templates/ShowPage.asp?DBID=1&LNGID=1&TMID=111&FID=624&PID=0&IID=2967



Genocide, critical issues of the Holocaust: a companion to the film, Genocide – Page 132 [ISBN 0940646048, 9780940646049] – Alex Grobman, Daniel Landes, Sybil Milton – [Behrman House, Inc] 1983 – 501 pages

Only the turning tide on the North African front rescued Tunisian Jews from annihilation. … From the mufti of Jerusalem to Anwar Sadat (then merely a junior cadet in Egypt), Muslims in the East regarded Germany with approval. …
http://books.google.com/books?id=8ppCqANI50UC&pg=PA132


The Holocaust conspiracy: an international policy of genocide – Page 235 – William R. Perl – [SP Books] 1989 [ISBN 0944007244, 9780944007242] – 261 pages

With Saudi Arabia in the forefront, the Arabs have repeatedly called for the destruction of the Jewish state. They have proclaimed the Jihad, Holy war, against Israel, the war which according to the Koran must end with the enemy’s total annihilation. In this endeavor the Arabs are making use of the methods applied by the Germans during the Holocaust as well as by directions resulting from their employment of former SS officials.
[…]
As we have stated before in this chapter, history must be viewed as a continuum. Such an unfortunate continuum regarding the Holocaust exist in the continuing Nazi-Arab connection. The influence of these two groups upon each other is mutual. Too little attention is being paid to the way in which Arabs contributed to the effectiveness of the Final Solution program. Haj Amin el Husseini, head of the Supreme Muslim Council and Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, a venomous Jew-hater, had prior to the war organized Arab terrorism against the Jews in Palestine. From 1941 on, he spent much of his time shuttling between Berlin and Rome. He met in Berlin with Ernst von Weizsaecker, State Secretary in the German Foreign Office, with Himmler, and on November 28, 1941 with Hitler. In his meeting, the Mufti tried to strengthen the Fuehrer’s decision to ” exterminate” all Jews, and both agreed that the Germans would fight the Jews mercilessly, in all of Europe “and beyond.”[…]
The Mufti had also met with Eichmann and visited Auschwitz. In Rome, he was received by the Italian Foreign Minister, Count Ciano, and by Mussolini himself. In his meetings with the German officials, the Mufti stressed the need to wipe out as many Jews as possible and to finally revoke the designation of Palestine as a Jewish National Home. He proposed that after the German victory,an Arab state –under his leadership– be created that would consist of Syria, Iraq, Transjordan and the Wesrern, Jewish part of Palestine. In return the Mufti promised Arab revolts against the British who were then predominant in these areas. One such serious revolt aganst the British occured in April 1941.
http://books.google.com/books?id=SlSDYmjJNU0C&pg=PA235


LIFE – Oct 27, 1952 – Page 145 – Vol. 33, No. 17 – 156 pages – Magazine – Full viewMYSTERY MAN OF ISLAM SPEAKS In exclusive talk, mufti defends tie to Hitler and record on Jews by JAMES BELL The name of Haj Amin el Husseini, usually called the Mufti of Jerusalem, has been associated with assassination, riot, …
During the Palestine war the Muft’s holy fighters terrorized Jews, blew up houses and killed many people…
http://books.google.com/books?id=2lIEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA145





[Rachid] Rashid Ali al-Gailani
[Rashid Ali el Kailani]
[Rashid ‘Ali al-Keilani]
[Sayyad Rashid el Keilani]



Highlights:



* Led pro-Nazi, fascist coup in Baghdad, 1941.



* Met with Hitler in 1942.



* Close ties with the Mufti.




Nazi propaganda for the Arab world – Page 60 – Jeffrey Herf – [Yale University Press] 2009
[ISBN 0300145799, 9780300145793] – 335 pages – Preview

… 1941, Rashid Ali Kilani led a pro-Axis coup that overthrew the Iraqi government of General Taha el-Hashimi. Haj Amin el-Husseini was deeply involved. The coup plotters included Yunis …
http://books.google.com/books?id=YzQNSTvHv-sC&pg=PA60


The Iraq coup of Raschid Ali in 1941, the Mufti Husseini and the Farhud… The Coup – On April 1, 1941  the “Golden Square” and the chief of staff of the Iraqi army staged the coup, and appointed Rashid ‘Ali al-Keilani head of the government. Nuri as Said was forced to flee Iraq along with the regent and young king Faysal II. On April 3, a letter from the German Secretary of State Von Weizacker answered Haddad’s letter favorably, but the letter arrived after the coup.


Rashid ‘Ali  stated on April 10 that he would honor the Anglo-Iraqi Treaty of 1930, apparently fearing British reprisals .On April 16, Rashid responded to a  request for landing of  British troops at Basra cautiously. He replied that they could land, but must embark immediately for Palestine or Egypt. The British began landing troops on April 16 or 18  at Basra, at first in compliance with Rashid Ali’s conditions, and later in violation of the conditions, since the troops did not leave.  The British played for time and made pretences of accepting the new situation. However, reinforcements from India kept arriving at Basra.


The Iraqi government was also trying to buy time, and entered into a pretence of Turkish mediation of the crisis. However, the Iraqi representative in Turkey, told the German Ambassador von Papen, that there would be no compromise with the  British. Raschid Ali had already asked the Italians for military aid at the end of March, and likewise, Hitler decided on April 10 to send military aid to the Iraqis. However, the shipments took several weeks. The German foreign office got a report from General Keitel of a large shipment, including, for example, some 15,000 rifles and about 800 machine guns.    Arms were shipped from Saloniki and through Turkey and Syria. The shipments from Syria were sent as a consequence of the agreement between the Vichy leader Darlan and Hitler as to general collaboration between Vichy and Germany. In the same agreement Vichy also agreed to allow German aircraft to base and stage through Syria on their way to Iraq, though there would be some pretence involved, so that the Vichy government could plausibly deny to Britain that it was assisting the German war effort. The French also rationed German fuel supplies, and as the Luftwaffe was unable to obtain fuel from Persia or elsewhere, this hampered their effectiveness.


A second group of British troops landed at Basra on April 28, and the Iraqis protested.  On the evening of April 29, about 9,000 troops of  the Iraqi army surrounded the RAF air base at Habaniyeh and the next day the Iraqis ordered that no flights were to take off. However, the Iraqis had insufficient force. The move was instigated by the “Golden Square” officers. Rashid Ali himself apparently wanted to avoid antagonizing the British and wait for supplies from the Germans.


The British strike back – The British struck to lift the siege of Habanniyeh, remove Rashid Ali from power and restore the pro-British government. Though they were initially unable to move from Basra overland, because of the weather and because Iraqis had cut lines of communication, the British were able to use the RAF at Habbaniyeh and Shaiba effectively, and began attacking on May 2.   They had about 90 aircraft, mostly antiquated, but these included a number of Wellington bombers[8]. . The RAF struck the Iraqis surrounding Habbaniyeh  The Iraqis used their air force [9],  very sparingly and not very effectively.  At the same time, relatively small numbers of British reinforcements were ferried by air from Basra.  Iraqi anti-aircraft fire and artillery proved ineffective. By May 6 the Iraqi force was defeated and the siege of Habbaniyeh was abandoned, though the roads were still blocked.  The RAF also destroyed most of the Iraqi air force on the ground by about May 8.


German Aid  – During this time, several German officers and diplomats were seconded to Iraq to oversee Luftwaffe  operations and the arms supply. Dr Fritz Grobba, the former consul, now returned to oversee the arms shipments and a Major Hansen was sent to oversee the transfer of aircraft. Grobba allegedly distributed sums of money to both Rashid Ali and the Mufti. Raschid Ali got about 90,000 pounds, and the Mufti reportedly got about $10,000.
http://www.mideastweb.org/iraqaxiscoup.htm


Reference Guide to the Nazis and Arabs During the Holocaust: A Concise Guide to the Relationship and Conspiracy of the Nazis and the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem in North Africa and the Middle East During the Era of the Holocaust – Pages 32-3 – Shelomo Alfassa – [Lulu.com] 2006 [ISBN 0976322633, 9780976322634] – 70 pages


Working with an old ally, Rashid Ali al-Gaylani, who became prime minister of Iraq in March 1940, the Mufti “obtained promises of Axis support, and in April 1941 carried out an anti-British and pro-Nazi coup” in Baghdad.
http://books.google.com/books?id=T2g2XA53UOEC&pg=PA32
[p. 33]
From Syria they extended their activities to Iraq, where they helped to establish a pro-Nazi regime headed by Rashid Ali al-Gailani. This was overthrown by the British, and Rashid Ali went to join his friend the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem 
http://books.google.com/books?id=T2g2XA53UOEC&pg=PA33


The Nazi Connection to Islamic Terrorism: Adolf Hitler and Haj Amin Al-Husseini – Page 50 – Chuck Morse – 2003 – 186 pages

In June of 1941, the Nazis would launch Operation Barbarossa which involved a full frontal assault on their erstwhile ally the … On April 1, 1941, the well planned pro-Nazi coup d’etat was launched and it brought General Rashid Ali …
http://books.google.com/books?id=HGkthBwbNg8C&pg=PA50





Ummar


Prevent World War III., Issues 53-57
Author Society for the Prevention of World War III (New York, N.Y.)
Publisher Society for Prevention of World War III, 1959

Page 40
Mr. Ummar was also a member of the Rashid Ali conspiracy. As early as 1936 he went to Germany and studied at the Nazi dominated universities in Berlin and Jena. Ummar too had to flee after the failure of the 1941 revolt and he wound up in Nazi Germany. As an avid admirer of Hitler’s “New Order” and
http://books.google.com/books?id=ckHTAAAAMAAJ&q=pro+nazi


British documents on foreign affairs: reports and papers from the foreign office confidential print. From 1940 through 1945. Near and the Middle-East. Eastern Affairs, january 1942-june 1942 – Malcolm Yapp, Paul Preston, Michael Patridge – 1997 – 357 pages – p. 308

Rashid Ali, however, flouted constitutional precedent by refusing to resign and coerced the Regent into signing decrees … In forming his Cabinet General Taha retained two members of Rashid Ali’s team, Umar Nadhmi, who took over the …
http://books.google.com/books?&id=4jWQAAAAMAAJ&dq=Umar+Nadhmi


Records of Iraq, 1914-1966: 1941-1945: Volume 9 – Alan de Lacy Rush, Jane Priestland – 2001 – 857 pages [Page 398]

Rashid Ali, however, flouted constitutional precedent by refusing to resign and coerced the Regent into signing … Tahu retained two members of Rashid Ali’s team, Umar Nadhmi, who took over the Ministries of Interior and Justice, 
http://books.google.com/books?id=sWZtAAAAMAAJ&q=Umar+Nadhmi+rashid+ali





Khairallah [Khayrallah] Tuflah (Iraq)
[Tolfah]

[Taflah]


Highlights:



* Devout Sunni Muslim.



* An army officer who Participant in the 1941 Rashid Ali al-Gailani pro-Nazi coup / Mufti‘s associate.



* Professed an ardent admiration for Hitler.



* Hatred for the British, racist views of Persians, Jews [author of infamous pamphlet “Three whom God should have created…”



* Mentor to Iraq’s dictator Saddam Hussein, who admired him, adopted his bigoted teaching, he republished his uncle’s material & “practiced” it.

A time of our choosing: America’s war in Iraq – Page 25 – Todd S. Purdum – 2003 – 319 pages


Tulfah, an army officer, had supported a coup against the British- backed Iraqi monarchy in 1941 and spent five years in prison. He taught Saddam to distrust foreigners and filled him with admiration for the emerging pan-Arab nationalism of Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt.

http://books.google.com/books?id=YFZSWh8pUWUC&pg=PA25


Middle Eastern leaders and Islam: a precarious equilibrium – Page 92 – Sonia Alianak – 2007 – 241 pages



Accordingly, Khayrallah, an army officer, took part in the abortive uprising led by Rashid Ali al-Gailani against the British-controlled monarchy in 1941. Saddam would later say of his uncle’s influence, “My maternal uncle was a nationalist” and “He always inspired us with a great nationalistic feeling” (Matar, 1981, p. 22).

http://books.google.com/books?id=IiV_q4CYXA0C&pg=PA92


Icon of Evil: Hitler’s Mufti and the Rise of Radical Islam – Page 88 – David Dalin, John Rothmann, Alan Dershowitz – 2009 – 227 pages



Khairallah Talfah was an Iraqi army officer and passionate Arab nationalist who had been one of al-Husseini’s most trusted lieutenants in their short-lived pro -Nazi coup that had briefly returned Rashid Ali …

http://books.google.com/books?id=QMts5Z36kjAC&pg=PA88


Secrets of the Holy Lance: The Spear of Destiny in History & Legend – Page 317 – Jerry E. Smith, George Piccard – 2005 – 341 pages



During the failed Iraqi coup of 1941, the task of assassinating the Iraqi leader , Karim Qassim, was given to one Khairallah Tulfah – – the uncle and guardian of Saddam Hussein…

http://books.google.com/books?id=qGX3ZtD_UikC&pg=PA317

Iraq President Suddam Hussein Handbook – Page 7 – IBP USA, USA International Business Publications – 2003 – 380 pages



At around ten, Saddam fled the family and returned to live in Baghdad with his uncle, Kharaillah Tulfah. Tulfah, the father of Saddam’s future wife, was a devout Sunni Muslim and a veteran from the 1941 Anglo-Iraqi War between Iraqi …

http://books.google.com/books?id=OXsij4BGMmcC&pg=PA7


The complete idiot’s guide to understanding Iraq – Page 149 – Joseph Tragert – 2003 – 318 pages



It was (and is) not uncommon for an elder in an Iraqi tribal group to take in a young child in need of direction. …Saddam’s uncle gave Saddam an early education in ethnic prejudice; Uncle Tulfah wrote a pamphlet titled: “Three Whom God Should Not Have Created: Persians, Jews, and Flies.”

http://books.google.com/books?id=KonR1QVERaEC&pg=PA149

The Journal of psychohistory, Volume 34, Atcom, 2006, p. 122



He was then given away by her to be raised by a terrorist Uncle. His mother remarried. His earliest influence was with his Uncle Khagrallah Tulfah, an army officer stripped of rank by the British after he joined a failed 1941 coup…

http://books.google.com/books?id=Et8nAAAAYAAJ&q=tulfah
..the older man became his guide through the political maelstrom of postwar Iraq… Tulfah had definite theories about Iraqi society. He made them part of the boy’s political education. Later, Tulfah expounded on them in a pamphlet, “Three Whom God Should Not Have Created: Persians, Jews and Flies.”

http://books.google.com/books?id=Et8nAAAAYAAJ&q=flies


Gandhi & Churchill: the epic rivalry that destroyed an empire and rivalry that destroyed an empire and forged our age – Page 473 – Arthur Herman – 2008 – 721 pages



The British took Baghdad right afterward, and on June 1, 1941, Rashid Ali fled first to Iran, then to Germany. His associate Yunis el-Sabawi, who had translated Mein Kampf into Arabic, was captured and hanged. Another young officer who fought for Rashid Ali was Khairallah Talfah. He escaped but would pass the lessons of the Iraq war. and of the Nazi cause, on to his four-year-old nephew, Saddam Hussein.

http://books.google.com/books?id=tquxD6dk914C&pg=PA473


Saddam Hussein: a political biography – Page 15 – Efraim Karsh, Inari Rautsi – 2003



In a slim treatise entitled Three Whom God Should Not Have Created: Persians, Jews, and Flies, Khairallah defined Persians as “animals God created in the shape of humans.” Jews, in his view … To judge from saddam’s diatribes against Israel and Iran throughout his career, Khairallah’s ideas about Persians and Jews had fallen on fertile soil.

http://books.google.com/books?id=pJcu5L72coUC&pg=PA15


My father’s paradise: a son’s search for his Jewish past in Kurdish Iraq – Page 300 – Ariel Sabar – 2008 – 332 pages

As president, he republished a pamphlet written by his uncle and surrogate father titled “Three Whom God Should Not Have Created: Persians, Jews, and Flies .”

http://books.google.com/books?id=BE89OJmsM4AC&pg=PA300


He dreamed of glory but dealt out only despair, David Blair charts the career of Saddam Hussein, from back-street assassin to Iraq’s vicious dictator, Mar 2003 – Telegraph


The only sympathetic figure in his boyhood was an uncle, Khairallah Tulfah. He rescued Saddam from al-Ouja and took him to Baghdad when he was 10, ensuring the illiterate boy went to school. Saddam would later marry Khairallah’s daughter.



Exactly how his kindly uncle influenced him can be judged by Khairallah’s political views. He nursed a passionate hatred of Britain, then Iraq’s colonial overlord, and a fervent admiration of Hitler.



Khairallah spent six years in jail after joining a pro-Nazi uprising in Baghdad, which the British Army crushed in 1941. He later wrote a pamphlet entitled Three whom God should not have created – Persians, Jews and Flies. In this work, Khairallah described Jews as a “mixture of dirt and the leftovers of diverse people”.



From Khairallah, Saddam imbibed this toxic mixture of nationalism and xenophobia. From his violent rural upbringing, he learned to distrust anyone, absolutely anyone, beyond his immediate family. Saddam the paranoid tyrant can be traced back to Saddam the persecuted village boy.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/1424980/He-dreamed-of-glory-but-dealt-out-only-despair.html?pageNum=1


Saddam Hussein: the politics of revenge, Saïd K. Aburish, Bloomsbury Publishing USA, 2000 [ISBN 1582340501, 9781582340500], p. 123



…the government offered ‘pure Iraqis’ married to anyone with Iranian blood $2500 reward for divorcing them.

http://books.google.com/books?id=7yAHjRJ3LkIC&pg=PA123





Yunis al-Sabawi
[Yunis el-Sabawi]
[Yunus Al-Sabawi]



Highlights:



* Pro Nazi, translated Mein Kampf into Arabic, and published in the Iraqi paper.


* Active in the pan-Arab ‘al-Muthanna Club.’ Headed the [Arabic] ‘Hitler Youth‘ type futuwwa (together with S. Shawkat).



* Among the leaders of the (1941) Farhud pogrom – massacre.




Gandhi & Churchill: the epic rivalry that destroyed an empire and rivalry that destroyed an empire and forged our age – Page 473 – Arthur Herman – 2008 – 721 pages



The British took Baghdad right afterward, and on June 1, 1941, Rashid Ali fled first to Iran, then to Germany. His associate Yunis el-Sabawi, who had translated Mein Kampf into Arabic, was captured and hanged…

http://books.google.com/books?id=tquxD6dk914C&pg=PA473


Holocaust Encyclopedia, The Farhud [United States Holocaust Museum]


The rise of this pro-German government threatened the Jews in Iraq. Nazi influence and antisemitism already were widespread in Iraq, due in large part to the German legation’s presence in Baghdad as well as influential Nazi propaganda, which took the form of Arabic-language radio broadcasts from Berlin. Mein Kampf had been translated into Arabic by Yunis al-Sab’awi, and was published in a local newspaper, Al Alam al Arabi (The Arab World), in Baghdad during 1933-1934. Yunis al-Sab’awi also headed the Futtuwa, a pre-military youth movement influenced by the Hitlerjugend (Hitler Youth) in Germany. After the coup d’etat, al-Sab’awi became a minister in the new Iraqi government.

http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007277


Wolfgang G. Schwanitz on Nazism in Syria and Lebanon. The Ambivalence of the German Option, 1933-194 by Dr. Wolfgang G. Schwanitz [JCPA, December 2009]



Indeed, it was the second translation of this book into Arabic. Yunus as-Sabawi of Bagdad, a Nazi follower, had completed the first in 1933 and published it in the Iraqi paper Al-Alam Al-Arabi, known for its hatred toward Jews.

http://www.jcpa.org/JCPA/Templates/ShowPage.asp?DBID=1&TMID=111&LNGID=1&FID=388&PID=0&IID=3235


The complete idiot’s guide to understanding Iraq – Page 104 – Joseph Tragert – [Penguin] 2003 [ISBN 0028643984, 9780028643984] – 318 pages



On June 1, 1941, in the aftermath of the British victory, a campaign of terror by Iraqi “soldiers and civilians” was unleashed… The violence followed an abortive attempt by one Yunis Al Sabawi, a Nazi sympathizer, to slaughter all Jews in central Iraq. (He was deported before he could carry out the plan.) The spasm of violence was part of a two-day descent into chaos now known in Iraq as the farhud [dangerous collapse of order].

http://books.google.com/books?id=KonR1QVERaEC&pg=PA104





Darwish al-Miqdadi



Highlights:



* Arab writer, educator from Palestine.



* Moved to Iraq and ‘educated’ there with his pro-Nazi line.



* Associated with the 1941 Farhud pogrom.




Iraq between the two world wars: the militarist origins of tyranny – Page 91
Reeva S. Simon – 2004 – History – 235 pages

Al-Miqdadi accompanied Iraqi student missions to Germany in the 1930s. While there, the British report, he organized an Arab youth movement along Nazi lines …
http://books.google.com/books?id=GgYyxWqtO3IC&pg=PA91&lpg=PA91


Military preparations of the Arab community in Palestine, 1945-1948 – Page 149 – Haim Levenberg – [Psychology Press – ISBN 0714634395, 9780714634395] 1993 – 281 pages

The other candidate was Darwish Miqdadi, born in Tul-Karem. In 1929 he was expelled to Iraq after taking part in the disturbances of that year. After a spell he returned to Palestine and was re-arrested during the Arab Rebellion. When released, he fled once more to Iraq. In Iraq he did not abandon his nationalist activity; while working as a teacher and education inspector, he published his ideas. He participated in a delegation to Nazi Germany and collaborated with Rashid Ali. He was allowed to return to Palestine in October 1945, and in the summer of 1946 he succeeded Ahmad Shuaqyri as the Director of the Arab Office in Jerusalem.
http://books.google.com/books?id=sxvHK-Cq2RwC&pg=PA149

The Middle East: Abstracts and index: Volume 4  – Library Information and Research Service – 2000 – Snippet view [page 123]

Arab Nationalist Party and the Young Egypt, whose mission became to ideologize this rejection. In 1931, Darwish al-Miqdadi, a Palestinian graduate of the AUB, a teacher in Iraq and an ardent associate to most, if not all pan-Arabist networking of the 1930’s, published his “History of the Arab Nation” which was subsequently adopted as a textbook for the Arab history curriculum in Iraqi intermediate schools. In this book, the Arab ideology and the pan-Arabist view of imperialism were so intractably intertwined that Arab nationalism seemed unimaginable without its opposition to the west. For al-Miqdadi, it was the Arabs’ destiny to occupy the most strategic crossroads of world trade
http://books.google.com/books?id=m6JtAAAAMAAJ&q=Darwish+al-Miqdadi


Politics in Palestine: Arab factionalism and social disintegration, 1939-1948 By Issa Khalaf

Kamil Wafa al-Dajani… Mu’in al-Madi, and Darwish al-Miqdadi. Dajani, Madi, and Miqdadi were Mufti associates
http://books.google.com/books?id=9pRvIDxE5jAC&pg=PA141


The Farhud, the Mufti inspired Krystallnacht in Iraq, 1941 [J. Katz]

The entire Jewish world has heard of Krystallnacht. Yet very few have even heard of the Farhud, where Nazi sympathizers in Baghdad, killed… The Palestinians Fawzi Al-Qauqji Darwish Al Miqdadi, Mufti Haj Amin Al Husseini …

http://www.eretzyisroel.org/~jkatz/farhud.html


The Teaching of History in Iraq before the Rashid Ali Coup of 1941 by RS Simon – 1986


Husri had hired Darwish al-Miqdadi, a Palestinian graduate of the. American University in Beirut, in 1924-25 along with Anis al-Nasuli, whose …

http://www.jstor.org/stable/4283095

Political trends in the Arab world: the role of ideas and ideals in politics – Majid Khadduri – [Johns Hopkins Press] 1970 – 298 pages – Page 183


The third wrote the history of Islam as the “History of the Arab Nation,” Darwish al-Miqdadi, Ta’rikh al-Umma al-‘Arabiya… Darwish al-Miqdadi, a Palestinian teacher who lived in “Iraq-
http://books.google.com/books?&id=qvqBAAAAMAAJ&dq=al-Umma
http://books.google.com/books?id=qvqBAAAAMAAJ&q=Darwish


Palestinian Arab Nationalist and Historian Darwish al-Miqdadi (1898-1961)
http://www.zmo.de/veranstaltungen/2010/Out_of_place_Programme_2010.pdf


European Totalitarianism in the Mirrors of Contemporary Arab … From Ruz al-Yusuf after the so-called Hitler-Stalin pact was signed: “The Animals’ … of Palestinian Pan-Arab Historian Darwish al-Miqdadi (1897-1961). … Arabs and Nazism – Testing Paradigms of a Historical Encounter: Between Local …
http://www.orient-institut.org/English/EventsDetails.aspx?pageid=1694


Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 3, No. 1 (Oct., 1966), pp. 2-17, by H.J. Cohen


The Anti – Jewish Farhud in baghdad, 1941… On June 1-2, 1941, thousands of Baghdad Moslems attacked the Jews of the town, murdering men and women, children and aged people, raping women and girls and plundering property…


Al-Miqdadi was also active in another organisation. In 1931, he set up a scout group called ‘al-Jawwal ….
http://www.jstor.org/stable/4282184


Lebanon and Arabism: national identity and state formation – Raghīd Sulh – 2004 – Political Science – 382 pages [Page 121] (ISBN 1860640516)


Sami Shawkat… radical Arab nationalists… The ANP consolidadted its influence further by infiltrating and virtually controlling a number of youth organizations, literary clubs and various political groupings. For example, Darwish al-Miqdadi (who was of Palestinian origin) was appointed head of the prestigous Teachers’ Training College (Baghdad) in 1939, a post thgrough which he was able to recruit new members to the party … al-Jawal, a youth organization established in 1934, came under ANP influence when two party members, Matta ‘Aqrawi and Darwish Miqdadi, assumed its chairmanship successively. Nadi al-Muthanna, similar to the Arab Club of Damascus, became ‘one of the many fronts or the cornerstone of this secret organization
http://books.google.com/books?id=49z7AFqIE2IC&pg=PA121





Al-Banna – Muslim Brotherhood

Highlights:



* Muslim Brotherhood’s founder al-Banna’s devout admiration for Hitler & Nazi regime.



* His push to distribute the Arabic translation of Mein Kampf.





The Muslim Brotherhood […]
Al-Banna was a devout admirer of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi regime. During the 1930s, the Brotherhood became more political in nature and an officially political group in 1939.
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Terrorism/muslimbrotherhood.html


Al-Banna was a devout admirer of a young Austrian writer named Adolf Hitler. His letters to Hitler were so supportive that when Hitler came to power in the 1930s he had Nazi intelligence make contact with Al-Banna to see if they could work together. Hitler had Al-banna establish a spy network for Nazi Germany throughout Arabia. Al-Banna promised Hitler that when General Rommel’s Nazi tank division arrived in Cairo and Alexandria, the Muslim Brotherhood would ensure all of the British troops would be killed.
http://www.shoaheducation.com/muslimnazi.html


Jihad and Jew-hatred: Islamism, Nazism and the roots of 9/11 – Pages 10 – Matthias Küntzel – 2007 – 180 pages


Muslim Brotherhood’s decision to distribute the Arabic translation of Hitler’s Mein Kampf and the flow of German money…

http://books.google.com/books?id=q9Y8E-AYVeoC&pg=PR10





Reza Pahlevi


Of Iran





Highlights:



* Great admirer of Hitler.



* The ‘Mussolini of Islam.’



* Introduced racist laws.



* Refused to allow the allies operating against the Nazis.




World fascism: a historical encyclopedia: Volume 1 – Page 342 – Cyprian Blamires, Paul Jackson – 2006 – 750 pages



Reza Shah Pahlavi, interwar ruler of Iran, sometimes referred to as ‘the Mussolini of Islam’. He was an admirer of Hitler and an anti-semite who strove to cleanse the language and culture of his ‘Aryan’ land from anything alien. …

http://books.google.com/books?id=nvD2rZSVau4C&pg=PA342


Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran – James D. Cockcroft – 1988 – 111 pages – Page 36



Mohammed Resa’s father became a great admirer of Adolf Hitler, the Nazi leader who rose to power as Germany’s dictator in 1933…

http://books.google.com/books?&id=JiIEFLxZaJwC&dq=Hitler

Genocide, critical issues of the Holocaust: a companion to the film, Genocide – Page 348 – Alex Grobman, Daniel Landes, Sybil Milton – [Behrman House, Inc] 1983 – 501 pages – [ISBN 0940646048, 9780940646049]


In Iran, the nationalistic and pro-Nazi regime of Reza Shah introduced a host of anti-Jewish laws after 1936. So great was the attraction of nazism on the Iranian Shah that Arthur S. Millspaugh, the adminstrator general of Iran’s finances from 1922 to 1927 and from 1943 to 1945, testified “to all intents and purposes, Reza Shah handed over Persia to Hitler.”

http://books.google.com/books?id=DcdiVs9lwvcC&pg=PA348


World and Its Peoples: The Middle East, Western Asia, and Northern Africa By Marshall Cavendish – Page 494 – Marshall Cavendish – [Marshall Cavendish] 2006



However. Iran’s declared neutrality in the war was complicated by Reza Shah’s pro-German sympathies. When he refused to allow the Soviets and British to use the Trans-Iranian railroad, under the pretext of Iran’s neutrality, the Allies ignored the declaration and invaded Iran in August 1941..

http://books.google.com/books?id=j894miuOqc4C&pg=PA494





Ibn Saud


Of Saudi Arabia


Highlights:



* Close [secret] ties with the Nazis.



* Highly racist against Jews, through his ‘Koranic’ view.




The secret war against the Jews: how western espionage betrayed the Jewish people, by John Loftus, Mark Aarons, [Macmillan] 1997 [ISBN 0312156480, 9780312156480] – Page 68 – John Loftus, Mark Aarons – 1997 – 658 pages – Preview


Unlike his other activities, he tried to keep the Saudi-Nazi connection a deep secret. According to sources on both sides of the Atlantic, it was Philby who advised Ibn Saud energetically to court Nazi Germany in the months before the war. The relationship was mutually beneficial. As one US intelligence study found, the Nazis “recognized that King Ibn Saud’s help was essential for renewing the fight against the British and the Jews in Palestine.” The Germans proposed that a new government should be formed in Palestine, under the control of Jack’s old friend, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem. Further, “Jews who had settled in Palestine after the First World War would not be allowed to remain.”


In January 1939 Saudi Arabia established diplomatic relations with the Third Reich, and Ibn Saud confided to the Germans that at heart he “hated the English. ” In the following months he concluded arms deals with Germany and signed a  friendship and trade treaty with Japan. Philby was pleased, especially as Ibn Saud concealed his secret dealings with the Axis from both the British and Americans. The Nazis also were pleased with the progress they had made with the king. They sent their best Middle East agent, Fritz Grobba, to meet with Ibn Saud, and even promised to obtain for him the most prestigious position in the Moslem world, the caliphate. The Saudi-Third Reich connection flourished, with their main link being their mutual hatred for the Jews.
The Nazis even promised to supply Ibn Saud with weapons, ammunition, and an armaments factory, and, according to some accounts, gave him bribes during most of World War II.


The king had many reasons for his secret arms deals with Berlin. The primary purpose “was to increase the flow of weapons which [Ibn Saud] had secretly been sending to the Arabs fighting in Palestine,” in order to “check the Zionist influx that had followed the Balfour Declaration.” Although he later claimed to be genuinely horrified by the Nazis’ Final Solution , Ibn Saud’s attitude toward the Jews was extreme, even by Arab standards. They were “a race accursed by God
http://books.google.com/books?id=trU7nY-T-4EC&pg=PA68

The Nazi Hydra in America: Suppressed History of a Century – Page 368 – Glen Yeadon, John Hawkins – 2008 – 700 pages


Ibn Saud was pro-Nazi. To stay out of British prison as a Nazi sympathizer, Philby added another angle to the 1940 deal by keeping Saudi Arabia neutral during the war for a bribe. In effect, the Saudis were paid to not pump …
http://books.google.com/books?id=vh7sx2xtjGEC&pg=PA368


Quicksand: America’s Pursuit of Power in the Middle East – Geoffrey Wawro – 2010 – 704 pages – Page 71


Saudi Arabia, the king protested, was in the same predicament as Nazi Germany: “ encircled” by hostile powers. … In 1941, Ibn Saud sent a royal envoy to Vichy to negotiate for the eventual cession—by the victorious Germans, …
http://books.google.com/books?id=OiS9UVotQfUC&pg=PT71


F.D.R. meets Ibn Saud – William Alfred Eddy – 1954 – 45 pages – Page 34


… who had suffered indescribable horrors at the hands of the Nazis: eviction, destruction of their homes, torture and mass-murder. … He, Ibn Saud, could not conceive of leaving an enemy in a position to strike back after defeat. …
http://books.google.com/books?id=jVUxAAAAIAAJ&q=nazis


Nazi propaganda for the Arab world – Page 34 – Jeffrey Herf – 2009 – 335 pages – Preview


Following a series of visits in 1938 to Germany by representatives of Saudi King Ibn Saud concerning arms purchases, the Nazi regime established diplomatic relations with Saudi Arabia in January 1939. In return for German political and …
http://books.google.com/books?id=YzQNSTvHv-sC&pg=PA34


1948: a history of the first Arab-Israeli war
Benny Morris [Yale University Press] 2008, p. 33



(1946) Before reaching Palestine, the members visited Arab capitals. At Riadh, King Ibn Sa’ud told them: “The Jews are our enemies everywhere. Wherever they are found…

http://books.google.com/books?id=CC7381HrLqcC&pg=PA33





Shakib Arslan


Highlights:



* pan-Arabist, pan-Islamist, Muslim cleric.



* Pro Nazi.



* In service of the Nazis – translated ‘Mein Kampf’ into Arabic (though that one -at the end- wasn’t published).




Arabism, Islamism and the Palestine question, 1908-1941: a political history – Page 357 – Basheer M. Nafi – [ISBN 0863722350, 9780863722356] (Garnet & Ithaca Press) 1998 – 459 pages


Amongst those who came to be known for their pro-German views were Shakib Arslan , who returned to exile in … it was the efficiency of the Nazi state, its ability to liberate Germany from the constraints of the Versailles Peace Treaty

http://books.google.com/books?id=WhCjkcZZK1AC&pg=PA357


Nazi propaganda for the Arab world – Pages 25-26, 273 – Jeffrey Herf – 2009 – 335 pages


[p. 25]

Hentig… He thought that “a truly good Arabic translation of the Fuhrer’s work would have great propagandistic value.”

[p. 26] and “would meet with extensive sympathy in the whole Arabicspeaking world from Morocco to India… in Arabic that had “the tone of the book that every Muslim understands: the Koran..

Hentig called on Shakib Arslan, a Geneva-based advocate of Muslim activism and Arab nationalism, confidant of Haj Amin el-Husseini, and editor of La Nation arabe, an influencial journal of Arab nationalist opinion, to do the translation. Hentig insisted that the completed text be read by a “scholar of the Koran who will give it the sacred tone which will be understood and valued in the whole Islamic world, a world that reads the Koran.” By November 1938, Arslan’s translation of Mein Kampf was almost done. Its 960 pages were to be published in an edition… On December 21, 1938, the project of an Arabic-language edition of Mein Kampf published by the Nazi regime ended.

http://books.google.com/books?id=YzQNSTvHv-sC&pg=PA25

On Arslan, see William C. Cleveland, Islam against the West: Shakib Arslan and the Campaign for Islamic Nationalism (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1985); and review essay by Martin Kramer, “The Natuon of Shakib Arslan,” Middle Eastern Studies, no. 24 (October 1987) 529-33.

http://books.google.com/books?id=YzQNSTvHv-sC&pg=PA273


International politics and the Middle East: old rules, dangerous game By Leon Carl Brown – I. B. Tauris, 1984 – Page 154


…partitioning Palestine into seperate Jewish and Arab states, a large pan-Arab congress was held in Blutan, Syria… other notables included… and the well-known advocate of Arabism, Shakib Arslan, a Druze from Lebanon.

http://books.google.com/books?id=opRRT_kW7hIC&pg=PA154





King Farouk

Of Egypt


Highlights:



* Colaboration with the Nazis.



* Espionage.




The record of collaboration of King Farouk of Egypt with the Nazis and their ally, the Mufti: the official Nazi records of the King’s alliance and of the Mufti’s plans for bombing Jerusalem and Tel Aviv ; memorandum submitted to the United Nations, June 1948.Authors: Nation Associates (New York, N.Y.), United Nations
Publisher: The Nation Associates, 1948
http://books.google.com/books?id=tdhmAAAAMAAJ


The beast reawakens – Martin A. Lee [Taylor & Francis] 1999 [ISBN 0415925460, 9780415925464] Page 122


King Farouk, who ruled Egypt during the Hitler era, was also a Nazi sympathizer. The king’s palace became a rendezvous point for Axis spies and couriers. Members of the royal family were involved in espionage for Fascist Italy, and many of the king’s mistresses did double duty as Nazi agents.
http://books.google.com/books?id=SX4B7pNG3W8C&pg=PA122


Icon of Evil: Hitler’s Mufti and the Rise of Radical Islam – David Dalin, John Rothmann, Alan Dershowitz – 2009 – 227 pages – Page 41


In a letter to Farouk, the mufti assured the king “that he would be received with all honors due a friendly reigning sovereign” and that he would be given every possible means by the Nazis for continuing the activities of his Egyptian …
http://books.google.com/books?id=QMts5Z36kjAC&pg=PA41





SSNP


Highlights:



* Inspired by Hitler, Nazis.



* Imitation of Nazi hymm, symbols, etc.



* Supremacy.




Lebanon: current issues and background – Page 192 – John C. Rolland – 2003 – 235 pages – Preview


The Syrian Socialist Nationalist Party (SSNP) The SSNP was established in Lebanon in the 1930s by Antun Saadah who hoped … symbol was modeled after the Nazi swastika. The SSNP has a long history of terrorism and subversion in Lebanon. …
http://books.google.com/books?id=-JVOKeNkllgC&pg=PA192


The Near East since the First World War: a history to 1995 – Malcolm Yapp – [Longman] 1996 – 597 pages – Page 113


Like many parties of the 1930s the SSNP adopted the styles of Fascism: Saada was known as al-za’im (the Führer) and the party anthem was “Syria, Syria, über alles” sung to the same tune as the German national anthem.

http://books.google.com/books?&id=BextAAAAMAAJ&dq=ssnp


Colonial citizens: republican rights, paternal privilege, and gender in French Syria and Lebanon, by Elizabeth Thompson, 2000, p. 192

At about the same time, the first Lebanese proto-fascist group emerged in public. The Syrian National Party (Hizb al-qawmi al-suri) was founded in secret in 1932 by a Lebanese emigrant returned from Brazil… Sa’ada used the title fuhrer and a swastika-style cross as an emblem, and adopted a party anthem entitled “Syria, Syria Above All,” set to the tune of “Deutchland Uber Alles.”

http://books.google.com/books?id=B9fruGejwmUC&pg=PA192


All honorable men: the social origins of war in Lebanon – Page 150 – Michael Johnson – 2001 – 298 pages – Preview


Saadeh, the party’s ‘leader for life’, was an admirer of Adolph Hitler and influenced by Nazi and fascist ideology. …
http://books.google.com/books?id=Zydtz0dDntQC&pg=PA150


Encyclopedia of the modern Middle East [Volume 4
Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East, ISBN 0028960114, 9780028960111, Macmillan Reference USA] – Reeva S. Simon, Philip Mattar, Richard W. Bulliet – 1996 – 2182 pages [Page 1717]


The Syrian Social Nationalist party (SSNP) was the brainchild of Antun SA’ADA, a Greek Orthodox Lebanese who was inspired by Nazi and fascist ideologies. Originally known as the PARTI POPULAIRE SYRIEN, the party operated in secret until…
http://books.google.com/books?id=ZXltAAAAMAAJ&q=sa’ada





Young Egypt


(Misr al-Fatdh)
[Ahmed Hussein]


Highlights:



* Founded and was on Nazi, fascist elements, imitating Hitler Youth (“Egypt, Egypt, above all”).

* Nazi – ideologically, very racist, even after “break up” with the Nazis.





Egypt’s young rebels: “Young Egypt,” 1933-1952 – James P. Jankowski – 1975 – 176 pages


Young Egypt became willing to admit influence and/or borrowings from European fascism, Husayn stating that Young … brothers cooperating together” ; and his final article from Germany, in the form of an open letter to Hitler, …
http://books.google.com/books?id=8dFmAAAAMAAJ&q=young+egypt


The Continuum political encyclopedia of the Middle East – Avraham Sela – [Continuum] 2002 – 944 pages – Page 273


Some groups displayed openly Fascist tendencies — such as the “Young Egypt” Party (Misr al- Fatah), founded in the mid- 1930s by Ahmad Hussein (1911-1982). In 1940 Britain forced the dismissal of Premier Maher and the Chief-of-Staff, …

http://books.google.com/books?&id=YJwsAQAAIAAJ&dq=Ahmad+Hussein


Islamism, fascism and terrorism (Part 3) – Asia Times Dec 4, 2002 [Marc Erikson]

Islamism, or fascism with an Islamic face, was born with and of the Muslim Brotherhood. It proved (and improved) its fascist core convictions and practices through collaboration with the Nazis in the run-up to and during World War II. It proved it during the same period through its collaboration with the overtly fascist “Young Egypt” (Misr al-Fatah) movement, founded in October 1933 by lawyer Ahmed Hussein and modeled directly on the Hitler party, complete with paramilitary Green Shirts aping the Nazi Brown Shirts, Nazi salute and literal translations of Nazi slogans. Among its members, Young Egypt counted two promising youngsters and later presidents, Gamal Abdel Nasser and Anwar El-Sadat.

http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Middle_East/DL04Ak01.html


Semites and anti-Semites: an inquiry into conflict and prejudice – Page 148 – Bernard Lewis – [W. W. Norton & Company] 1999 – 295 pages [ISBN 0393318397, 9780393318395] – [pp. 148-9]

Several of the political parties founded at this time reveal the influence of the Nazi model. In 1934, when the anti-Jewish Nuremberg Laws were promulgated, telegrams of congratulation were sent to the Fuhrer from all over the Arab and Islamic worlds, especially from Morocco and Palestine, where German propaganda had been most active. By September 1937, when a major pan-Arab congress was held at Blutan, with the struggle against Zionism as its main theme, the only European present was a German.

 
Before long, political parties of the Nazi and fascist type began to appear, complete with paramilitary youth organizations, colored shirts, strict discipline, and more or less charismatic leaders. Even some of the older parties were affected by these trends.

 More obviously Nazi in form was the Young Egypt Society, formally established in October 1933. Popularly known as “the Green Shirts,” it consisted of a paramilitary hierarchy of sections …

[p. 149]
…Their ideology and form of organization and activity remained, however, thoroughly Nazi, including such devices as fascist salutes, torchlight parades, leader worship [ther slogan was “One party, one state, one leadership”] and,
most characteristically, their use of gangs of toughs to terrorize and silence their political opponents.

  Not least among the borrowings of Young Egypt from Young Germany was its racism and anti-Semitism. This included support for Nazi philosophy, viciously anti-Jewish propaganda in the party press, and the organization of boycotts and harassment directed against the Jewish community in Egypt.

  Despite the public breach with the Germans after the invasion of Czechoslovakia, the inner circle of pro-Axis politicians congregated around the king, and led … espionage…

http://books.google.com/books?id=GteStbiDEjAC&pg=PA148


Jihad and Jew-hatred: Islamism, Nazism and the roots of 9/11 – Page 27 – Matthias Küntzel – 2007 – 180 pages

Minister, was to educate “Iraqi youth in the military spirit in the German fashion” and sent a delegation to march with the Hitler Youth at the 1938 Nuremberg Nazi party rally. Finally in 1933, in Egypt Ahmad Husayn created the “Young Egypt”…
http://books.google.com/books?id=q9Y8E-AYVeoC&pg=PA27

Teaching about the Middle East – Page 137 – Social Studies School Service – [Social Studies] 2002 – 330 pages – [ISBN 1560041005, 9781560041009]


The Young Egyptians movement, popular in the 1930s, looked to the Hitler Youth as its model. At the same time, Egyptians recognized the importance of their own Muslim heritage. Perhaps Islam would provide the best ideological structure …
http://books.google.com/books?id=bhPkkMIDdl8C&pg=PA137

Die Welt des Islams, 1985, p. 134

From its beginnings in the early Thirties the party shared many outward appearances with the European fascists: a uniform (green shirts), a salute (outstretched right arm, palm open and finger pointing to the sky), a flag, a paramilitary organization which demanded absolute obedience to a leader. Like the PPS in Syria, Young Egypt used ultra-nationalist slogans, based on “Deutschland, Deutschland iiber alles”: In the case of Young Egypt “Egypt, Egypt, above all…”.

http://books.google.com/books?&id=bQcsAAAAIAAJ&dq=young+egypt

[PDF] http://www.tcd.ie/history//undergraduate/pdf/bwwii/jstorarticles/Stefan%20Wild%20National%20Socialims%20in%20the%20Arab%20Middle%20East%201933%201939.pdf

FrontPage Magazine – Nazi Influence on the Middle East During WWII
Jan 5, 2005 … In October 1933, pro-Axis Young Egypt Party was founded. … translator of Hitler’s Mein Kampf into Arabic, describing the Fascist despot in …
http://archive.frontpagemag.com/Articles/ReadArticle.asp?ID=16533





The Baa’th

(B’ath, Baath)




Highlights:


* Baath founders: S. al-Husri [the ‘Arab Fichte’] and M. Aflaq, both influnced by German Fascist, nazi writing.



* Husri’s support for the pro-Nazi coup of Rachid ‘Ali.



* Aflaq though Christian, admired Islam. (Some even say he converted).



* Ideologically – Racist against: Persians, Jews, Kurds & other.



* ‘Master Arab race’ of Baathism.





Semites and anti-Semites: an inquiry into conflict and prejudice – Page 148 – Bernard Lewis – [W. W. Norton & Company] 1999 – 295 pages [ISBN 0393318397, 9780393318395] – [pp. 147-8]

The mood of the 1930s was vividly described by Syrian Sami al-Jundi, an early leader of the Ba’th party, in an autobiographical memoir:

We were racists, admiting Nazism, reading its books and the source of its thought, particulary Nietzche. . . . Fichte, and H. S. Chamberlain’s Foundations of the Nineteenth Century, which revolves on race. We were the first to think of translating Mein Kampf.

 Whoever lived during this period in Damascus would appreciate the incliniation of the Arab people to Nazism, for Nazism was the power which serve as its chapion, and he who is defeated will by nature love the victor.”

 Later al-Jundi describes how in 1940 he was looking for a copy of Rosenberg’s Myth of the Twentieth Century in Damascus, and finally found a French abridgment of it belonging to Michel Aflaq, one of the two founders of the Ba’th.

http://books.google.com/books?id=GteStbiDEjAC&pg=PA147


The United States and the Middle East: a search for new perspectives – Page 266 – Hooshang Amirahmadi – [SUNY Press] 1993 [ISBN 0791412253, 9780791412251] – 491 pages



Founded in the Levant during the 1940s, the Baath party advocates Pan-Arabism ( ie, unity of the entire Arab world… the founders of the Baath party, Michel ‘Aflaq and Salah al-Din al-Bitar, were influenced by fascist thought during their education in France during the 1930s… Itaqi Baathis ideology contains racist elements, especially against Persians, Jews, Kurds, and other minorities…

http://books.google.com/books?id=AmSIOJ5ekIoC&pg=PA266

Encyclopedia of the Developing World: Index – Thomas M. Leonard – 2006 – Social Science – 1759 pages – Page 71



… Pan-Arabism with an emphasis on socialism incorporating ideas from Italian fascism. Ba’ath ideology…

http://books.google.com/books?id=3mE04D9PMpAC&pg=PA71

Fascism: Past, Present, Future, by Walter Laqueur, [Oxford University Press US] 1997
[ISBN 019511793X, 9780195117936] – Page 162




At that time, fascism outside Europe has become a possiblity and, in some cases, a reality. The Iraqi & Syrian regimes have pronounced fascist features… both, the Iraqi & Syrian leadership belongs to the Ba’th Party, an elitist, pan-Arabist group that arose in the 1930s partly as a result of the rise of fascism in Europe.

http://books.google.com/books?id=fWggQTqioXcC&pg=PA162&lpg=PA162

America at war since 1945: politics and diplomacy in Korea, Vietnam, and the Gulf War, by Gary Donaldson [Greenwood Publishing Group] 1996 – Page 144


The Baath party had its origins in European fascism and Arab nationalism…

http://books.google.com/books?id=1wOv3enW1ccC&pg=PA144

The politics of intelligence and American wars with Iraq – Page 21 – Ofira Seliktar – 2008 – 214 pages


Drawing on a large volume of newly available research on “generic fascism,” a number of experts pointed out … Ba’ath Party of Syria and Iraq as conceived by Michel Aflaq and Salah al-Bitar combined both Nazi and communist elements. …

http://books.google.com/books?id=vd54vdSGMMgC&pg=PA21

A Middle East reader, compiled by Irene L. Gendzier, Pegasus, 1969, page 161



Aflaq spent his holidays in France, with Salah al Bitar. He came back to Syria full of admiration for the works of Alfred Rosenberg, the theorist of Nazi racism, and in particular for “The Myth of the Twentieth Century, which he had read in Grosclaud’s translation. He thought at the time that Hitler’s Germany, by contrast with the communist countries, had succeeded in achieving the perfect synthesis of nationalism and socialism.”
http://books.google.com/books?id=QsNAAAAAIAAJ&dq=rosenberg


Eric Rouleau… Futhermore, when power in Iraq was seized by pro-German nationalists in the coup of Rashid ‘Ali al-Gilani, ‘Aflaq formed s committee which assured the new regime of its full support

http://books.google.com/books?id=LzfSAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA166

The Ba’th and the creation of modern Syria‎ – Page 15 David Roberts – Political Science – [Croom Helm] 1987 – 182 pages



The Birth of Ba’thist Ideology… The theory of ‘Greater Syria’… Sa’adeh visited Germany and certainly had contact with the National Socialist and Fascist regimes. The Ba’th, or at least ‘Aflaq, shared these ideas to some extent. It is not too long a step from ‘Gross-Deutchland’ to ‘Greater Syria.’

Since then, of course, the Ba’th has parted with the PPS and indeed banned it, but it has quietly absorbed its message…

http://books.google.com/books?id=Ix2NAAAAMAAJ&dq=germany
http://books.google.com/books?id=Ix2NAAAAMAAJ&dq=fascist

CNN, March 21, 2003

Baath Party is a mishmash of socialism and Arabism.
http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0303/21/se.13.html

The politics of intelligence and American wars with Iraq – Page 21 – Ofira Seliktar – 2008 – 214 pages


Drawing on a large volume of newly available research on “generic fascism,” a number of experts pointed out … Ba’ath Party of Syria and Iraq as conceived by Michel Aflaq and Salah al-Bitar combined both Nazi and communist elements. …

http://books.google.com/books?id=vd54vdSGMMgC&pg=PA21

Syria: Ballots Or Bullets?: Democracy, Islamism, and Secularism in the Levant, Carsten Wieland, 2006, pp. 102-3



Sati al-Husri (1882-1968), the most infuelncial pan-Arab ideologue… He admired Fichte, Hegel, and Herder, and his key ideological role in the Arab world earned him the nickname of “the Arab Fichte.”
[p. 103]
The strongest influence of pan-Arabists was first witnessed in Iraq in the 1920 and 1930 when Hitler rose to power in Germany. In 1941, Husri supported a fascist coup in Baghdad…

The main ideologue of the subsequent Baath Party in Syria was himself a Christian (however, he reportedly converted to Islam shortly before his death…
Michel Aflaq was born in 1910 in Damascus and went to Paris to study philosophy at the Sorbonne University. There he found the idea of Arabness in Western literature, as had many others before him. He viewed Islam as an essential part of the Arab socio-cultural heritage…

http://books.google.com/books?id=uOMp58pfdkoC&pg=PA102

“Saddam’s Brain,” The Weekly Standard Nov 1, 2002, Vol. 8, No. 09 by David Brooks



From the November 11, 2002 issue: The ideology behind the thuggery.



MICHEL AFLAQ was born in Damascus in 1910, a Greek Orthodox Christian. He won a scholarship to study philosophy at the Sorbonne sometime between 1928 and 1930 (biographies differ), and there he studied Marx, Nietzsche, Lenin, Mazzini, and a range of German nationalists and proto-Nazis. Aflaq became active in Arab student politics with his countryman Salah Bitar, a Sunni Muslim. Together, they were thrilled by the rise of Hitler and the Nazi party, but they also came to admire the organizational structure Lenin had created within the Russian Communist party.

http://www.weeklystandard.com/Content/Public/Articles/000/000/001/837uvzrs.asp

American Government and Politics Today 2008: The Essentials, by Barbara A. Bardes, Mack C. Shelley, Steffen W. Schmidt, [Cengage Learning] 2008, [ISBN 0495503258, 9780495503255], p. 18

Although Baathists are often referred to as Arab nationalists, Baath ideology goes beyond pan-Arab nationalism and Baath ideology actually views the Arabs as a kind of master race. Baathism glorifies constant struggle, the ideological similarity between Baathism and fascism is quite striking.
http://books.google.com/books?id=NIrspBw3lNMC&pg=PA1




al-Muthanna Club & al-Futuwwa (in Iraq)

(Saib [Sami] Shawkat & Al-Sabawi)

‘Farhud’ massacre – massgrave

Highlights:



* Importance of education in the fascist interwar era.



* ‘Hitler Youth’ type.



* Participated in Nurmberg’s Nazi Youth march.



* Relations with leadership of Hitler Youth.



* al-Muthanna Club’s Sami Shawkat’s hateful [xenophobia and] Nazism.



* S. Shawkat’s indoctrination of youth into ‘dying for Arabism.’



* (Sami’s brother) Naji Shawkat’s Nazism.



* Participation in the Farhud pogrom (massacre) in 1941, Baghdad.




Encyclopedia of the modern Middle East: Volume 2 – Reeva S. Simon, Philip Mattar, Richard W. Bulliet – 1996 – 2182 pages


… to paramilitary youth groups strongly reminiscent of the Hitler Youth of Nazi Germany. In Ba’thist Iraq, the futuwwa is one of three paramilitary youth organizations that belong to the state-run General Federation of Iraqi Youth. 
http://books.google.com/books?id=KE8YAAAAIAAJ&q=futuwwa+hitler


Independent Iraq, 1932-1958: a study in Iraqi politics, Majid Khadduri, [Oxford University Press] 1960, p. 173



He also invited the King to send a Futuwwa delegation to Nuremberg to attend the parade of the Nazi Party convention in September 1938. A delegation of thirty members of the Futuwwa was subsequently sent, received by the …

http://books.google.com/books?id=uh4xAAAAIAAJ&q=futuwwa


Moreover, when Baldur von Schirach, the Reich Youth Leader, stopped in Baghdad on his return flight from Tehran in the autumn of 1937, he had an audience with King Ghazi and suggested that he should pay attention to the Futuwwa movement …
http://books.google.com/books?id=uh4xAAAAIAAJ&q=A+delegation


Encyclopedia of the Holocaust: Volume 2 – Israel Gutman – 1990 – 1905 pages – Page 716



In 1938 the Al-Futuwwa youth organization sent a delegate to the Nuremberg Nazi party rally, and in turn hosted the Hitler Youth leader Baldur von Schirach in Baghdad. In 1939 all students attending secondary schools, as well as their teachers, were obliged to join..

http://books.google.com/books?&id=1SoYAAAAIAAJ&dq=Al-Futuwwa


Simon, Reeva. “The Teaching of History in Iraq Before the Rashid Ali Coup of 1941.” Middle Eastern Studies 22, no.1 (January 1986); 37-51



The Iraqis, like the French, the Germans, and the Japanese during the interwar period, used their schools to inculcate nationalism. The curriculum was published and instituted… emphasized Arab nationalism and Iraq’s important role in a pan-Arab union…. accelerated recruitment by the Iraqi ministry of Education of Syrian and Palestinian teachers…
From 1920 until 1941, the three men instrumental in foreign educational policy and in impanting a nationalist ideology in the schools were Muhammad Fadhi al-Jamali, Sami Shawkat and, most important, Sati al-Husri.

[…]

Sami Shawkat, a physician not a pedagogue, with little interest in Iraqi education beyond instilling the militarist sprit in the schools, is most noted for his lectures to students on the ‘Profession of Death’, telling them that the most important thing for them to learn was how to kill and how to die. He helped to institute military instruction in the schools and promoted an Iraqi Hitler Youth-type paramilitary youth organization, the Futuwwah, included German as the third language in the secondary schools, and sent student…
http://www.jstor.org/pss/4283095


Republic of fear: the politics of modern Iraq – Page 179 – Kanan Makiya – 1998 – 323 pages


The Muthanna Club, along with its affiliate the Palestine Defence League and the Futuwwa organization, … Shawkat carried a letter from the Mufti to von Papen congratulating Hitler and referring to the struggle against “the democracies …

http://books.google.com/books?id=frDO73fi83IC&pg=PA179


Sovereign creations: pan-Arabism and political order in Syria and Iraq, Malik Mufti, 1996 [286 pages], pp. 28-29



The architect of Iraq’s education policy was Sati’ al-Husri… “German nationalism, with its emphasis upon language and history as unifying factors, was the perfect model for Arab nationalism…

In accordance with this nationalist agenda, Husri’s educational policy sought to instill a sense of common identity in the Iraqi people by stressing Arab history and culture, promoting standard Arabic over regional dialects, and trying to suppress particularistic identities such as those of the Shi’is, Kurds, Christians, and Jews.
After 1923… Husri, along with his successors Fadhil Jamail and Sami Shawkat pressed ahead with their militaristic brand of national education, importing in the process large numebers of foreigners (particularly Palestinians) to teach Arab history and culture.

[…]
Despite some trepidation at the xenophobic extremes to which Husri and Sami Shawkat often went, Faisal and his advisers appreciated their efforts at laying the ideological foundations for Hashemite pan-Arabism.

http://books.google.com/books?id=px20DEwGH6cC&pg=PA28


Pan-Arabism’s Legacy of Confrontation with Iran
By: Dr. Kaveh Farrokh





…Arab racism against Iranians…


Satia Al-Husri spawned a whole generation of men who advocated violence. One example is Sami Shawkat who is famous for his 1933 speech “Sina’at al-Mawt” (manufacture of death) in which he rationalizes mass violence and war as the way to achieve Arab aspirations. Tragically, this speech was widely distributed in Arab schools and in Iraq in particular. It is interesting that Shawkat teaches that “force is the soil which sprouts the seeds of truth”. Although not widely known, Shawkat was a main force in the organization of the Futuwwa Youth Organization – a movement modeled directly after the Nazi Hitler Youth Movement. The Futuwwa set the pace for future Arab chauvinist movements, such as the B’aath party of Iraq and today’s followers of Bin Laden. It is interesting to note that Shawkat’s ideas became somewhat too hot to handle, even for the pan-Arabists – Satia Al-Husri later disowned Sami Shawkat.


It is worth noting that Sami Shawkat’s brother, Naji, who by 1941 was a member of the Arab committee in Iraq (which had absorbed the Futuwwa), gave Franz von Papen (a high ranking German official of Nazi Germany in 1941) a letter which actually congratulated Hitler for the brutality that he inflicted upon the Jews.

http://www.iran-heritage.org/interestgroups/history-article2.htm

History Matters: Past as Prologue in Building Democracy in Iraq by E Davis – 2005


During the 1930s, Pan-Arabists developed proto-fascist organizations such as the al-Muthanna Club and its al-Futuwwa movement, and in June 1941 they participated in an attack on Baghdad’s Jewish community.
http://www.fpri.org/orbis/4902/davis.historymattersiraq.pdf

The Farhud [United States Holocaust Museum]

[…]

The outbreak of mob violence against Baghdad Jewry known as the Farhud (Farhud is an Arabic term best translated as “pogrom” or “violent dispossession”) erupted on June 1, 1941. It was a turning point in the history of the Jews in Iraq.


In Baghdad the results of this policy were much more severe. On the afternoon of June 1, 1941, when the Regent and his entourage returned to Baghdad and British troops surrounded the city, the Jews believed that the danger from the pro-Nazi regime had passed. They ventured out to celebrate the traditional Jewish harvest festival holiday of Shavuot. Riots broke out, targeting the Jews of Baghdad. These riots, known as the Farhud, lasted for two days, ending on June 2, 1941.


Iraqi soldiers and policemen who had supported Rashid Ali al-Gailani’s coup d’etat in April and Futtuwa youths who were sympathetic to the Axis incited and led the riots. Unlike in previous incidents, rioters focused on killing. Many civilians in Baghdad and Bedouins from the city’s outskirts joined the rioters, taking part in the violence and helping themselves to a share in the booty. During the two days of violence, rioters murdered between 150 and 180 Jews, injured 600 others, and raped an undetermined number of women. They also looted some 1,500 stores and homes. The community leaders estimated that about 2,500 families — 15 percent of the Jewish community in Baghdad — suffered directly from the pogrom. According to the official report of the commission investigating the incident, 128 Jews were killed, 210 were injured, and over 1,500 businesses and homes were damaged. Rioting ended at midday on Monday, June 2, 1941, when Iraqi troops entered Baghdad, killed some hundreds of the mob in the streets and reestablished order in Baghdad.

http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007277

Iraq [Jewish Virtual Library

Fascism and Antisemitism (1933–1941)

[…]
Iraqi Jews did not know the kind of *antisemitism that prevailed in some Christian states of Europe. The first attempt to copy modern European antisemitic libels was made in 1924 by Sādiq Rasūl al-Qādirī, a former officer in the White Russian Army. He published his views, particularly that of worldwide conspiracy, in a Baghdadi newspaper. The Jewish response in its own weekly newspaper, al-Misbah, compelled al-Qādirī to apologize, although he later published his antisemitic memoirs.

At that time the press drew a clear dividing line between Judaism and Zionism. This line became blurred in the 1930s, along with the demand to remove Jews from the genealogical tree of the Semitic peoples. This anti-Jewish trend coincided with Faysal’s death in 1933, which brought about a noticeable change for the Jewish community. His death also came at the same time as the Assyrian massacre, which created a climate of insecurity among the minorities. Iraqi Jewry at that time had been subject to threats and invectives emanating not only from extremist elements, but also from official state institutions as well. Dr. Sāmī Shawkat, a high official in the Ministry of Education in the pre-war years and for a while its director general, was the head of “al-Futuwwa,” an imitation of Hitler’s Youth. In one of his addresses, “The Profession of Death,” he called on Iraqi youth to adopt the way of life of Nazi Fascists. In another speech he branded the Jews as the enemy from within, who should be treated accordingly. In another, he praised Hitler and Mussolini for eradicating their internal enemies (the Jews). Syrian and Palestinian teachers often supported Shawkat in his preaching.

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0010_0_09571.html


Armies of the young: child soldiers in war and terrorism – Page 107 – David M. Rosen – 2005 – 199 pages
for boys between the ages of fifteen and twenty, they were also modeled on Hitler Youth. … Iraq he helped set up an Arab Committee to promote collaboration between Iraq and the Nazis and brought the Iraqi al-Futuwwa under its control.


http://books.google.com/books?id=zQYQ0tho6mAC&pg=PA107


Republic of fear: the politics of modern Iraq By Kanan Makiya, university of California press [page 178]

The pan-Arab government also sponsored the Futuwwa Youth organization, modelled after the Hitler Youth movement.
http://books.google.com/books?id=MBSNs4sIYn0C&pg=PA178


Learning Not to Love Saddam by Paul Berman, New York Times, March 31, 2003

Modern totalitarianism arose in Europe in the years after World War I. It took different forms — Fascist, Communist and Nazi. But the movements shared a number of traits: apocalyptic and paranoid ideologies, a total police state, a taste for murder. Other versions of that same totalitarianism arose in Arab and Muslim countries in precisely those years.

One of the Muslim variations eventually emerged as the Islamist radicalism of Osama bin Laden, the Taliban and other movements. A second version evolved into Saddam Hussein’s Baath dictatorship. The European inspiration for those movements is not too hard to detect, especially in the case of the Baath, which got started in 1943 in an atmosphere of ardent sympathy for the fascist Axis.

Kanan Makiya, an expatriate Iraqi intellectual and a main author of the transition report, described in his book “Republic of Fear” how these European movements influenced Islamic radicalism philosophically and organizationally. There was, for instance, the model of the Hitler Youth for the pan-Arabist Futuwwa Youth of the 1930’s, which, Mr. Makiya pointed out, pioneered a paramilitary culture “as if presaging the Baath militas” in later years.

http://www.nytimes.com/2003/03/31/opinion/31BERM.html?pagewanted=all

Die Welt des Islams‎ – Page 136 – Religion – 1985

The Futuwwa-movement in Iraq was a youth-organization, not a political party. The Futuwwah was an official youth movement which comprised all students of the higher class of high school.
http://books.google.com/books?id=bQcsAAAAIAAJ&dq=Futuwwah
A delegation of the Futuwwah participated in the march of the Hitler-Jugend at the Parteitag in Nuremberg in September 1938.
http://books.google.com/books?id=bQcsAAAAIAAJ&q=hitler-jugend

Armies of the young: child soldiers in war and terrorism, by David M. Rosen, 2005, p. 106
The al-Futuwwa youth groups connected Palestinian youth to fascist youth movements elsewhere in the Middle East.

http://books.google.com/books?id=zQYQ0tho6mAC&pg=PA106

Rethinking nationalism in the Arab Middle East by James P. Jankowski, I. Gershoni – 1997 – History – 372 pages, P. 18


Pan-Arab radicalism was expressed in diverse forms in 1930s Iraq. In 1935 the “Muthana Club” was established in Baghdad and rapidly became a forum for the educated from all parts of the Arab world and a center for the dissemination of Arab nationalist propaganda. Nationalist radicalization was also evident in the formation, in the late 1930s, of s paramilitary youth movement [al-futuwwa] modeled on fascist and Nazi youth organizations, sponsored by the government and officially instituted in Iraqi schools

http://books.google.com/books?id=_a1NNyZUXAgC&pg=PA18

Encyclopedia of the modern Middle East, Volume 2, Reeva S. Simon, Philip Mattar, Richard W. Bulliet, Macmillan Reference USA, 1996, pp. 686-882

[p. 686]
In another context, the term has been used in Iraq, first in the 1930s and again since the Ba th party takeover in 1968, to refer to paramilitary youth groups strongly reminiscent of the Hitler Youth of Nazi Germany. In Ba’thist Iraq, …
http://books.google.com/books?id=KE8YAAAAIAAJ&dq=hitler+youth

[p. 882]
the schools by Sayi al-Husri, Muhammad… al-JAMAIL, and Sami SHAWKAT throught the 1920 and 1930s, was supported by Faisal’s heir, GHAZI IBN FAISAL, who ruled from 1933 until 1939. The creation of pan-Arab clubs, such as al-Muthanna and the FUTUWWA youth movement, made Baghdad a center for pan-Arabism and a haven for exiled Palestinians, led by Jerusalem mufti (Muslim religious..

http://books.google.com/books?id=KE8YAAAAIAAJ&dq=futuwwa




Najjada [Najjada, Najjadeh]

(Nasuli)



Highlights:



* Admired Nazism/fascism.



* “Arabism above all.”





Nazism in Syria and Lebanon By Nordbruch Goetz, p. 54


Muslim schools that were directed by the Maqasid Islamic Charitable Association provided Najada a pool of potential members. As a Muslim ‘twin’ to the Phalangists, as the organization was often described, Najjada adopted a pan-Arab nationalist vision, calling for a suppression of all foreign influences. The ambivalent relation of such pan- Arab concepts to ethnocentric and racial nationalism became visible in its slogan ‘Arabism above all’ (al-‘uruba fawqa al-jami’).

http://books.google.com/books?id=iAWBkDAv4TkC&pg=PA54

Colonial citizens: republican rights, paternal privilege, and gender in French Syria and Lebanon, by Elizabeth Thompson, [Columbia University Press] 2000 [ISBN 0231106610, 97802311066103]

…admired the youth groups and physical discipline at the Berlin Olympics, and their Muslim counterparts, the Najjada (Helpers), promoted by Muhi al-Din Nasuli, a leader of the Muslim scouting movement and newspaper publisher… the pan-Arabism of the Najjada… of… Lebanese groups… Since at least 1933, newspapers had been printing Hitler’s speeches and excerpts from Mem Kampf. Hitler and Mussolini were viewed in both Syria and Lebanon as models of strong statebuilders… criticized “moral chaos” in public life and adopted the motto “Arabism Above All” on his newspaper’s masthead, which also printed glowing accounts of German youth’s support of Hitler…

http://books.google.com/books?id=B9fruGejwmUC&pg=PA193

http://www.ciaonet.org/book/the01/the01_11.pdf

[CIA document THE CURRENT SITUATION IN PALESTINE, ORE 49, 20 October 1947]



There are two para-military Arab organizations, the Futuwwa and the Najjada, both of which are more or less controlled by the Arab higher Committe under the leadership of the Grand Mufti.
http://www.foia.cia.gov/browse_docs_full.asp




Handcshar SS Muslim Nazi units [Bosnians, Albanians]




Highlights:



* Three divisions of Nazi Muslim socldiers:
1) The Waffen SS 13th Handschar (“Knife”).
2.) The 23rd Kama (“Dagger”).
3.) The 21st Skenderbeg.


* Grand Mufti inspired the “holy warriors” [Jihad for Nazi victory].



* Some of these ex-Nazi soldiers came to fight with Arab Muslim “brethren” against Israel in 1948.




Cairo to Damascus – Pages 419-420 – John Roy Carlson – [READ BOOK] 2007 – 520 pages



The Mufti also organized an Arab Brigade and a Moslem Legion to fight side by side with the Nazis. An Arab leader accepted a commission as colonel in the Wehrmacht. Turning
ing to large Moslem populations in Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Albania, the Mufti with the help of Pavelich, the Croatian quisling, recruited substantial numbers of Moslem Holy Warriors who fought as the Waffen SS, and the “Free Arabia” movement. the Mufti visited these troops frequently praying with them, exhorting them to fight for Allah.

http://books.google.com/books?id=I-nzRJpb5CIC&pg=PA419


“FASCIST MUSLIM GROUP EXPECTED TO LOOT TEL AVIV IN 1948,” by Seth J. Frantzman [San Francisco Sentinal, 10 May, 2008]

On a pleasant Thursday in December 1948, Emilio Traubner, a correspondent for The Palestine Post, found himself near Abu Kabir, not far from Jaffa. Trenches and expended cartridges were strewn about, reminders of the fighting between units of the Irgun and local Arab forces that had taken place there seven months previously. There was a large Arab villa from where Traubner recovered a diary. It turned out to be the daily record of Yusuf Begovic of Pale, a town near Sarajevo in modern-day Bosnia-Herzegovina. In it Begovic had described his activities as a cook for the “Arab Army of Liberation.”

Traubner described who Begovic had been serving: “35 Yugoslav Muslims who had a good reason to expect to be among the first to occupy and loot Tel Aviv, were part of a group of some thousands who came to the Middle East to join the jihad against Israel.”

What were Yugoslav Muslims doing in Jaffa in 1948? How had they managed to get themselves all the way to the Holy Land? What had motivated them? Who had recruited them? What was the Bosnian or Albanian connection to the Palestinians, if there was one?

There was a Bosnian connection: Haj Amin al-Husseini, the mufti of Jerusalem, had been in Bosnia in the 1940s. Had he recruited these men? What had become of them?

It turned out that in 2005 a Bosnian had given an interview in Lebanon to a Croatian newspaper and claimed to have fought in the 1948 war. The story began to crystallize.

The Long Shadow of Haj Amin

In October 1937, Haj Amin al-Husseini, mufti of Jerusalem and leader of the Arab Higher Committee, was hiding from the British authorities in the Haram al-Sharif, the holy sanctuary atop the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. On October 13, disguised as a Beduin, he fled to Lebanon via Jaffa. In Lebanon he received sanctuary from the French mandatory authorities but he fled again with the outbreak of war in 1939. This time he made his way to Baghdad disguised as a woman. In Baghdad in 1940 and 1941 he increased his contacts with Germany, offering to aid the Nazis in return for their help in gaining independence for the Arab states. The Italians helped him enter Turkey, and then he made his way to Rome on October 11. He met with Mussolini and then with Hitler on November 28. After the failure of various schemes to create an Arab military unit he eventually settled for recruiting Muslim volunteers to aid the Nazis from the Balkans, Bosnia and eventually Kosovo.

In speaking to potential recruits, Husseini stressed the connections they had to the Muslim nation fighting the British throughout the world: “The hearts of all Muslims must today go out to our Islamic brothers in Bosnia, who are forced to endure a tragic fate. They are being persecuted by the Serbian and communist bandits, who receive support from England and the Soviet Union… They are being murdered, their possessions are robbed and their villages are burned. England and its allies bear a great accountability before history for mishandling and murdering Europe’s Muslims, just as they have done in the Arabic lands and in India.”

Three divisions of Muslim soldiers were recruited: The Waffen SS 13th Handschar (”Knife”) and the 23rd Kama (”Dagger”) and the 21st Skenderbeg. The Skenderbeg was an Albanian unit of around 4,000 men, and the Kama was composed of Muslims from Bosnia, containing 3,793 men at its peak. The Handschar was the largest unit, around 20,000 Bosnian Muslim volunteers. According to the Encyclopedia of the Holocaust, “These Muslim volunteer units, called Handschar, were put in Waffen SS units, fought Yugoslav partisans in Bosnia and carried out police and security duties in Hungary. They participated in the massacre of civilians in Bosnia and volunteered to join in the hunt for Jews in Croatia.” Part of the division also escorted Hungarian Jews from the forced labor in mine in Bor on their way back to Hungary. The division was also employed against Serbs, who as Orthodox Christians were seen by the Bosnian Muslims as enemies.

The Handschar division surrendered to the British army on May 8, 1945. As many as 70,000 Bosnian Muslim POWs and their families were moved by the British army to Taranto in Italy. The creation of Marshal Tito’s Yugoslavia at the end of the war meant that former Bosnian Muslim volunteers in the German SS units could not return home for fear of prosecution or internment. George Lepre, a scholar on the history of the Handschar and author of Himmler’s Bosnian Division: The Waffen-SS Handschar Division 1943-1945 describes their fate: “Those Bosnians who elected to remain in the camps eventually found asylum in countries throughout the Western and Arab worlds. Many of those who settled in the Middle East later fought in Palestine against the new Israeli state.”

But first they had to get to the Middle East.

The formation of the Bosnian unit in 1947

The Bosnian Muslims, usually referred to as “Yugoslavs” in period newspaper accounts as well as in intelligence reports, remained in DP camps in Italy until 1947, when it was reported in The Palestine Post on April 18 that there was a “request from the Syrian government for the transfer of 8,000 Bosnian Moslem refugees at present in Italy. Yugoslav quarters here say that the Arab League has written to all Arab states, urging them to assist these Moslem DPs, and that some financial help has already been received. Yugoslav officials say that they too want these 8,000 Moslems back, as they are the Handschar Division of the German Wehrmacht which surrendered to the British… The Yugoslavs state that they view with the gravest concern the possibility of the transfer of this group to the Middle East.”

By December 1947 a nucleus of former Handschar officers had made their way to Syria and were beginning to reconstitute their unit in Damascus. A report by Israel Baer in the Post noted that “the latest recruits to the Syrian army are members of the Bosnian Waffen SS… It is reported that they are directing a school for commando tactics for the Syrian Army.”

No doubt the fledgling Syrian army which had been born in 1946 was in need of officers and trainers with experience. Emilio Traubner, writing on December 3, 1947, noted that the International Refugee Organization (IRO) was even convinced to fund the travel of Bosnian Muslims from Italy to the Middle East so that they could find homes since they refused to be repatriated to Yugoslavia.

In January 1948 Arab agents were working to recruit Bosnians for the fight in Palestine. On February 2, it was reported that 25 Bosnian Muslims had arrived in Beirut and were moving to Damascus to join 40 other Bosnians already there. A report by Jon Kimche on February 4 further noted that up to 3,500 were being transferred to Syria to fight alongside Fawzi Kaukji’s Arab Liberation Army (ALA) in its invasion of Palestine. On March 14 a party of 67 Albanians, 20 Yugoslavs and 21 Croats led by an Albanian named Derwish Bashaco arrived by boat in Beirut from Italy. They were hosted by the Palestine Arab Bureau and made their way to Damascus to join the ALA. In the first week of April another 200 Bosnians arrived in Beirut.

A lengthy report by Claire Neikind on March 2 described the procedure by which Arab agents were recruiting volunteers among the DPs in Italy. Men between 22 and 32 were sought and in return they would receive free passage to Beirut and their families would receive maintenance. According to Neikind, 300 men had already arrived and 90 Croatian Ustashi were also making there way. Fifty-seven were sent to Amman. Between December 1 and February 20 a total of 106 were sent to Syria. Neikind noted that “as soon as their families are settled, they enter Arab military service.”

If one accepts merely the low totals from newspaper accounts it appears that there were at least 520 Bosnians, 67 Albanians and 111 Croatians in Syria or Beirut, as well as 135 Bosnians on their way to Egypt and 57 Bosnians in Jordan. Thus 890 volunteers from Yugoslavia and Albania were in the Middle East by April 1948, before Israel’s declaration of independence on May 15, 1948.

Upon arrival the volunteers found their way to a camp at Katana, a military base west of Damascus that the Syrian army had provided for use by the Arab Liberation Army being assembled to invade Palestine. Here they met their commander, Fawzi Kaukji for the first time. Kaukji, 58, was a former Ottoman soldier who had fought in the Arab Revolt. Hagana intelligence estimated as many as 4,000 volunteers had joined his army.

In December of 2005, Hassan Haidar Diab, a journalist in Bosnia, was able to locate Kemal Rustomovic, a Bosnian who had served with the Yugoslav volunteers. He claimed to have been a member of the Arab Salvation Army where 150 of his fellow Bosnians served under a Bosnian officer named Fuad Sefkobegovic.

The Role of the Bosnians in the War of Independence

Since the fall of 1947 Arab forces under Abdel Khader Husseini and other locals had harassed Jewish traffic and supplies moving from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. A mixed Bosnian-Arab unit of the ALA had been dispatched to aid in the siege of Jerusalem and this unit found itself embroiled in the battle for Castel between April 3 and 8, 1948. This battle was part of the Hagana’s Operation Nahshon which was intended to relieve the siege of Jerusalem. It is not clear what became of the Bosnians who fought at Castel. Some may have retired to Ramallah, where it was reported on April 16 that Muslim foreigners including Yugoslavs had taken over the best hotels and “molested” the local population.

The next battle that the Bosnian units participated in was at Jaffa between April 25 and May 5. Jaffa had been allotted to the Arab state in the UN partition plan, but it was surrounded by territory allotted to the Jewish state. The battle began when the Irgun launched an attack on the city. According to the Hagana, there were 400 “Yugoslavs” and 200 Iraqis defending Jaffa. On April 28, Michel Issa, the Christian Arab commander of the Ajnadin Battalion, received orders from Kaukji to move from the Jerusalem foothills to relieve the siege of Jaffa. On the same day, Hagana intelligence noted that there were 60 “Yugoslavs” among the defenders of Jaffa. Issa arrived in Jaffa on April 29 ; the commander of Jaffa, Maj. Adil Najmuddin, deserted the city on May 1, leaving Issa and his Yugoslavs. According to Issa’s telegram to Kaukji, “Adil left [the] city by sea with all [the] Iraqis and Yugoslavs.” Prior to their departure the Yugoslavs had been billeted at local homes and their unit even included a cook.

Kemal Rustomovic recalled in his interview that he had first been at Nablus, then Jaffa and finally at Jenin. Between the evacuation of the Yugoslavs by sea from Jaffa and their reunion with the ALA, the State of Israel was born on May 15, 1948. On the same day five Arab armies invaded Israel and the war became much wider.

The ALA became a disorganized and largely spent force by the time it saw fighting again around Nazareth again in July. During the fighting in the North, Kaukji’s army of 2,500 men was reduced to only 800 and it was driven from Nazareth into northern Galilee. Rustomovic was one of these men according to his interview. The Post reported that the ALA still included “Yugoslavs.” On July 18 the Post reported that the British government’s intelligence had acted to “systematically sabotage [the] Palestine partition scheme” and provided as evidence the fact that England was aware of the presence of Bosnian volunteers in Syria.

During the fighting in October the IDF conquered the entire Galilee and parts of Southern Lebanon. A report on November 1, detailing the capture of the Galilee, noted that some “Yugoslavs” had been captured during the fighting that had driven the ALA and the Lebanese army from Palestine and actually found the IDF in Lebanon.

The Bosnians and the 1948 war, strange bedfellows?

It is not known what became of the Bosnians who served with the Arab forces in the 1948 war. Rustomovic, who was born in the village of Kuti in central Bosnia in 1928, joined the Lebanese army in 1950. He served his adopted country for 30 years, married a local woman and had seven daughters and five sons with her. He was granted Lebanese citizenship, unlike the Palestine refugees who fled to Lebanon, and retired from the army in 1980. According to him, none of the Bosnians who had served in the SS ever returned to Yugoslavia. Some ended up in the US, Australia and Canada. It is assumed that some also settled in Syria or elsewhere in the Middle East. Today many would be in their 80s and 90s and it is doubtful that many of them survive.

In the 1990s during the Balkan wars, Arabs would journey to the Balkans to participate in war between Bosnians and Serbs. In a strange twist they would be repaying the debt incurred when 900 or more Bosnian Muslims gave up their homes and past to come to the Middle East to serve the Muslim Arab cause. The involvement of these Bosnians may be seen as an early version of the linkage of Muslim conflicts throughout the world. This has gained increased exposure lately due to the involvement of foreign Muslim volunteers in the Algerian, Lebanese, Kashmiri, Sudanese and Afghani conflicts among others.

The writer is in a doctoral program at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and his MA thesis was on the Christian Arabs in the 1948 war.

http://www.sanfranciscosentinel.com/?p=12613



Admiration & worshipping



Highlights:



* Glorification.



* “The whole Arab youth is enthused by Adolf Hitler.”



* Islamicizing Adolf Hitler: ‘Abu Ali,’ ‘Muhammad Haidar.’



* Admirations till today.




Nazism in Syria and Lebanon. The Ambivalence of the German Option, 1933-1945 by Götz Nordbruch, Routledge, 2009, 209 pp.
Reviewed by Wolfgang G. Schwanitz




Hitler in the Levant: How Arabs Reacted to the Third Reich in Syria and Lebanon



The whole Arab youth is enthused by Adolf Hitler, wrote Kamil Muruwwa, the young editor of the Beirut paper An-Nida’, to the German Foreign Minister in Berlin. The year after Hitler came to power, Muruwwa translated Mein Kampf from English into Arabic and published it in daily installments in An-Nida’. Now he wants to edit the series as a book. But for this, he explains in his letter, he needs an additional 600 Marks. Therefore he is asking the German government for financial support in this endeavor.

http://www.jcpa.org/JCPA/Templates/ShowPage.asp?DBID=1&TMID=111&LNGID=1&FID=388&PID=0&IID=3235


The beast reawakens – Page 122 – Martin A. Lee – Routledge, 1999 [ISBN:0-415-92546-0] – 560 pages


Even though he loathed Arabs (he once described them as “lacquered half-apes who ought to be whipped”), Hitler was nonetheless the idol of the paramilitary Green Shirts, Egypt’s indigenous proto-fascist moevemnt, which referred to him as Abu Ali, the “good fighter.”

http://books.google.com/books?id=SX4B7pNG3W8C&pg=PA122


The dream palace of the Arabs: a generation’s odyssey Fouad Ajami – [Random House, Inc.] 1999 – 344 pages p. 78


…a popular couplet at the time taunted the French about Hitler’s victory:
Ya France, hiddi W’irhali Ijaki Hitler, Abu Ali,

Oh France, dismantle and be gone

After you is Hitler, Abu Ali
“Abu Ali” was the popular name given to neighborhood toughs, an endearing nickname. The German wreaking havoc on Europe was doing to the colonial masters …

http://books.google.com/books?id=z1Yf1rEwq28C&pg=PT78


Encyclopedia of the Holocaust: Volume 2 – Israel Gutman – 1990 – 1905 pages – Page 716



The German legation acquired an Iraqi daily, Al-Alim al-Arabi, which, beginning in October 1933 , serialized Hitler’s MEIN KAMPF, and published propaganda pieces praising the fascist regimes. Members of the intelligentsia and army officers were invited to Germany as guests of the Nazi party. Radical nationalist organizations inspired by fascist ideology were established such as…

http://books.google.com/books?&id=1SoYAAAAIAAJ&dq=Al-Futuwwa

The case for Israel – Alan M. Dershowitz – [John Wiley and Sons] 2003 – Biography & Autobiography – 264 pages – Page 54

… consul in Jerusalem that “the Muslims inside and outside Palestine welcome the new …
The sawstika became a welcome symbol among many Palestinians.
http://books.google.com/books?id=Dunx_i1P6fMC&pg=PA54

Prevent World War III. Society for the Prevention of World War III (New York, N.Y.) – 1959 – Page 41



Abu Ali, the affectionate name given to Adolf Hitler by his admirers in Iraq, has also returned to popularity. Incidentally, the name Abu Ali means “father of Ali,” ie, father of Rashid Ali. Photographs of Hitler are appearing again.

http://books.google.com/books?&id=ckHTAAAAMAAJ&dq=father+of+ali

Waiting for the dawn: an autobiography – Atallah Mansour – 1975 – 155 pages – Page 15


… and from time to time we began hearing unfavourable , comments on the British, predicting their defeat at the phands of ‘Abu Ali’ — Hitler. (The name Abu Ali normally I indicates admiration for a powerful leader. …

http://books.google.com/books?&id=6IFtAAAAMAAJ&dq=Abu+Ali


A Genealogy of Evil: Anti-Semitism from Nazism to Islamic Jihad – Page 97-98 – David Patterson – [Cambridge University Press] 2010 – 308 pages [ISBN 0521132614, 9780521132619]



“The close and at times active relationship that developed between Nazi Germany and sections of the Arab leadership, in the years from 1933 to 1945,” writes Lewis, … Party. Its leader Antun Saadeh (1904–1949) called himself the Fuhrer of the [p. 98] Syrian nation, among them Hitler became known as Abu Ali (in Egypt he was called Muhammad Haidar). The banner of the PPS displayed a stastika on a black-and-white background. Timmerman notes that this Islamic admiration of the Nazis extended into later years, when Muslims throughout the Middle East were naming their children after Adolf Hitler…


http://books.google.com/books?id=lMLmK-fmf8kC&pg=PA97

The closed circle: an interpretation of the Arabs – David Pryce-Jones – [Ivan R. Dee] 2002
[ISBN 1566634407, 9781566634403] – Page 201




Preposterously, Hitler himself was Islamicized on the radio and by word of mouth as “Abu Ali,” and in Egypt at least was referred to as “Muhammad Haidar.” As such, he was prayed for in every village, …

http://books.google.com/books?&id=VCQXAQAAIAAJ&dq=muhammad+haidar

The Nazi Connection to Islamic Terrorism: Adolf Hitler and Haj Amin Al-Husseini, by Chuck Morse – 2003 – Page 31 – 186 pages



In Heaven Allah, on Earth Hitler.” Many Arab intellectuals and revisionists now explain this affinity the Arabs had for Hitler and Nazism with the … The Arabs would go so far as to Islamicize Hitler’s name rendering it as Abu Ali,…

http://books.google.com/books?id=HGkthBwbNg8C&pg=PA31


The closed circle: an interpretation of the Arabs – David Pryce-Jones – 2002 – Page 194



To this day no Arab has written anything like a scholary study of the Holocaust; and the Arab expression of admiration for it have been frequent…

http://books.google.com/books?id=VCQXAQAAIAAJ&q=mein+kampf

[pp. 199-200]

Delegations of Syrian and Iraqis attended Nuremberg Party rallies. More than one Arab translated Hitler’s Mein Kampf into [p. 200] Arabic, and among them was Yunis el-Sabawi, an Iraqi and close associate of Rashid Ali and later to be hanged by the British.

http://books.google.com/books?id=VCQXAQAAIAAJ&q=mein+kampf

http://books.google.com/books?id=VCQXAQAAIAAJ&q=yunis


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Arabism’s racism against Kurds, Ba’athism, Saddam, gas, Halabja, Chemical Ali, etc.

January 28, 2010

Arabism’s racism against Kurds, Ba’athism, Saddam, gas, Halabja, Chemical Ali, etc.

Halabja: The Racism of so-called Arab Intellectuals towards Kurds …Mr. Al-Obaidi starting with wrong information on Halabja, which Halabja was not and is not a village. Halabja was and is a large Town. If not so, the Racist …
http://www.wadinet.de/news/iraq/newsarticle.php?id=569

KurdishMedia.com: News about Kurds and Kurdistan, 2 May 2009 … The Arab League as a useless ideological racist Arabist institution ….
http://www.kurdmedia.com/article.aspx?id=9285

Ali Hassan al-Majid, notorious for commanding the use of weapons of mass destruction against civilians in Kurdistan in 1988, has been sentenced to death again. This time the death sentence was due to his role in the crushing of the Shi’ite after the Persian Gulf War in 1991.

Majid, Saddam Hussein’s cousin, attempted his own theatrics, but the judge would have no part of it:

Judge Khalifa said Mr. Majid was guilty of crimes against humanity. Mr. Majid remained calm, but Mr. Ani shouted: “I welcome death if it is for Iraq, for pan-Arabism and for the Baath. Down with the American and Persian occupation!”

The judge responded, “Shut up.”
http://www.worldthreats.com/?p=375

Saddam cousin ‘Chemical Ali’ sentenced to hang for 1988 gas attack …The attacks were part of repeated attempts by Saddam’s government to suppress the Kurds,
http://www.newser.com/article/d9d9m6880/saddam-cousin-chemical-ali-sentenced-to-hang-for-1988-gas-attack-that-killed-5600-kurds.html

The Iraqi Special Tribunal: A Lack of Objectivity Concerns the Victim Nation…

…neither the Arab judges nor the Kurdish judges can be impartial about past cases of ethnic conflict. An Arab judge cannot be impartial toward the Kurds, as the case is related to the Kurdish genocide committed by Arabs.

[…]

Mass killing of the Kurds was motivated by eliminating a non-Arab national group, while the killing of Arab groups was not occurred due to dissimilar nationality. This tribunal makes use of rules, such as rule number 7, article 1, from 1958, which deals with the crime of occupation of another Arab country. The Arabs involve every rule that is in their own interest. This is not the same as the Kurdish interest. For instance, the Kurds have suffered under Arabization since the establishment of the Iraqi state, and there are many episodes and documents proving this.

However, there is not a single article in the statute of the tribunal regarding this crime.

Arabization should have a clear definition.

Arabization can be seen as a type of ethnic cleansing with particular characteristics. Arabism is central for Arabization, for instance a cleansed territory of the targeted group settles only by Arabs; the victims in some areas are forcibly pushed to accept Arab national identity only, and so on. Article 12 from the statute concerns crimes against humanity, which includes crimes such as extermination, but this in itself cannot encompass the crime of Arabization. The text is vague, does not give a precise definition of ethnic cleansing, and does not sufficiently deal with the ethnic cleansing committed against the Kurds.
http://www.nawandihalabja.com/en/index2.php?option=com_content&do_pdf=1&id=98

Saddam Hussein called the Kurds infidels to enable his Muslim soldiers to gas them. …
http://www.kurdistan.org/Current-Updates/stcloud042104.html

Saddam Charged in 1988 Gas Attack on Kurds, The Iraq tribunal announced… criminal charges against Saddam Hussein and six others
http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,190446,00.html

Although most of Hussein’s large-scale atrocities took place during the 1980s and early 1990s, his tenure was also characterized by day-to-day atrocities that attracted less notice. Wartime rhetoric regarding Hussein’s “rape rooms,” death by torture, decisions to slaughter the children of political enemies, and the casual machine-gunning of peaceful protesters accurately reflected the day-to-day policies of Saddam Hussein’s regime. Hussein was no misunderstood despotic “madman.” He was a monster, a butcher, a brutal tyrant, a genocidal racist–he was all of this, and more.
http://civilliberty.about.com/od/internationalhumanrights/p/saddam_hussein.htm

Monstrous Syria

October 28, 2008

Syria, Iran harboring terrorists – Jul. 21, 2003 http://www.cnn.com/2003/US/07/21/bush.terror

A NATION AT WAR: INTELLIGENCE REPORTS; Syria Harbors Iraqis and Grants Transit to Hezbollah, U.S. Asserts… a major terrorist threat to American and Israeli interests around the world. … [Published: April 15, 2003]
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F02EEDD113BF936A25757C0A9659C8B63

Syria: A 101 Course in Mideast Dictatorships – SPIEGEL ONLINE …When his powerful father died in 2000, Bashar al-Assad promised the end of political repression in Syria. But … [2005]http://www.spiegel.de/international/spiegel/0,1518,343242,00.html

Cleric’s Slaying a Rallying Cry for Kurds in Syria – Los Angeles Times The death of the mild-mannered sheik robbed Syria’s Kurds of a … He called for rights; he spoke out against the imprisonment and torture of Kurds. …
http://articles.latimes.com/2005/aug/14/world/fg-kurds14

The ascent of radical Islam is, perhaps, the natural culmination of a century’s worth of failed political systems in Muslim countries that were driven by morally bankrupt ideologies, led by cruel dictators, or both.In the 1930s, German-style fascism appealed to Arabs in Palestine and Egypt. Soviet-style communism had sympathetic governments in Afghanistan, Algeria and Yemen. Baathism took hold in Syria and Iraq. The secular Egyptian dictator Gamal Abdel Nasser promised a new pan-Arabism that would do away with colonial borders that divided the “the Arab nation.” Then there is the more pragmatic authoritarianism that survives in Muammar el-Qaddafi’s Libya or in the petrol-monarchies in the Gulf.Radical Islam may be as totalitarian and as morally bankrupt as any of these past or mostly defunct “isms,” but its current appeal isn’t hard to figure out. Unlike fascism or communism, radical Islam is locally grown, and not plagued by charges of foreign contamination. Indeed, Islamists claim to wage jihad against the modernism and globlization of the outside, mostly Westernized world. Such a message resonates in stagnant, impoverished Muslim countries….
http://www.realclearpolitics.com/articles/2006/12/why_radical_islam_and_why_now.html

Nuclear Weapons Programs – Syria It appears that the Syrian nuclear program came as a surprise to both the … The United States was concerned about Syria’s nuclear R&D [research and …
http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/syria/nuke.htm

‘USAF struck Syrian nuclear site’ Middle East Jerusalem Post Nov 2, 2007 … By JPOST.COM STAFF … The September 6 raid over Syria was carried out by the US Air Force, …
http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull&cid=1192380718519

Report: IDF raid seized nuclear material before Syria air strike http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/906334.html

BBC NEWS Americas Bush expands sanctions on Syria Feb 14, 2008 … Syria continues to undermine Lebanon’s sovereignty and democracy… and sponsor and harbour terrorists… http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/7244088.stm

Source: Intel shows N. Korea-Syria nuclear link – CNN.com US intelligence officials will tell members of Congress on Thursday that North Korea was helping Syria build a nuclear facility http://www.cnn.com/2008/POLITICS/04/23/syria.nuclear/index.html

Reports: CIA to brief Congress on nuke ties between Syria, North …Apr 23, 2008 … [they] also will say that though U.S. officials have had concerns for years about ties between North Korea and Syria…
http://blogs.usatoday.com/ondeadline/2008/04/reports-cia-to.html

U.S. offers evidence of North Korea-Syria nuclear plant – Los …US intelligence officials showed satellite images, classified photos and other evidence …
http://articles.latimes.com/2008/apr/25/world/fg-ussyria25

Syria planned to supply Iran with nuclear fuel, Israel says …Jun 25, 2008 … Strategic expert says idea was to share plutonium from site bombed by Israel last September.
http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/jun/25/syria.iran

Barbara Walters: Syrian Dictator ‘Charming,’ ‘Intelligent …Jul 7, 2008 http://www.newsbusters.org/blogs/justin-mccarthy/2008/07/07/barbara-walters-syrian-dicator-charming-intelligent

As the president of Kurdistan National Assembly of Syria, an umbrella organization of Syrian Kurds, I admire your efforts on behalf of human rights globally. I must however express my concerns with your views on having dialogues with Syria’s dictator Bashar Assad.
Dear Senator, the Middle East Conflict extends beyond the Arab-Israeli conflict. I would like to bring to your attention the Plight of Kurds in Syria. Senator, we seek your support in resolving the Kurdish question in Syria peacefully and through dialogue. You should know however that President Assad or Assad Regime has consistently and gravely violated the human and the national rights of the Kurdish people of Syria for the last five decades.
The Assad regimes of Hafez and Bashar deliberately Arabized the Kurdish region of Syria as a national policy. The result of Arabization rendered 300,000 Kurds “stateless foreigners” (ajanibin Arabic) and subject to oppression…
http://www.kurdishaspect.com/doc042508SA.html

September 28, 2008 No. 466 Mass Killings and Human Rights Violations in Syria… policy of oppression, physical aggression, and killing. …
http://www.memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Page=archives&Area=ia&ID=IA46608

Officials try to deport man with link to Syrian terror groupNational Post, Canada – Sep 30, 2008… officials are trying to deport a London, Ont., adult education teacher because he was once a member of a Syrian political party involved in terrorism. …
http://www.nationalpost.com/news/story.html?id=851308

Mass Killings and Human Rights Violations in Syria: Report By O …Sep 29, 2008 … Syrian human rights activist George Salim recounts the torture he endured … Kurds in Syria often speak Kurdish in public, unless all those …
http://ekurd.net/mismas/articles/misc2008/9/syriakurdistan151.htm

OPEC Regimes: The “Change They Need” in US Foreign PolicyHuman Events, DC – [Oct 26, 2008]In the ranking of Human Rights abuses around the world, Angola’s MPLA-controlled government ranks only 157 ahead of Syria, Venezuela, Iran, Libya and Cuba…
http://www.humanevents.com/article.php?id=29192

Lebanese prime minister alerts US to Syrian terror plot as pretext …DEBKA file, Israel – Oct 6, 2008The prime minister said the tip-off he received uncovered a Syrian conspiracy to stage a major terrorist operation or assassinate a Lebanese figure…
http://www.debka.com/headline.php?hid=5633

Syria Created It’s Own Terror Problem CBS News [0ct 17, 2008]http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2008/10/17/opinion/main4528930.shtml

Technorati –

ARABISM = RACISM!

October 18, 2008

ARABISM = RACISM!

ARABISM = THE RACISM!

 

 

The wild racist virus on a vicious campaign of burning all non-Arab ethnicities down, main victims include:

Kurds, Jews, Berbers, Persians, Africans.

 

 

General links & articlesConcised InfoWatch, videos

 

Arabism Equals Racism

http://www.frontpagemag.com/Articles/ReadArticle.asp?ID=24912

The Kurdish people in Syria has been subjected to racist Arabist policies … social backwardness and the repression of non-Arab nations and minorities

http://home.cogeco.ca/~dbonni1/18-3-03-opinion-kamal-miraddeli.html

Hanging Saddam: New Middle East’s Aurora America’s lethal enemy: Pan-Arabism

A free Iraqi, free of the mental pestilence of Pan-Arabism. He was free of any criminal intimidation expressed by any criminal bogus-ambassador of a Pan-Arabist tyranny! And the verdict was a victory for the long tyrannized peoples of that land… – http://www.theconservativevoice.com/article/20525.html

Arabism at its Most Ugly http://beirut2bayside.blogspot.com/2004/07/arabism-at-its-most-ugly_23.html

‘Eurabia’ Defined Arab and Islamic anti-Israeli propaganda, barely disguised in academic and … and geopolitics of Euro-Arabism; in this process, European anti-Americanism…

http://www.faithfreedom.org/oped/AndrewBostom51116.htm

Lounsbury: Darfur – On Racism, On Ignorance, [Arabism, Arab supremacist government in Sudan,] On Laziness and just plain stupidity (and Arab responses)

http://lounsbury.aqoul.com/archives/2004/08/darfur_on_racis.html

Deep down in Darfur – TLS Highlights – Times Online Darfur’s Islamist leaders were already disaffected. Handicapped by the latent Arabist racism of the leadership, which hails, as it always has, …

http://tls.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,25346-1886267_4,00.html

 

The Arab League as a useless ideological racist Arabist institution has existed only to promote Arabism and Arab racism against colonised non-Arab nations. …

http://www.kurdmedia.com/article.aspx?id=9285

BBC News Monitoring Saddam Hussein’s speech …Serving Islam and Arabism. The firm stand of jihad is the destiny of the people…

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/monitoring/263295.stm

Behind the violence in Iraq… Anbar…The province contains an explosive mix of Arabism, radical Islam (Salafi Wahhabism), and very rigid tribalism…

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/3148223.stm

Baghdad’s Buried Treasure – New York Times …Because the Baath Party’s chauvinistic pan-Arabism and totalitarianism has for decades defined Iraq’s image to the world…

http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9A01EFD6113BF935A25757C0A9659C8B63

[March, 2003] The Islamists and the Pan-Arabists could be compared, in these ambitions, with the Italian Fascists of Mussolini’s time, who wanted to resurrect the Roman Empire, and to the Nazis, who likewise wanted to resurrect ancient Rome, except in a German version. The most radical of the Pan-Arabists openly admired the Nazis and pictured their proposed new caliphate as a racial victory of the Arabs over all other ethnic groups. Qutb and the Islamists, by way of contrast, pictured the resurrected caliphate as a theocracy, strictly enforcing shariah, the legal code of the Koran. The Islamists and the Pan-Arabists had their similarities then, and their differences. (And today those two movements still have their similarities and differences — as shown by bin Laden’s Qaeda, which represents the most violent wing of Islamism, and Saddam Hussein’s Baath Party, which represents the most violent wing of Pan-Arabism.)

http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F01E7D91731F930A15750C0A9659C8B63&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=2

Arab condemns Mideast silence on Sudan “The chief culprit in this particular case seems to be pan-Arabism, the fascist movement … “And despite pan-Arabism’s crushing military defeat in 1967, …

http://www.wnd.com/news/article.asp?ARTICLE_ID=42129

CNN.com – Group lays claim to London blasts – 8 Jul 2005 … The statement said Islam and “Arabism” could “receive the glad tidings.” “It is time of revenge against the crusader and Zionist British …

http://www.cnn.com/2005/WORLD/europe/07/07/explosions.claim/index.html

Arabists, “Arab Oil Interests”, “Pro-Arab Sympathisers” – The …Arabists: The Romance of an American Elite, by Robert D. Kaplan . The Secret War Against the Jews…

http://www.peacefaq.com/arabists.html

Arabist Indoctrination At Middlebury CollegeI passed word to the Jewish students, but they said they preferred not to ask the … Students eager to curry favor with Arabist professors would contribute …

http://www.christiansofiraq.com/Arabist886.html

Despite the claims of terrorist organizations, Israel’s current two-front war is not just about land. After all, Hezbollah and Hamas fired rockets from Lebanon and Gaza well after Israel had withdrawn from both places… At one time or another, they have welcomed all the bankrupt ideologies that traditionally blame others for prior self-induced failure: fascism, communism, Ba’athism, Pan-Arabism and, most recently, Islamic fundamentalism.

http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2006/aug/04/20060804-091356-4614r/

The Arabists Among Us

By James M. Hutchens

In 1995, a New York Times “Notable Book of the Year,” was Robert D. Kaplan’s The Arabists. It is a fascinating and insightful account of how the State Department of the United States government became, and remains, pro-Arab.

Basically, it is a story of how, over the last two centuries, the children of missionaries to the Muslim world of the Middle East, have been pipelined through Ivy League schools into the State Department. Once embedded there, in the Office of Near Eastern Affairs, their love for the Arab peoples and culture has had a major determining influence on our Middle East policy, especially as that relates to Israel. As one put it, “The Jews were a distant, unreal world to us then, but the Palestinians were individuals we knew” (page 4).

Another is more chilling, “to a man, the American community in Syria and Lebanon remained opposed to the State of Israel and some even crossed the line into anti-Semitism” (page 7). The fact is, many of these missionaries were from mainline Protestant denominations, whose doctrinal stance regarding Israel was one of supersessionism or replacement theology. With a doctrinal justification for Christians replacing Jews as the covenant people of God, it was a short step for these missionaries and their children to adopt a pro-Arab political posture.

While the “Arabist” position has been well entrenched in the State Department for decades, it was given an industrial-strength adrenaline shot during the tenure of Secretary of State James Baker. That same pro-Palestinian bias remains and appears to hold hostage our current Secretary of State, Colin Powell.

http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/986542/posts

http://www.amazon.com/Arabists-American-Robert-D-Kaplan/dp/0028740238

The pretense of pan-Arab or pan-Islamic solidarity has long served as a dangerous elixir in Palestinian political circles, stirring unrealistic hopes and expectations and, at key junctures, inciting widespread and horrifically destructive violence. Self-serving interventionism under these false pretenses had the effect of transforming the bilateral Palestinian-Israeli dispute into a multilateral Arab-Israeli conflict, thereby prolonging its duration, increasing its intensity, and making its resolution far more complex and tortuous. Only when the local political elites reconcile themselves to the reality of state nationalism and forswear the false notions of pan-Arab and pan-Muslim solidarity, let alone the imperialist chimera of a unified “Arab nation” or a worldwide Islamic umma, will the long overdue regional stability will be finally attained and the Arab-Israeli conflict resolved. Not the other way round.

http://www.nysun.com/opinion/pan-muslim-fiction/38742/

action in Afghanistan and Iraq is seen as marking the end of an era–the era in which the region’s politics was dominated by pan-Arabism and Islamism.

http://www.weeklystandard.com/Utilities/printer_preview.asp?idArticle=4247&R=9EAC120BC

pan-Arabism — the main movement in the Middle East since 1945 — was supplanted by pan-Islamism. …

http://www.weeklystandard.com/weblogs/TWSFP/2006/01/world_war_iv_as_fourthgenerati.asp

Blood, soil [Michel Aflaq composed a Koranic super narrative of Arabism, soil and Islam]

jpost Sep, 24 2008 24 Sep 2008

Faith, blood, people and soil… Such themes also come together in that most hideous of Middle Eastern fascist movements, Ba’athism. Ba’athism’s founding thinkers, the Syrians Sati al-Husri and Michel Aflaq, composed a Koranic super narrative of Arabism, soil and Islam. They wrote of an Islam as the great cultural and intellectual achievement of the Arab people, and it in turn formed a symbiotic relationship with Arabism, such that they flowed from one another, locked in an eternal embrace.

http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1222017382909&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull

Origin of Islam – A historical human rights guide to Islam …Today Islam’s main weapon has been oil-money serving pan-Arabism. … dictatorship and Arabic racism and the systematic killing and raping in Sudan/Darfur http://www.geocities.com/klevius/MuslimRacism.html?1111924826171

[US’ defeating] al Qaeda. Its defeat finally pricked the Muslim myth that the jihadists were a military match for the U.S., just as Israel’s victory in the Six-Day war of 1967 made a mockery of the martial pretensions of pan-Arabism and dealt Nasser a near-fatal blow.

http://europenews.dk/en/node/14249

Arabism and the on-going Palestinian terrorism

http://media.www.mustangdaily.net/media/storage/paper860/news/2006/04/27/LettersToTheEditor/Arabism.And.The.OnGoing.Palestinian.Terrorism-2100073.shtml?sourcedomain=www.mustangdaily.net&MIIHost=media.collegepublisher.com

Sudan is a perfect illustration of a mix of islamofascism and “Arabism is Racism” gone unopposed. Want to make a movie? Here are some additional ideas…

http://www.anti-com.com/weblog/archives/2004_06.html

Across the Bay: Arabism at its Most Ugly She left out that other still unresolved horror show in Sudan where the victims … There you have it, Arabism at its finest. And this deadly ideology is …

http://beirut2bayside.blogspot.com/2004/07/arabism-at-its-most-ugly_23.html

Arabists, “Arab Oil Interests”, “Pro-Arab Sympathisers” – The Peace Encyclopedia

Arabists in government do not have names like Hamadi or Abdullah.

They can be generally defined as either motivated by money or as Arabists: meaning they ideologically agree with Arab orders.

http://peace.heebz.com/arabists.html

A RETURN TO PAN-ARABISM – 30-Dec-94Khaddam, like Nasser in his day, speaks about.. about the need for pan-Arabism in order to block Israel

http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/Archive/Articles/1994/A%20RETURN%20TO%20PAN-ARABISM%20-%2030-Dec-94

Falsehood of Pan-Arabism, Progenitor of Wars and Tyrannies Colonial practice and diffusion of Pan-arabism. Because this did not happen, …. Peace depends only on the extinction of the falsehood “Pan-Arabism”. …

http://phoenicia.org/panarab.html

(HALF ADMISSION BY AN ARAB WRITER…) The new pan-Arabism thrives on …The new pan-Arabism thrives on negativity By Turi Munthe Commentary by Saturday, April 02, 2005. On February 12, Palestinian security officials reported …

http://www.dailystar.com.lb/article.asp?edition_id=10&categ_id=5&article_id=13948

Pan-Arabism & the professor

In the words of political science professor Adeed Dawisha, pan-Arabism at its inception was deeply influenced by European fascism, with the result that “Arab nationalists, infused with the illiberal ideas of cultural nationalism, had almost nothing to say about personal liberty and freedom.”

Thus, in keeping with his pan-Arab beliefs, Maksoud has apologized or excused the excesses of assorted Arab tyrannies.

http://www.campus-watch.org/article/id/1308

Better Mediterraneanism than Arabism… I prefer Mediterraneanism to Arabism. An Arab friend of mine from Bahrain told me some time ago: “The Middle East as a region is becoming increasingly …
http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?apage=1&cid=1215331010705&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull
http://shalem-enews.com/6_day_war_communique/day%203-4.html

Arabists vs. the Middle East – Campus Watch

Having done hardly any independent research on the twentieth-century Middle East, Cole’s analysis of this era is essentially derivative, echoing the conventional wisdom among Arabists and Orientalists regarding Islamic and Arab history…

Cole, the Arabist, expresses the views of Arab nationalists and their Islamist allies.

Arab nationalists express their views through the use of terrorism, financial incentives and ethnic cleansing.

http://www.campus-watch.org/article/id/1967

“Terrorism and Racism: The Aftermath of Durban,” by Anne F. Bayefsky Durban uncovered racism as a real root cause of terrorism, a motivation which the … by the victims of anti-Arabism in the United States and elsewhere. …

http://www.jcpa.org/jl/vp468.htm

Islam Watch – “An Introduction to Real Islam” by Shabana Muhammad… is the cradle of pan-Arabism and the root cause of not only … Allah favours Arab racism’ prophet is to be of Quraysh stock and of white complexion. …

http://www.islam-watch.org/Shabana/RealIslam/Chapter2.htm

Racism Masquerading As Arab-Islamic Nationalism By Charles Deng – This racist attitude leads the troika to the obvious hostility to the SPLM and … North imposition of Arabism and Islamism on the African South…

http://www.sudaneseonline.com/en2/publish/Articles_and_Analysies_12/Racism_Masquerading_As_Arab-Islamic_Nationalism_By_27.shtml

Kurdistan Observer The Arab League as a useless ideological racist Arabist institution has existed only to promote Arabism and Arab racism against colonised non-Arab nations. …

http://mywebpage.netscape.com/KO%20News/23-9-03-opinion-mirawdeli-kurdistani-intellec.html

CMIP – CENTER FOR MONITORING THE IMPACT OF PEACE: REPORTS [the sense of] Arabism is firmly established in (Arab racist textbooks) Israel is depicted as an alien entity that Imperialism has planted in the midst of the Arab homeland in order to crush the Arabs. Hence, it is both illegitimate and artificial.

http://www.edume.org/reports/6/5.htm

Undoubtedly, Iranians of all stripes are offended at the “Arab Gulf” scandal, not to mention pan-Arabist attempts at fomenting Arab racism against Iranians.

Arabs have complained (with justification) that they are portrayed negatively in western press, media and education, yet so many in the Arab world are unaware of the Husri-Shawkat-Aflaq legacy of racism within their own ranks.

http://www.venusproject.com/ecs/aFarrokhArab.html

Who is Racist in the Middle East – Zionism or Arabism?

http://www.zionism-israel.com/log/archives/00000012.html

Understanding the Problem in the Middle East Netanyahu says: “The soldiers of militant Islam and Pan-Arabism do not hate … need a place to escape to because of a specific racism called antisemitism. …

http://www.omdurman.org/mideast.html

Berber Leader: “No Worse Colonialism Than That of the Pan-Arabist Clan”

http://www.memri.org/bin/opener_latest.cgi?ID=SD156907

Why black Africa should resist Arab domination of African Union

http://afgen.com/arab_domination.html

Arab Colonization Series: Pan-Africanism vs Pan-Arabism Nigerian …Arab racism, whose wellspring is the Koran itself…

http://www.nigeriavillagesquare.com/articles/chinweizu/arab-colonization-series-pan-africanism-vs-pan-ar-2.html

MAURITANIA: SLAVERY, ETHNIC CLEANSING, DEMOCRATIC OPPOSITION …unfortunately, coming back to pan-Arabism and the international Baath …. And I believe the struggle against racism and slavery in Mauritania…

http://ww4report.com/node/1022

FIFTY YEARS OLD AND DYING – Amir Taheri – Benador Associates, Nasser had his dream of pan-Arabism which would make Egypt the leader… to the capital of suffering left by centuries of slavery and oppression. …

http://www.benadorassociates.com/article/14024

Amazon.com: Islamic Imperialism : A History: Books: Efraim Karsh, Middle East scholar Karsh surveys for a general audience the region’s Islamic political past. Parallel to his narrative, Karsh frequently contrasts the universalistic proclamations of Islam with cycles of imperial consolidation and fragmentation. After recounting the Prophet Muhammad’s religio-political establishment of Islam, and the discord about his legacy that continues today, Karsh narrates the battles over Muhammad’s caliphate that eventuated in the Umayyad and Abbasid Empires. Karsh’s commentary often looks forward to contemporary ideologues of Islam who ransack history to justify grievances. In Karsh’s coverage, the irruption of the Crusaders into the Levant hardly provoked a jihad to eject them; that occurred, in his account, through politically ordinary processes of empire building, eventually by the celebrated Saladin. Islamic unity and zeal, however, had always to be affirmed by reestablishers of the caliphate, a theme Karsh incorporates into his chronicling of the rise and decline of the Ottoman Empire, the distribution of its territories after World War I, and varieties of pan-Arabism prevalent after World War II. An informative foundation for further exploration of Islamic history.

http://www.amazon.com/Islamic-Imperialism-History-Efraim-Karsh/dp/0300106033

How a British jihadi saw the light – Times Online I sat there pondering on the pan-Arab denial of the truth, a refusal to accept that the ….. Racism and even slavery are rampant in the Middle East. …

http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/books/book_extracts/article1685726.ece – Jun 30, 2007

Op-Ed: What apartheid is and is not – The Stanford Daily Online And while black labor was exploited in slavery-like conditions under apartheid, ….. Islam is clearly anti-Semitic and racist against the Jews. …

http://daily.stanford.edu/article/2006/11/13/opedWhatApartheidIsAndIsNot

…Pan-Arabism should more accurately be seen as a subset, a limited version with more modest initial goals — today Arabdom, tomorrow the world. And since Islam is a vehicle for Arab imperialism, pan-Arabism means, necessarily, promotion of Islam, and vice-versa. The goal of a unified Arab state, the goal that Nasser was said to embody, was merely a way-station on the path — fi sabil Allah — to spreading Islam until it, and therefore the Arabs (the “best of peoples”) would everywhere dominate. Pan-Arabism was not, as so many wrong-headed analysts would have it, a movement hostile to Islam or to what is often called, misleadingly, “pan-Islamism” (which is merely the geopolitical dimension of mainstream Islam).

http://jihadwatch.org/dhimmiwatch/archives/018897.php

Islamism and Baathism aren’t that different. – By Lee Smith …, “Arab nationalism,” Kedourie explained, “affirms a fundamental unbreakable link between Islam and Arabism.”

http://www.slate.com/id/2108576/

The Ba’ath party was founded in Syria in 1928 by Michel Aflaq and Salah al-Din Bitar with a pan-Arab nationalist program and elements of both Marxism and fascism.  Aflaq and Bitar were influenced by Arab nationalist trends that had begun in time of the Turks, inspired in part by the Islamic and Arab reform ideologies of Jamal al-Din al-Afghani (1839-1897), his student Muhammad Abduh (1849-1905), and Abduh’s student, Muhammad Rashid Rida (1865-1935). These thinkers called for a renewal of Islam, with limited borrowing of concepts from the West. Abduh in particular was active in promoting Arab autonomy within Ottoman Turkey, and had placed great hopes in the Young Turks. Rida grew increasingly anti-Western with time, and was a great influence on Hassan El-Banna, who founded the Muslim Brotherhood. While Aflaq was a Greek Orthodox Christian, Ba’ath ideology adopted an affinity for Islam, and Pan-Arabists saw one of their goals as asserting the primacy of the Arabs in the Muslim world.
http://www.mideastweb.org/Middle-East-Encyclopedia/pan-arabism.htm

Ba’athism was a deliberate copy of European Fascism; it tried to replace Islam in the people’s minds with Arabism, a fascistic glorification af Arab history …
http://www.physicsforums.com/archive/index.php/t-69426.html

Encyclopedia of the Developing World: Index – Google Books Resultby Thomas M. Leonard – 2006 – Social Science – 1759 pages
… Pan-Arabism with an emphasis on socialism incorporating ideas from Italian fascism. Ba’ath ideology.. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=3mE04D9PMpAC&pg=PA71&lpg=PA71&dq=fascism+arabism&source=web&ots=6yKRzEp8z1&sig=zpTQkk5oIBawD7APo97CuysVE3o&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=5&ct=result

In an article titled “The Arab Silence on Darfur Revisited,” Abu Khawla, a human rights activist and former chair of the Tunisian section of Amnesty International, points out that pan-Arabism is the chief culprit for the lack of Arab reaction to the “horrendous crime being committed by their fellow Arabs in Sudan.” In his view, the only effective way to counter the pan-Arab “propaganda of hate-mongering and deceit” is to mobilize the Arab liberal movement.

http://www.memri.org/bin/latestnews.cgi?ID=SD83504

Pan-Arabism’s Legacy Undoubtedly, Iranians of all stripes are offended at the “Arab Gulf” scandal, not to mention pan-Arabist attempts at fomenting Arab racism against Iranians. …

http://www.venusproject.com/ecs/aFarrokhArab.html

//ga0.org/img/act2/custom_images/freedom_action/Darfur-refugee-conditions-72-dpi.jpg” cannot be displayed, because it contains errors.

In Sudan’s largely non-Muslim south, it’s a combination of both Arab racism and the conquest of the Dar ul-Islam’s exemplified also in the expected subjugation and dhimmitude of Egyptian Copts, Lebanon’s Christians, Near Eastern Assyrians, and Israel, the Jew of the Nations, home to whom Arabs call “their kilab yahud” Jew dogs.

http://www.michnews.com/artman/publish/article_20134.shtml

Back in the ’60s, the first modern civil war broke out between the non-Muslim black African south and the Arab and Arabized… north in the Sudan, Sudanese President Nimeiry’s stated during the slaughter of over a half million blacks at this time (and over a million more ever since) that: ‘the Sudan is the basis of the Arab thrust into…black Africa, the Arab civilizing mission (Arabism and Pan-Arabism in Sudanese Politics, Journal of Modern African Studies, Vol. 11, #2, 1973, pp. 177-78).’

http://geraldahonigman.com/blog.php?id=P98

Berber Leader Belkacem Lounes: ‘There Is No Worse Colonialism Than That of the Pan-Arabist Clan that Wants to Dominate Our People’

http://www.north-of-africa.com/article.php3?id_article=403

Hiding Arab Racism, May 1, 2005

By Adel Makhoul

This book, like Culture and Imperialism, is essentially about Western prejudice against Islam. [Edward] Said condemns intellectuals in the West who in his eyes are “agents of exploitation”. Yet Said himself is an agent of racism: Arab Racism.

A Pan Arabist, he always supported Arab unity and “Islam” at the expense of non-Arab and non-Moslem peoples. Said directs and manipulates the Western taste for self criticim, and all that does is deflect the world’s attention from Arab and Moslem attrocities committed against Christians, Kurds, Jews, Israelis, Coptic Christians, non-Arab Sudanese, etc.

http://www.amazon.com/review/R1FZS0RYTC94JP

South Sudan and the problem of Arab racism in Black Africa

Khartoum’s project is the Arabization of Sudan. Khartoum is determined that Sudan will eventually become wholly an Arab land with all its diverse African peoples converted into Arabs. Sudan is Khartoum’s pilot project, backed by the Arab League, in the Islamisation and Arabisation of Black Africa.

It has been noted by Opoku Agyeman that Pan-Arabism, in its so-called ‘civilizing mission’ perceives Africa as a ‘cultural vacuum’ waiting to be filled by Arab culture “by all conceivable means” (Agyeman, Opoku “Pan Africanism vs. Pan Arabism”, Black Renaissance, 1994, p.39) including Islamisation, and the settlement of Arab populations on lands forcibly seized from Africans. The assumptions, objectives and methods of this project may be illustrated from the statements of its principal implementers in Sudan since the 1820s:

http://www.guardiannewsngr.com/sunday_magazine/article11//indexn3_html?pdate=300308&ptitle=South%20Sudan%20and%20the%20problem%20of%20Arab%20racism%20in%20Black%20Africa%20&cpdate=010408

To this day, Islam has retained its imperial ambitions. The dream of regional and world domination has remained very much alive, despite the destruction long ago of the last great Muslim empire, which has left the Islamic caliphate vacant. The 20th century doctrine of pan-Arabism (exemplified by Egypt’s Gamal Abdel Nasser), though secular in appearance, has been effectively Islamic in its ethos, worldview, and imperialist vision. Karsh quotes Nuri Said, longtime prime minister of Iraq and a prominent early champion of pan-Arabism: “Although Arabs are naturally attached to their native land, their nationalism is not confined by boundaries. It is an aspiration to restore the great tolerant civilization of the early caliphate.”

http://www.jewishtimes-sj.com/news/2008/0815/columns/018.html

Attacks on Jews by Arabs in Concordia University the “centre of militant Arabism in Canada”

http://www.hfienberg.com/kesher/2002_09_08_kesher_archive.html

Doing Zionism – Resources and articles on Israeli Arabs

There was a certain degree of anti-Jewish rhetoric present in these protests. … Once the Israeli Arabs had re-encountered their Palestinian brethren in …

http://www.wzo.org.il/doingzionism/resources/expand_subject.asp?id=151

So much for the good Israeli Arabs Jewish Journal

Sam – The word Ultra Orthodox is an invention of the anti Jewish media that seeks ….. Israeli Arabs feel the same denial of Israel as a Jewish State as do …

http://www.jewishjournal.com/forums/viewthread/1367/P75/

…Similarly, the assorted versions of pan-Arabism — Nasserism, Ba’athism — were seen as alternatives to Islam, when in fact they were not alternatives at all. They merely displayed, for quite specific and local reasons, an emphasis on “Uruba” or Arabdom that was explicable given the impoverished state of the “Islamic world” and the fact that there were local stumbling blocks to pan-Islamism (including the lack of financial wherewithal). In Turkey Kemalists were in control; in Iran there was the Shah, trying in his maladroit way to emphasize the pre-Islamic past. Pan-Arabism was a version of pan-Islamism, a subset, which at the time seemed to be as much as one could hope for. Nasser or Saddam Hussein could dream of being King of the Arabs, but the idea of a much bigger operation, especially since for both Nasser and Saddam Hussein the most dangerous political opposition was mosque-based (the Muslim Brotherhood for Nasser, the Shi’a clerics for Saddam Hussein), was out of the question.

http://newenglishreview.org/blog_display.cfm?blog_id=5685

Rethinking Nationalism in the Arab Middle East – Google Books Result

by James P. Jankowski, I. Gershoni – 1997 – History – 372 pages … Salut (FIS) uses the 1967 defeat as proof that Arabism, being a form of racism, cannot elicit a sense of community, pride, and readiness for sacrifice. …

http://www.blogger.com/%E2%80%9Dhttp://books.google.co.uk/books?id=f3axNF2GdCkC&pg=PA213&lpg=PA213&dq=arabism+racism+-anti-arabism&source=web&ots=vdQnfs7B5Z&sig=3XK3NSo7kKiC3gK8xAHKlwiGpAs&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=9&ct=result%E2%80%9D

The Myth of the Jewish Race – Google Books Result

by Raphael Patai, Jennifer Patai – 1989 – History – 456 pages

In 1960 the French Comite d’Action de Defense Democrat ique published a pamphlet titled Racism and Pan-Arabism: A Conspiracy against Human Liberties, …

this is followed by a paper by Shlomo Friedrich on “Pan-Arabism: A New Racist Menace? ..

http://books.google.com/books?id=Xt7f6WBEP0EC&pg=PA187&lpg=PA187&dq=pan-arabism+is+a+menace&source=web&ots=tJRgYj1k9x&sig=DSzYzEbg2-woZhyI8itan6DX4Uc&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=5&ct=result

Syrian Liberal Nidhal Na’isa On the West, Pan-Arabism, Islamism, and Al-Jazeera

MEMRI ^ May 17 2007

Syrian liberal author Nidhal Na’isa began his career in journalism as a teenager, at the government dailies Al-Thawra and Syria Times,(1) but today he is a vocal opponent of the Arab regimes and the pan-Arab ideology, as well as of Islamism and Islamist terrorism. He has written that due to the Islamist “tsunami,” the Middle East could be declared an “intellectual disaster zone”; that if one were to try to sell pan-Arab identity to “the bushmen and the cannibals” they wouldn’t buy it; and that the pan-Arab media is “a harbinger of ill, pain, and destruction.” In contrast, he praises the West for its humanism and its respect for the individual, and writes that, given the current state of affairs in the Arab world, the real question is not “why does the West hate us?” but rather why it does not.

The following are excerpts from some of Nidhal Na’isa’s recent articles:

“We Could Declare [The Middle East] an Intellectual Disaster Zone After the Surging Fundamentalist Tsunami Swept Through”

In an interview published April 23, 2007 on the liberal Arab website Aafaq, Na’isa discussed the Islamist phenomenon:

“The world is swept up in globalization, whereas our unfortunate regions are being swept up everywhere by fundamentalism. We could declare [the Middle East] an intellectual disaster area after the surging fundamentalist tsunami swept through it.

“This is a wave that came after the slaughter, on the debris of the failure and disintegration of the leftist pan-Arab projects, [when] their intellectual hollowness and the superficiality of their proposals… became evident…

“Fundamentalism is a notion that disturbs the sleep of everybody concerned with the present and the future of this region. All of us are fundamentalists, when fundamentalism is taken in the sense of tenacious clinging to [our] opinion and rejection of the other. I see fundamentalism on the faces of all, in their thoughts and proposals. Nobody comes to terms with the other; no one pays attention to anyone else. In my view, this is fundamentalism in its more important and fuller meaning…”

“In Our Totalitarian Societies… Leaving [the Fold of] Collective Thought is Considered Error, Heresy, and Atheism”

When asked about the phenomenon of increasing religiosity in Syria, Na’isa said that it was part of “the spread of the culture of the herd and ‘group’ thinking, which means the negation of the individual and the individual’s importance in creation, development, and originality.”

He continued: “Western civilization was founded on unleashing individual initiative and glorification of individual reason – and not collective reason, which is generally emotive and not of sound judgment.

“In our totalitarian societies, the collective ‘I’ prevails over the individual ‘I,’ and all become equals under the podiums of the [Islamic] jurisprudents. Leaving [the fold of] collective thought is considered error, heresy, and atheism…”

Na’isa’s praise for the West does not, however, extend to current U.S. policy in the region, which he feels has been counterproductive and has fed extremism: “Much of the religiosity in our societies is based on the principle ‘not out of love for ‘Ali, but in order to spite Mu’awiya,’ [i.e.] in order to spite the current regimes, and in order to goad George Bush and the U.S., which acts in a reckless, thoughtless, and foolish manner, and, through its policies, increases the strength of this [fundamentalist] current…

“So long as the [Syrian] nationalist opposition forces remain repressed and banned, and religious activity is the sole [kind of activity] permitted and tolerated, many will see in it a shelter for the expression of… their identities as [people who] reject the Arab constellation of despotism…”

The Syrian Media is “A Mongoloid Child, Retarded and Underdeveloped”

In the interview, Na’isa draws a clear distinction between past heroes of resistance to colonialism and those whom the modern Arab media crowns as martyrs:

“It goes without saying, and is clear to anyone with eyes to see, that there is a distinction between [on the one hand] someone who ends a life full of human giving and sacrifice… and who worked for a noble and lofty goal, and [on the other hand] someone with a black history… The lying pan-Arabist, Islamist-propagandist media will never succeed in creating saints and martyrs out of slaughterers, butchers, and hired killers…

“The hypocritical pan-Arab hissing [i.e. the pan-Arab media]… has poisoned our lives and turned them into a cheap lie…. The viper, before it bites, emits a hissing sound, which is a harbinger of ill, pain, and destruction.”

Na’isa said of the Syrian media in particular that it is “a mongoloid child, retarded and underdeveloped.”(2)

“In Truth, I Think That Those Wicked ‘Infidels’ Love Us More Than We Hate Them”

On April 22, 2007, Nidhal Na’isa published an article on the liberal Arab website Elaph titled “Why Don’t They Hate Us?” in which he lampooned the Islamists’ anti-West discourse:

“A great part of the fiery, devout, [Islamic] revivalist discourse… is based on [the claim] that the ‘infidel’ West is our mortal archenemy, that it hates us with the greatest hatred, and that it does not let any opportunity pass for hatching conspiracies and striking at us.

“[It is also based on the claim] that all of the backwardness, misery, deterioration, decline, defeats, and baseness currently present in the Arab and Muslim worlds are due to an uninterrupted flood of machinations on the part of those evil infidels. [The claim is] that they target our religion and our being because they have no religion, and because we are better than them in Allah’s view, and that they envy us for this very reason.

“[The Islamists claim] that we are a great source of concern for [the West], and that we are their sole preoccupation and fear, and that the green [i.e. Islamic] ‘giant’ is ambushing them with its extraordinary capabilities of poverty, hunger, corruption, despotism, ignorance, prisons, delusion, superstitions, and preachers.

“[According to the Islamists, Islam] is, for this reason, the only one capable of destroying Western civilization, defeating it on its home ground, and wiping it out of existence through ‘a few explosive belts’ that do nothing other than kill and target Arab and Muslim children and their innocent blood.

“[They say that] the mother of all decisive [battles] – the fateful war with the atheist, sinful infidels – passes by way of those innocents, and that if it were not for accursed Israel, wicked America, the infidels, and the descendants of apes and pigs that lie in wait for us night and day, our countries and homelands would be like Copenhagen, Stockholm, Helsinki, and Oslo… When Allah rids us of those wicked, accursed people, we will live in tranquility and bliss, and live happily ever after, and we will have offspring, and girls whom we will dress in chadors, veils, and hijabs.

“But in truth… I think that those wicked ‘infidels’ love us much more than we hate them. If it were not for them, life would be transformed into hell and fire.”

“London Has Become a Safe Haven for Fundamentalists Fleeing the Hell of Middle Eastern Despotism”

“[The West] has contributed greatly – through material aid, technical expertise, and advisory assistance – to many of the amenities of life we enjoy. Tens of millions of humans have benefited from the West’s achievements in the sciences, and Western universities have opened [their doors] to the multitudes of students arriving from all countries of the world.

“They have granted citizenship and inducements – material and other – to all of the outstanding, the gifted, and the creative to live in those countries – and even to those who were chased out of their own countries. For instance… London has become a safe haven for fundamentalists fleeing the hell of Middle Eastern despotism. They release, from London, their fiery communiqués for the destruction of the infidel West …

“The prophecy has been fulfilled, and [these Islamists in London] have, in fact, become the only group to be redeemed from the inferno of tyranny, the hell of oppression, and the fire of despotism.

“It was the infidel West, for instance, that extracted oil from the Arabian desert, and turned it into a green paradise and expansive oases full of vitality. [In these oases,] various kinds of economic, intellectual, athletic and artistic activities flourish, and conferences and conventions are held to revile the infidel West and to accuse [other Arabs] of treachery, in the intoxicating atmosphere of the heart of the desert.

“If it were not for this massive technological aid, those countries would be living now as [they lived] in the earliest period of that great, time-honored history of theirs, before there was a West and before there were infidels.

“In addition, this infidel West dedicated its utmost efforts and thinking… to the medical sphere, and eliminated many of the contagious, infectious diseases that used to be predominant in the world. And it is this same West that gives [the Arabs] electricity with which to desalinate water…

If the West Were To Reciprocate the Enmity of the Arab Satellite Stations, “It Could Turn Their Lights Off and Send Them Back to the Early Camel Age”

“And it was [the West] that launched satellites ‘that float in the sky’(3) [that made possible] the [Arab] satellite TV stations which show up every day on the [TV] screens, and which sprinkle their unique ‘masterpieces’ over mankind. If the West wanted to, and if it were to act with the same logic of unveiled enmity [as the Arab satellite stations do], it could turn their lights off with one push of a button and send them back to the deep black depths and the Early Camel Age…

“I believe that applying oneself to putting forward all of the overwhelming conclusive arguments concerning the humanism of the West, the loftiness of its endeavors, and the nobility of its intentions, would be… a pointless linguistic digression. The general concept can be summed up by [the fact] that the West has not been grudging in [sharing] its humanism and its civilization with others, and it demands of them only a bit of quiet – if there is to be no good faith, recognition, and return of the favor…

“The world has become a narrow lane in a small global village. It listens, follows [developments], thinks, contemplates, and analyzes – and it cannot at all fathom the motives and the goals of this hostile and vicious discourse of incitement that some tirelessly market, exploiting their alliance with despotic regimes.

“One painful conclusion can be drawn from all of this… [and it is] that the more logical question… is not ‘why do they hate us?’ – if there is indeed some degree of hatred – but rather ‘why don’t they hate us?’…(4)

Al-Jazeera Talk Shows as a Window on Arab Society

In an April 15, 2007 article on Elaph.com, Na’isa took issue with those who criticize the popular Al-Jazeera talk show “The Opposite Direction.” In a rather backhanded compliment, he “praises” the confrontational show as an accurate, if pale, reflection of the conflictual state of contemporary Arab society:

“I don’t understand why many criticize ‘The Opposite Direction’… and call it… a cockfight, or a boxing ring, or a dialogue of the deaf.

“All the aforementioned program does is to pass on, through its participants and its unaffected interviews, some random aspects of a head-butting, fragmented Arab reality…

“’The Opposite Direction’ is a microcosm of the larger ‘opposite directions’ that are to be found in every home, in the street, within every institution, group, and political party, and in every small gathering, even those around a hookah and a backgammon table in a popular café, or in an out-of-the-way village.

“In fact, relatively speaking, [’The Opposite Direction’] is far less violent than what goes on in reality: the deafness, the anger, the resistance, the mutual shoving and head-butting. It often seems to me as though no one understands the other, and no one wants to listen to the other.

“If Allah, may He be praised and elevated – and the fact that he has not done this is [due to] His great wisdom – [but] if Allah were to bestow upon us weapons of mass destruction, we would destroy one another down to the last man… And then we could rest, and give tortured humanity a respite from our long and wearying problems, discussions, and talks.

“Hopefully our discussions will remain at the level of the ‘The Opposite Direction’ – a ‘bit’ of yelling and vituperation… and will not transform into a deadly hell and tremendous bloodshed…

“So first off, I would like to sincerely thank all of the participants… in this program, because they express, in a true and spontaneous manner, the nature of our societies, their innermost being, without any ‘touchup’… These are our people and our peoples. This is how we are. This is what we have to offer…”(5)

On the Arab Media’s Version of “Arab Identity”

In an April 26 article on Elaph, Na’isa wrote: “The charlatan… propagandistic media glories in the bombastic term ‘Arab identity,’ and it extols it and promotes it as the heavens’ gift to those sinking into a morass of backwardness…

“In truth, I tried hard, exhausted with fatigue and worn down by sleeplessness, and I [still] am trying, to define the basic characteristics of this identity vaunted by the Arab nationalists, professional pan-Arabists, and the Islamists, [thinking that] perhaps I could find a single reason or convincing explanation as to the uniqueness of this gift of nature that they dote on night and day.

“[I thought that] perhaps I could stumble on just one find by which I could advance a single proof concerning the enigma of the Zionist, colonialist, Burmese, Bengal, and Nepalese conspiracies to make this identity disappear from existence…

“I couldn’t find any convincing reason [to make] people cleave to this identity, apart from a wicked and obscure desire, not free of bad intent, to take revenge on them, deceive them, and keep them in their state of misery, decline, and in their humiliating position.

“This identity has come to mean… oppression, despotism, coercion, repression, prison, mass graves, security chases, exploitation, persecution, the organized plunder of national resources, odious racist discrimination against minorities and women, monopolization of thought, talent, and creativity, and the punishment of the free. It contains many distinguishing characteristics, such as: corruption, fragmentation, wars, tribal conflict, clannishness, blood feuds, and deep-rooted hostilities that never had any basis in the first place.

“[In the Arab world] the ruler is the army boot…, dictatorship, demagoguery…, military coups, and deification of the leaders. Without these unique characteristics, Arab identity loses its… customary and familiar luster and glamour…

“In light of all of these saddening and oppressive facts, if we were to put this identity… up for sale – to the bushmen or the cannibals in the jungle, to outcasts or refugees, to gypsies or to vagabonds – would any of them agree to buy it?…”(6)

Endnotes: (1) http://www.aafaq.org, April 23, 2007. (2) http://www.aafaq.org, April 23, 2007. (3) Paraphrase of Koran 21:33. (4) http://www.elaph.com, April 22, 2007. (5) http://www.elaph.com, April 15, 2007. Several weeks after publishing this article, Na’isa himself was invited to appear on “The Opposite Direction” on Al-Jazeera; see MEMRI TV Clip No. 1448, May 8, 2007: http://www.memritv.org/search.asp?ACT=S9&P1=1448. (6) http://www.elaph.com, April 26, 2007.

http://www.memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Page=archives&Area=sd&ID=SP159007

PLAN OF ACTION AGAINST EGYPTIAN GOVERNMENT AND OTHERS… what happened in Egypt is the plain and clear manifestation of Arabist hatred of Africans, Arabism’s disrespect of Africaness, and naked Racism. …

http://www.sudaneseonline.com/cgi-bin/sdb/2bb.cgi?seq=print&board=50&msg=1137188574&rn=

Israelism defines its borders, respectful of alternative cultures.

Arabism is rogue and misinformed, it believes that all cultures must adopt its ideologies.

http://opinion.latimes.com/opinionla/2008/06/obama-the-self.html

“One thing we should do immediately is drop the lazy concept of “the Arab street”: it means nothing, it doesn’t exist. Like most formulations beloved by the left, it’s an excuse to avoid having to learn anything hard or specific – facts, dates, trade patterns, economic relationships. The Bahraini street has nothing in common with the Ramallah street. The “Arab street” is as useless a notion as the “European street”: Americans should compare, for example, France and Belgium with Kuwait and Qatar. Who are the real allies? The difference at Arab League meetings henceforth will be between those members of a moderate, modernizing tendency and a dwindling number of decrepit thug states who prefer to carry on taking refuge in pan-Arabism’s perversion of traditional Arab fatalism and celebrating their failure.” – Mark Steyn

http://wso.williams.edu/~ljacobso/quotes/ME.shtml

denouncing Pan-Arabism in all its forms of practice as racism, …

http://www.buzzle.com/articles/end-darfur-genocide-21st-century-most-outrageous-crime-against-mankind.html

The Last Chance for Sudan to Exist: Get Out of the Arab League Now …

Pan-Arabism: the Epitome of the most Anti-Human Racism, a Forgery aiming at bestializing the Human Being. An inquisitive approach to the chances of the …

http://www.buzzle.com/editorials/9-4-2004-58911.asp

Deep down in Darfur – TLS Highlights – Times Online

Handicapped by the latent Arabist racism of the leadership, which hails, as it always has, almost entirely from Khartoum and the Middle Nile Valley, …

http://tls.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,25346-1886267_4,00.html

Arabists VS Middle East

http://www.michaeltotten.com/archives/2005/04/arabists-vs-the-middle-east.php

The Arab League as a useless ideological racist Arabist institution has existed only to promote Arabism and Arab racism against colonised non-Arab nations. …

http://www.kurdmedia.com/article.aspx?id=9285

Islamist and Arabist-racist attitudes, refracted through the honor-shame paradigm, greatly multiplied the scope and duration of the [Arabs vs Israel] conflict, …

http://www.theaugeanstables.com/2008/06/22/writing-away-ones-future

OLD STAND-BY ARABIST RACIST

http://www.shalomjerusalem.com/jerusalem/jerusalem74.html

Their grievance is not really Russian imperialism, or the 5 to 10 percent of the West Bank under dispute, or black African encroachment on Arab land, or purported French insensitivity to legitimate Islamic pride, much less an American “crusade” to harm Muslims.

All these issues and the hundreds of others — from the right to build a reactor in Iran to the desire for a semi-autonomous Chechnya — in theory could be discussed, argued about, and adjudicated through democratic dialogue.

But that is impossible. For you see, the real problem is the democratic dialogue itself — unknown in the Arab Middle East and much of the Islamic world, and a hindrance to both sharia and the pan-Arabist thug with epaulettes and sunglasses. Yet consensual government alone is the key to ending failed statist economies, gender apartheid, religious intolerance, state-controlled media, and tribalism. It alone might stop the self-induced misery and with it the tedious scapegoating of “the Jews and America.”

Much of the Islamic Middle East continues to blame others for its own induced catastrophe, apparently unaware — thanks to the lever of oil it didn’t discover, doesn’t know how to develop, and uses to intensify rather than alleviate its poverty — that its entire culture is becoming an international pariah. Islamic young men on European flights are looked at with distrust; they are not welcome in Russia. China wants

none of them. They are wary of visiting India. Australia learned from Bali. The whole world is watching — in disgust.

In short, the suicide bomber, the improvised explosive device, the car bomb, the televised beheading, the wacko fatwa, the sleazy propaganda streamer on the Internet, the new cult of death — all cowardly and lethal phenomena — these are now the innovations that the world associates with the Middle East in lieu of gene research, car production, or computer breakthroughs. If you look for gender equity in the Middle East, you won’t find it in Arab Olympic delegations, Saudi schools, or the Iranian government, but in the opportunity for young women to blow themselves up right beside men. Indeed, killing infidels is the nascent women’s-liberation movement of the radical Muslim world.

http://factsofisrael.com/blog/archives/000790.html


Arabism – Racism [Concised info, Wiki style]

Arabism and Arabization – asides from association with the a movement for unification among the peoples and countries of the Arab world, from the Atlantic ocean to the Arabian sea. it is more about Arab nationalism which asserts that the Arabs constitute a single nation. At times Pan-Arabism has tended to be secular and often socialist, but often it embeds within it Islamic tradition and culture or Islamism (like the genocide in Darfur). and has strongly opposed Colonialism and Western political involvement in the Arab world. Also historic Arabizing of the middle east [1] and in Africa that process is still going on today [2].

There’s a strong argument that Arabism was never detached from Islamism, To this day, Islamhas retained its imperial ambitions. The dream of regional and world domination has remained very much alive, despite the destruction long ago of the last great Muslim empire, which has left the Islamic caliphate vacant. The 20th century doctrine of pan-Arabism (exemplified by Egypt’s Gamal Abdel Nasser), though secular in appearance, has been effectively Islamic in its ethos, worldview, and imperialist vision. Karsh quotes Nuri Said, longtime prime minister of Iraq and a prominent early champion of pan-Arabism: “Although Arabs are naturally attached to their native land, their nationalism is not confined by boundaries. It is an aspiration to restore the great tolerant civilization of the early Caliphate” [3].

In the words of political science professor Adeed Dawisha, pan-Arabism at its inception was deeply influenced by European fascism, with the result that “Arab nationalists, infused with the illiberal ideas of cultural nationalism, had almost nothing to say about personal liberty and freedom.” Thus, in keeping with his pan-Arab beliefs, Maksoud has apologized or excused the excesses of assorted Arab tyrannies. [4].

At Baathism there was a greater link between Islamism & Arabism, Fascist movement, Ba’athism. Ba’athism’s founding thinkers, the Syrians Sati al-Husri and Michel Aflaq, composed a Koranic super narrative of Arabism, soil and Islam. They wrote of an Islam as the great cultural and intellectual achievement of the Arab people, and it in turn formed a symbiotic relationship with Arabism, such that they flowed from one another, locked in an eternal embrace. [5].

An Arabist can be referred to someone that is well knowlodgeable of Arab culture and nationality but can also be referred to a radical nationalist anti non-Arab.

As an ultra nationalist ideology it has been embedded with bigotry in its roots and in its motivated action.

Contents

Racism

In General

‘Arabism Equals Racism’, in an elaborated article, Gerald A. Honigman writes on the “acceptance of anyone else’s political rights in a multi-ethnic region that most Arabs see exclusively as “purely Arab patrimony.” That’s the Arab-Israel conflict in a nutshell; but it is also the core of the Arab-Berber, Arab-Kurd, Arab-Black African, Arab-Copt, Arab-Assyrian, Arab-non-Arab Lebanese conflicts, as well, among others. The Arabs’ Anfal Campaign against the Kurds and their actions in Darfur and the rest of the southern Sudan are just a few of many examples of Arab genocidal actions against all who might disagree.” [5].

The bigotry linkage of Arabism’s supremacy and radical Islam, by A ‘Short Critique of Islamic Fundamentalism’ Around the late 1920s the Moslem Brotherhood was formed by Arabist thinkers racial supremacy [1]. In the aftermath of 7/7/London Bombing a group calling itself: “Organization of Qaidat Al-Jihad in Europe” posted: Rejoice O Islamic nation. Rejoice O Pan-Arab nation. Rejoice, for the time of revenge on the British Zionist Crusading government has come [6].

Walid Phares writes about Arabism’s denial of identity of millions of indigenous non-Arab nations as an ethnic cleansing on a politico-cultural level [7].

‘Christians of Iraq’ site published an extensive historic account on “The Foolishness of imposing Oppressive Arab Nationalism on Non Arabs, Non-Arab Muslim minorities such as the Amazigh, or Berbers, Kurds, and Turkmen found themselves officially out of favor. They faced the prospect of becoming “Arabized” or of being denied political and even civil rights. Groups that identified themselves as neither Arab nor Muslim had it even worse: Southern Sudanese, Copts, Jews, and Assyrians were plunged into a protracted nightmare that saw their communities ground into anonymity, forcing many to emigrate permanently. Even Maronites, whose retention of political power in Lebanon immunized them from utter marginalization, watched with alarm as Arab nationalist propaganda increasingly portrayed them as a foreign and sinister element in the heart of the Arab nation.” [8]

Adel Makhoul wrote in May 1, 2005 aboutPan-Arabists Hiding Arab Racism, that they’re agents of racism: Arab Racism, that always supported Arab unity and “Islam” at the expense of non-Arab and non-Moslem peoples and tries to deflect the world’s attention from Arab and Moslem attrocities committed against Christians, Kurds, Jews, Israelis, Coptic Christians, non-Arab Sudanese, etc. he also points to the fact that Sadam Hussein’s poisoning of the Kurds has never been condemned by one Arab intellectual or leader. This is because a racist prevalent attitude in the Arab mind is that the entire Middle East should be Arab. This also explains the attitude towards Israel, a country that is predominantly non-Moslem and speaks a Middle Eastern language other than Arabic.[9] Michael Totten decries the tired Arab nationalist myth that Arabism protects Christians. [10]

The linkage to terror – Protecting terrorism, Pan-Arabism: the inhuman progenitor of Islamic Terrorism [11]. “Terror was used by the Arabs against the Jews in the Land of Israel since the dawn of Zionism.” [12]

Anti-Persian

A historic account of Pan-Arabism’s Legacy of Confrontation with Iran & Arab racism against Iranians. [13], Iran Heritage says that It was in Saddam Hussein’s Iraq where Arab racism attained its most vulgar … The “Arabization” of Persian contributions on the world stage was in full. [14]

The Egyptian Arab in the Al-Qaeda organization, A. Zawahiri described in April 2008 the “Persians” as the enemy of Arabs[2].

Anti-Kurd

The Kurds in Syria between 2 to 2.5 million [15] they’re second class citizens, for many not citizens at all, the attempts of Erasing Ethnic Identity. Syrian Kurds were banned from giving their children names reflecting their ethnic identity. Pary Karadaghi, Director of Kurdish Human Rights Watch in Washington, says one of the most basic ways of showing Kurdish identity was taken away. “The campaign of ‘Arabization’ actually replaced the Kurdish names, People could not have Kurdish names on cities, buildings [and] businesses. Children’s names could not be Kurdish.” Syria’s Kurds struggle for years to survive despite government oppression on many fronts. [16] And a cry against syria’s oppression has gone out. [17]

Iraq’s Saddam Hussein s Anfal campaign was designed to depopulate ethnic cleansing the Kurdish regions in northern Iraq. [18], Kurdish writers decry the massacre of Halabja and The Racism of so-called Arab Intellectuals towards Kurds and Kurdistan [19] [20].

Anti-Berber

The UN documented the racism against Indigenous peoples Multi-ethnic States, The Imazighen Bebers are the indigenous peoples of northern Africa and the Sahel [21]. Despite Arabization’s oppression in north-Africa, they are a proud people[22], Morocco‘s Berbers Battle to Keep Their Culture [23], in 2004 they spoke out and attacked Moroccan state racism [24]. Berber Leader Belkacem Lounes: “There Is No Worse Colonialism Than That of the Pan-Arabist Clan that Wants to Dominate Our People” [25].

‘Kabylia Info’ writes about oppression and tyranny of its people by Arabic-Islamic colonialism [26], the IHT‘s description: This is Kabylia, one of Algeria‘s most restive regions – home to a stubborn and proud ethnic minority of Berbers who since the end of the colonial era four decades ago have fought to preserve their cultural identity and independence. [27]

On Caucasians

SHEIK Taj Bin Al-Hilali: “The Western people are the biggest liars and oppressors and especially the English race,” the Mufti of Australia said in Arabic during the extensive interview in Egypt, his birthplace. [28]

On the racist gang rape spree by Arab Lebanese in Australia targeting specifically white girls, From the Sydney Morning Herald 2002 Racist rapes: Finally the truth comes out, So now we know the facts, straight from the Supreme Court, that a group of Lebanese Muslim gang rapists from south-western Sydney hunted their victims on the basis of their ethnicity and subjected them to hours of degrading, dehumanising torture. The young women, and girls as young as 14, were “sluts” and “Aussie pigs”, the rapists said. So now that some of the perpetrators are in jail, will those people who cried racism and media “sensationalism” hang their heads in shame? Hardly. [29]

Saudi Arabia’s King Fahd Bin Abdul-Aziz, Jeddeh 1993: “I summon my blue-eyed slaves anytime it pleases me. I command the Americans to send me their bravest soldiers to die for me. Anytime I clap my hands a stupid genie called the American ambassador appears to do my bidding. When the Americans die in my service their bodies are frozen in metal boxes by the US Embassy and American airplanes carry them away, as if they never existed. Truly, America is my favorite slave.” [30]

In 2006 Arab “Youths” Kick Man to Death on Crowded Bus in Antwerp Belgium [31].

Anti-Jewish

In General

Pan-Arabism’s anti-Jewish ideology

The champion of pan-Arabism Egypt‘s Gamal Abdel Nasser used the infamous anti-Semitic “protocols” libel in his war against Israel. [32], Both pan-Arabism and pan-Islamic ideologies looked to Hitler’s Germany as a model Haj Amin Al-Husseini expressed his admiration for the way ‘the Germans have definitively solved the Jewish problem,’ [33] & Gamal Abdel Nasser’s affinity for the Mufti was great [34], Joachim Wurst describes the emergence and psychological mechanisms of modern anti-semitismand particularly of genocidal Islamist anti-Semitism. He traces the development of this trend from the Muslim Brotherhood and the Mufti of Jerusalem in the 1930s and 1940s through the pan-Arabism of the 1950s and 1960s up to the present-day Islamism. [35].

Racism in Arabism was already strong in the 1920’s, Dr. Kaveh Farrokh explains that to understand the awkwardness (and indeed irrationality) of pan-Arabism (or any form of racialism), one is compelled to also briefly learn about the true founders of the B’aath party; Michel Aflaq and Salah al-Din al-Bitar. Both were born in Damascus, they formed their party on the basis of pan-Arabism, like the movements that had taken place in neighboring Iraq in the 1920s. Another influential and French (Sorbonne) educated Syrian, was Zaki al-Arsuzi. Al-Arsuzi was especially outspoken in his racism against the local Turks of Syria and especially venomous in his hatred against the Jews [36] He proves that Pan-Arabism is an extremely racist and chauvenistic movement on par with Nazism, whose ideology is anti-western, anti-Jewish and anti-Persian. [37]

1800’s & 1920’s.

The origin of anti-Jewish feelings among Arabs do not originate from what they preceive as ‘the occupation of Palestine’ and the creation of Israel. Even before the creation of the Israeli state in 1948 on what was before Palestine, a largely uninhabited terrain, many Jews were recorded attacked in various settlements by Arabs since the late 1800’s [38].

‘Historical and Investigative Research’ examins if Arab anti-Jewish racism in the first half of the 20th c. (that was marked already then with slaughtering of Jews with the racist shouting of Itbach al Yahud – kill the Jews) was fundamentally indifferent from the European variety [39]. On March 1, 1944. the famous Mufti: Amin Al-Husseini makes speech from Berlin addressing Muslim SS Nazi troops: “Kill the Jews wherever you find them. This pleases God, History and Religion. This saves your honor. God is with you.” [40].

On Syria’s Baathism’s racism [41] Major ideas of Baathism center around racism and anti-Semitism. The Baath party stems from the Pan-Arab movement [42], examples: Syrian Daily Al Baath, October 21, 1998 had an antisemitic cartoon, and on October 21, 1998 on Syrian TV: In these days, all of us, Arabs and Muslims, must stand together against the Jews [43].

Egypt has played gross anti-Jewish TV extravaganza “Horse without Horseman” which also portrays the Arab/Israeli conflict in an antisemitic anti-Jewish format [44]. so does anti-Jewish themes in Hezbollah Media. [45] Memri So does the ADL [46], Saudi Arabia bans Jewish visitors [47]. Pew’s finding in 2005 found that in Muslim nations such as Jordan most viewed Jews. [48].

But it knows no borders, of the ADL‘s records that documents antisemitic attacks wordlwide [49], the larger portion of those listed since 2002 (to 2008) were attributed to Arabs, especially those in Europe, in a sport game in Chile, Non-Jewish Goldberg (mistaken for Jew) made headlines after fans of Palestino, a Chilean team set up by Palestinian Arabs hurled racial slurs, ‘They called me J. garbage’ [50].

In 2007 the London editor of pan-Arab daily was praying for Iranian nuclear genocide attack on Israel [51] “if the Iranian missiles strike Israel, by Allah, I will go to Trafalgar Square and dance with delight.” circulating its propaganda to about 50,000 readers [52].

Europe

A few examples in France: Already in October 2000 among a very long and troubling list of attacks, Jews threatened and shoved by Arabs outside O.Y. Synagogue in Paris (first of two incidents) & ‘Death to Jews’ painted on two Synagogues in Marseilles [53], between 2000-2001 200 Arabs attacked Jews on the Champs Elysees [54], in March 2003 French Arab Muslims attack Jews in Paris in an “anti-war” march [55], in 2003 Jewish congregations in Sweden have noted a sharp increase in “harassment threats and attacks by Arabs and Muslims against Jews [56], in 2004 Six Arab youths attacked a twenty three year old young mother with her thirteen month old baby [57] after “deciding” she was Jewish, cut her hair with knives, slashed her clothes and scrawled swastikas on her belly in black felt-tip pen [58],in March 2006 Jews attacked in Paris suburbs by Arabs [59] in June 2008 Jewish Boy Attacked by Arab Muslim Mob in Paris [60], A 17-year-old French Jew Rudy Haddad attacked by North-Africans (Arabs) Jewish teen brutally beaten in apparent anti-Semitic attack in Paris, “[Sarkozy] assures the victim and his family of his support and renews his total determination to fight all forms of racism and anti-Semitism,” said a statement from Sarkozy’s office. A 23-year-old French Jew, Ilan Halimi, was found naked, tortured and covered in burns near Paris on February 13, 2006, after being held captive for three weeks. He died on the way to the hospital. The crime shocked France and raised fears of surging anti-Semitism among French Muslims. In February of this year, another Jewish teenager was tortured in the same town in which Halimi was killed, in yet another anti-Semitic attack. [61].

At the UN, The ‘Arab lawyers Union of Egypt’ in Durbanin 2001, distributed a booklet of violently Ani Jewish cartoons and has, since then, continued its incitement to Jew-hatred [62].

Jeremy Jones wrote in a report in 2004 on Australiathat some of the most overt anti-Jewish rhetoric in recent years has come from the Muslim and Arab groups & communities, and within the Arab and Muslim communities there is a group of activists who seek at every opportunity to denigrate Jews, not only in association with attacks on Israel[3].

On campus: The university of Columbia’s investigation into charges of anti-Jewish intimidation by Arab professors [63].

Harassment on Jewish students in Canadian universities by Arabs like in Carleton [64], Concordia University [65] which has been described by some as “centre of militant Arabism in Canada” [66]. [67] there were charges (in 2002) of militant Arabism in Canada’s Concordia University

More on campus, On May 7 2002, an example has been seen at the SFSU while a large, angry crowd of Arab Palestinians and their supporters swarmed a Jewish peace rally (where students wore t-shirts that said “peace” in English, Hebrew and Arabic) members, used physical violence, and shouted “Get out or we will kill you” and “Hitler did not finish the job” [68] [69] [70].

There are complaints against the ‘Muslims Students Association’ MSA of racism against Jews coming from its Arabs, Muslims, in 2008 Author David Horowitz, a popular conservative writer, was derided in a Nazi-like anti-Semitic cartoon, put out by the Muslim Student Association. The cartoon, which was copied and spread around campus, portrays Horowitz, a Jewish man, as a hooked-nose Nazi hiding in a trash can [71].

Roots and cause of Middle east conflict

Pundits explain that the conflict in the middle east Arabs VS Israel(that started with racist massacers on Jews accompanied with the slogan “Itbach al Yahud – Kill the Jews” [72] already in the 1920’s [73], through Hitler’s buddy [74] the Mufti Muhammad Amin Al-Husayni is just another Arab Muslim intolerance, the plight of Israel – being a minority in a majority hostile middle east. [75] [76] [77] [79] And even progressive, left wingers in Israel realize that Arab racism must go, and that “There will be no peace around here before Arabs view Jews as human beings.” [80], or as others have phrased it: Racism and Middle East Politics, As long as middle-eastern Arabs teach their children to hate Jews, there will be no lasting peace [81]. ‘Facts and Logic About the Middle East’ asks: Racism in the Islamic World How can peace prevail in the Middle East in the face of Islamic bigotry and hate? When will moderate Muslims speak out? [82], and the phenomenon of the new anti-Semitism which demonizes Jews and Israel alike, has fused itself with the “old” European anti Jewish bigotry [83]. Saddam Hussein’s “Three Whom God Should Not Have Created: Persians, Jews, and Flies” [84] who also led a racist [85] genocide campaign [86] against the Kurds, coinsides with that in moments before his death, he shouted: ‘Palestine is Arab’, meaning only Arab. [87], as part of a culture of hatred, the racism that denies historic roots of the Jews to Israel [88].

The first recorded Arab attack on Jews in Palestine was already back in 1886 in Petach Tikva [89][90] [91] [92].

Regarding the racist expulsion of 850,000 to 900,000 Jews from Arab countries [93] [94] the ethnic cleansing of the Jews [95], the ‘UN Watch’ Mar 19, 2008 has raised the importance of Historic truth in: Testimony at the UN – “Racism and Historical Truth: Jewish Refugees from Arab Lands” [96].

On anti-Jewish racism’s effect on clarity of the middle east, Interfaith Office Acknowledges (May 2008) Anti-Jewish Motifs and Stereotypes in Commentary About Arab-Israeli Conflict [97], concern about Carter’s pro-Arabism and veteran historian of Islam and the Middle East [98] & Bernard Lewis is concerned that the “Arab strain of racism, untruths and hatred against Jews and Israel is not only more virulent than its European counterpart, but is not counterbalanced by true scholarship or competing reason.” As a result, he believes, attitudes and beliefs “long discredited in the modernity of western countries take root with gullible, impressionable Middle Eastern audiences from a pre-modern culture.” [99].

There’s extensive research on ‘Palestinian Anti-Semitism’ [100], In its official media, the PA daily described: The Fable of the Holocaust [101], the JCPA elaborates About Anti-Semitism among Palestinian Authority Academics and how The Palestinian Authority’s academic anti-Semitism has built an extensive case against Jewish existence [102] This Palestinian racism is particularly dangerous because this hatred of Jews is portrayed as the will of Allah. [103] The Arab-Palestinian racism of killing only Jews In Israel, for the sole reason of being Jewish. they target every Jew, regardless of his or her individual political views, and they apologize when they accidentally kill a non-Jew, regardless of his political view. [104]

 

 

Rachel Neuwirth Wrote “Judenrein Palestine?” about Arabs forcing Israel to remove Jews from their historic Judea and asks: Why can’t Jews live in their historic homeland if there really is peace? After all, there are 1.2 million Arabs living as citizens of Israel in the one Jewish country in the world, while there are only a handful of Jews living in any of the 22 Arab countries. In fact, in Jordan and Saudi Arabia, not only is it illegal for Jews to be citizens, they are not even allowed to live there. Therefore, she proves, instead of Israel being the “apartheid state” in the region, it is the Arab world that is not only apartheid, but also racist and religiously exclusive” [105].

Anti-Jewish by Israeli-Arabs

The worrying involvement ofIsraeli-Arabs in terrorist attacks ditected against Israeli Jews [106] [107], Among the brazened ones in 2008 are noted the bulldozer attacks [108], “He took the bulldozer, with which he fed his own wife and family, and used it to crush other families to death, simply for being Israeli Jews.”[109]. On Jul 7, 2008 a writer in Israel’s lefty paper Haaretz asks: If justifying the murder of innocents because they belong to a certain hated group is not abject racism, I’d like to know what is. [110].

Israeli-Arab leadership, Arab MK Ahmed Tibi: (the entire area) ‘Palestine Belongs to Arabs, Not Jews’ [111], on January 2008 Islamic Movement head in Israel was charged with incitement to racism, violence [112] and on August 2008 Police shut down offices of Islamic Movement branch suspected of aiding Hamas, He was later in court with incitement to violence and racism, over a fiery speech he gave in the Wadi Joz neighborhood, in which he accused Jews of using children’s blood to bake bread. [113]

Anti-African

Arab Racism against Black Africans [114] [115], Darfur is but one example of Arab racism toward non-Arabs within the broader Arab world [116]. In the New York Times June 5, 1988 about Lybia’s leader: Qaddafi is bringing a truly racist crusade against Chadand Africa, Chad’s President, Hissen Habre, told [117]. blacks who live in Arab countries subject to racism, most Arabs refer to blacks as “Abed” which means “slave” in Arabic. [118]. Umarlee details it: “Ugly Black Women”, Perfect Arab Wives, and Matters of Race, Arab racism is not akin to American white racism. Let it be said that Arab racism is different from white (American) racism [119]. In an article in TheGuardian2008, titled ‘A paler shade of black’ a former Sudanese Arab described his growing up (by his family) as “superior” to blacks, that were referred to as “abd” (slave), yet when he moved to Saudi Arabia he found out that his Arabness didn’t measure up, he wasn’t Arab enough in Saudi Arabia’s racist society. [120] Some charge the Arab attitude on Darfur, ‘to the True Nature of the Twin Fascisms of Islamism and Pan-Arabism’ [121].

Eritreans in Egypt suffer from racism [122], in 2008 alone at least 20 Darfurian refugees (who tried to break free from Egypt’s oppression into democratic Israel) have already died at the hands of Egyptian forces [123].

Palestinian-Arab Racism: Secretary of State Rice has been the subject of some vicious racial attacks [124] including an anti-black Racist Rice Cartoon in Palestinian Authority’s controlled Press Al Quds ‘Black spinster’ label pinned on Condi Rice Palestinian media use racist terms including ‘colored dark skin lady’[125] Condemned by Black Activists [126].

Genocide in Sudan

The Christian Science Monitor 2004 affirms that Racism is at root of Sudan’s Darfur crisis [127], a writer at RaceAndHistory.com calls it ‘Arab Racism And Imperialism In Sudan’ [128], Darfur crisis linked to Arab racism, Slavery [129]. and this genocide has been described as an example of Arab racism at its worst [130]. Sudanese decry the “Apology of racism”, that some Sudanese people of Arabic origin consider themselves superior than the indigenous Sudanese [131]. Der Spiegel writes about the Janjaweed: Sudan’s War within a War – regime that uses tribal conflicts and Arab racism [132]. Pundits of Sudan write about “Arab racism, Islamic bigotry and discriminatory practices are the most divisive issues in the Sudan” and its terrible effect, crimes on non-Arab Sudanese [133].

________________________
Watch:
On Berbers
 

Berber Exploitation [by Arabs, Arabization]- Morocco http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ymfAxe_XcH8

 

 

On Kurds

 

[Kurds, victims of Arab racism] “Halabja” Moments before the Genocide / March/ 16 / 1988 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AR-C6aSMp6g

 

On Africans

 

The Devil Came on Horseback [Arab racism in Sudan] http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SV7yQY0dQs4

 

On Jews

Arab Muslim war crimes against the Jewish people (since the 1940’s) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9JxE1rFRMRs

The Truth About Arab “Palestinian” Terrorism http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AlwNXd3_cW0

Hebron Massacre, 1929, the first documented [Arab] massacre in the holyland http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=skYN3q1BsEo

Israel is a victim of Palestinian Terrorism & Islamic Jihad (background on Arabs’ war on the Jews) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qdH0XxDEjG4

Blood, soil, Ba’athism’s fascism, Michel Aflaq composed a Koranic super narrative of Arabism, soil

October 18, 2008

Blood, soil [Michel Aflaq composed a Koranic super narrative of Arabism, soil
and Islam]
jpost Sep, 24 2008 24 Sep 2008
Faith, blood, people and
soil… Such themes also come together in that most hideous of Middle Eastern
fascist movements, Ba’athism. Ba’athism’s founding thinkers, the Syrians Sati
al-Husri and Michel Aflaq, composed a Koranic super narrative of Arabism, soil
and Islam. They wrote of an Islam as the great cultural and intellectual
achievement of the Arab people, and it in turn formed a symbiotic relationship
with Arabism, such that they flowed from one another, locked in an eternal
embrace.

http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1222017382909&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull

(As to the issue of Israel’s land to Arabs, it is important to note that non-Arabs – AKA Jews, don’t have any “rights” in the land occupied by “Palestinians”… it is virtually 100% ethnic cleansed, while Arabs make up 20% of Israel’s population).

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